Diarrhea (diarrhea) is usually caused by a bacterial or viral infection, food poisoning.
The main pathogens – Escherichia coli, Salmonella. They live in contaminated water and food. There are also bacteria Clostridium difficile. Them in the intestine becomes greater with prolonged use of antibiotics or infection.
Diarrhea caused by bacterial infection that often occurs in tourists who visit the exotic country, so it is sometimes called “travellers ‘ diarrhoea”.
According to the world health organization, every year the world record is about 2 billion cases of diarrhoeal disease. And about 1.9 million children under the age of 5, mostly in developing countries, die.
What to do for diarrhea?
Drink plenty of fluids – as much as you can. The more water the better, because how much would it not, it will still be released from the body. When this condition is diagnosed, the deficit of electrolytes (sodium, potassium, chloride) and salt, so they need to compensate. In the water contains very little, but in compotes of red or orange fruits and berries in abundance. The deficiency of salts is filled with a special solution, the composition of which is recommended by who experts. Means (gastrolit, regidron) contain the specified qualitative and quantitative compositions of oral rehydration salts. In such cases, it is better to drink water without gas. Your main task – to compensate for the loss of water, salts and electrolytes.
Associated symptoms: Dizziness, Muscle pain, Weakness, Headache, Fever (fever, hyperthermia, high temperature), diarrhea (Diarrhea), Vomiting, Nausea
For all cases of diarrhoea, an important first step in treatment is rehydration. Remember that children and the elderly are most susceptible to dehydration.
Who experts say that with the help of a solution for oral rehydration can be successfully treated in over 90% of cases of acute diarrhea easy. The addition of zinc will reduce the severity and duration of diarrhea in children.
Antibiotics only used for treatment of diarrhea caused by bacterial infection.
Follow the diet, after return to normal. Quite refuse:
dairy products, especially milk and yogurt
Avoid stress in order to speed up recovery, it is important to avoid stressful conditions.
Associated diseases: Gastritis, Enterovirus infection, Enteritis, Colitis, foodborne illness, Salmonella
The facts you need to know
The most common cause of diarrhea are microorganisms that are ingested with food and water. Therefore, as prevention is recommend to eat and drink quality food and drink and to keep clean the space around you, wash hands with soap and water. This will reduce the risk of this pathological condition.
Recently, scientists expressed the view that in some cases, individuals even helpful to go through the diarrhea, if it is short and does not lead to other diseases. Why? It is argued that because of this human organism displays various harmful substances. Note that this is only a theoretical opinion of some scientists.
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