They cause a sharp pain may arise unexpectedly.
In fact, cramp is the uncontrollable contraction of muscles. They usually occur in the calf muscles, although there are in other areas.
During cramps you may feel in the affected area muscle became denser and harder than usual. The pain is so cutting and sudden that often catches us by surprise in a most unexpected time. Fortunately, usually the spasm is short, from several seconds to several minutes.
The causes of cramp can be very different:
Circulatory disorders in the legs.
Sudden and strong pressure on the muscles without prior warm-up.
Intense physical activity in hot weather.
Dehydration of the body.
A deficiency of magnesium or potassium (or both minerals).
The pinched nerve.
A side-effect from certain drugs.
How to remove spasm?
Of course, the best way to get rid of muscle cramps is to engage in their prevention. But if you suddenly twisted a sharp pain in the calf muscle, to remove it will help such simple actions.
Massage and rubbing
In order to relieve muscle spasm, start much rubbing or massaging the affected muscle.
When there is pain, we unconsciously tense the muscles, but it can only strengthen it. Try, on the contrary, the maximum relax the muscles.
Cover the affected area spasm a warm blanket. This simple technique will help to ease the pain and relieve spasm.
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Prevention of seizures
Drink plenty of water.
Take vitamins with magnesium and potassium.
Before serious physical activity be sure to do stretching or warm-up.
Eat foods rich in potassium and magnesium: bananas, buckwheat, beans, walnuts and so on.
Limit alcohol consumption which causes dehydration.
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