In 2020, the Russians are waiting for the changes will come into force a set of laws, some of which will become effective from 1 January. The changes will affect pensioners, motorists, supermarket buyers and customers of foreign online stores. “Ribbon.ru” has collected the most important: taxes, benefits, price increases, new rules for marking products, Parking cars and even trips to the toilet at train stations.
Increase the price of the wine
This is due to the increase in excise duties from 1 January. Such a law in September 2019 was signed by President Putin. The wine will go up further. From 2020, the excise tax will be 31 rubles per liter, 2021 — 32 rubles, with 2022-th — 33 rubles. The excise duty on champagne in 2020 will be at the level of 40 rubles per liter, in 2021-m — 41 rubles, 2022 — 43 rubles.
Also, the law sets the excise tax on wine, which were not previously taxed. Now an exception will be made only for those wine materials, which are used for making distillates. With the rest of the tax will be levied at the rate of 31 rubles per liter (32 and 33 of the ruble in 2021 and 2022 years).
The excise tax will apply to the grapes used to produce wine and sparkling wine, liqueur wine and alcohol produced by full cycle. From 2020 to 2022 it will annually rise on the ruble will increase from 30 to 32 rubles.
The law is aimed at supporting domestic producers, however, due to the lack of Russian materials the new rules could lead to an increase in retail prices of wine, experts say. In the end, according to their estimates, the growth of prices for Russian and imported wines can range from five to ten percent.
More expensive cars
This is due to the increase in the rates of utilization fee. This decree was signed by Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev.
The maximum increase occurs in the segment of passenger cars and average 110.7 percent. While much will depend on the capacity of the particular vehicle. So, for cars with an engine capacity of less than one liter, the fee will increase by 46.1 per cent, for vehicles with an engine capacity from 3.5 liters — 145 percent.
For the mass segment of cars with an engine of 1-2 litres — the collection will grow by 112.4 percent.
The government is considering increasing the recycling fee as a compensatory measure after the reduction of customs duties on imported cars. According to participants of the market, all the dealers will be forced to raise prices, which, by the way, in 2019 was low because of falling demand.
At the same time, the Ministry of industry and trade do not expect a sharp rise in the price of the car. They said that to keep the price of Russian cars would help the state support measures, and the imported share of index utilization fee is only two to five percent.
Will cease to operate Soviet laws
11 September 2019 the Prime Minister of Russia Dmitry Medvedev instructed in the framework of regulatory guillotine 1 January 2020 to stop the action of some laws passed in the days of the USSR and the RSFSR. The then Deputy Prime Minister Konstantin Chuichenko noted that we are talking about more than 20 thousand legal acts.
This added work to the Ministry of justice. In November it was reported that it encountered difficulties, as a third of Soviet laws, for example, it is impossible to find in the legal databases, and some of them exist only as references in other acts. All documents have to be checked manually, since the information about their relevance varies.
The mechanism itself of the regulatory guillotine involves extensive analysis and review of existing laws with a view to their revision.
The toilets at the stations will be free
Passengers, meeters and greeters will be able to enjoy the novelty from the 1st of January. This rule will apply only to those stations from which trains of distant following, and also at all the railway stations of Moscow.
The Russians will begin to issue electronic work book
January 1, in Russia comes into force a package of laws on electronic work. Employers will begin to transfer to the Pension Fund of data on labour activity and the seniority of each employee in the online mode, rather than using the good old email.
In this case the employee will receive e-work book or write conventional paper document. For the transition to the new system, the citizen should submit a written statement. Those who do not have time to announce his decision in 2020, will be able to do it later, but those Russians who will officially begin work after January 1, 2021, will no longer be able to receive a paper workbook.
Ban travel on new cars without numbers
Now to put the car on the account, is given ten days within which you can move around in a new car on public roads without license plates. About the changes, it became known at the national seminar of traffic in October. Under the new rules, to register cars will be dealer: dealers will receive the status of “specialized organizations” (though, after the necessary checks) and you will be able to submit the documents to the traffic police, to produce license plates and give them to the buyer along with the keys. Thus, of the auto machines will go up with the numbers.
For the secondary market did not change — the driver will still be 10 days to put the car on the account. This is due to the fact that buyers may need time to reach its native region.
The minimum wage will rise
However, only 850 roubles (7.5 percent). Now the minimum wage will not 11 thousand 280 rubles, and 12 thousand 130 roubles.
Previously, the minimum wage grew in 2018. Then it was equated to the living wage: the minimum wage in Russia is set at the subsistence level for the second quarter of the previous year, and in the case of reducing the subsistence level the minimum wage should remain the same.
Some Russians will be exempted from tax
Under the new laws, students, or cadets, interns, assistants, interns, adjuncts and graduate students are exempt from paying income tax if you receive financial aid if it does not exceed four thousand rubles a year.
In addition, income tax will be free and those who suffered in emergency situations. Personal income tax will not have to pay the Russians, which provide to the victims of the terrorist attacks, natural disasters and other emergency housing under a lease that if the rent pays the Federal budget.
To fully study the documents for tax exemption on the official portal of legal information.
In the past will go away a paltry 50-ruble payments for child care
Now they put those raising a child from a half to three years. Decree of the President from January 1, the new payment will not be assigned. However, if the woman has already received 50 rubles per month, cancel rules nobody will, until the payment period it has not run out.
Thus goes down in history as much as a decree from 1994. It is possible to deduct that compensation in the amount of 50 rubles was appointed “to mothers (or other relatives, actually caring for the child), consisting in labour relations on terms of employment with the enterprises, institutions and organizations regardless of their organizational-legal forms, and female soldiers who are on leave to care for a child up to the age of three”.
Families receiving child benefit, there will be more
The President signed the law in August. Now the “need criterion” for families receiving benefits for the first and second child will increase from 1.5 times to double the subsistence minimum. That is, if the average family income is less than two subsistence minimums per month, the payout they are entitled. In addition, the payment will accrue for the first two children aged up to three years.
Pensions pensioners will grow
From January 1 they will receive 6.6 percent, and state pensions, including social pensions will grow by 7 percent, but from 1 April. This is stated in the message of Ministry of labor.
Indexing will affect about 31 million non-working pensioners. It is noted that it would be “much higher” inflation. According to Deputy Prime Minister Tatiana Golikova, the average pension pensioners will be in Russia 16.4 thousand rubles.
Regular food ban issue for “organic” and organic products
The system of certification of organic products will start to work in Russia from January 1, 2020 after the going into effect of the law on organic products. Since then, the manufacturers can call their products “organic” for marketing purposes.
In Europe and the United States marked “bio” or “organic” means that the products have been produced without the use of chemicals, pesticides, herbicides, antibiotics and certain means of plant protection. In Russia until recently, the laws did not define what is organic or “organic”products, so manufacturers simply used the mark to attract the attention of consumers.
According to the head of Roskoshestvo Maxim Protasov, now the country faces a challenge to achieve recognition of domestic certificates all over the world, as it will give an opportunity for Russian farmers and businessmen to develop exports.
In the Moscow metro more expensive fare
The cost of one trip in the Moscow metro will increase by two rubles from February 1, 2020. This was reported by RIA Novosti with reference to the materials for the meeting of the government Presidium.
It turns out that the cost of one trip on the map “Troika” in the subway, and the Moscow Central ring (ISC) and Moscow Central diameters (IDC) in the area of “Central” will be 40 rubles instead of the current 38. The ticket “One” will rise from 55 to 57 rubles.
The last time the fare in public transport in Moscow has increased by 2 January 2019.
The amount of duty free purchases in foreign online stores will be reduced
From the beginning of 2020, the fees will start to impose the purchase of goods in the amount of 200 euros. Previously, it was 500 euros. Along with this, the rate of duty will fall from 30 percent, as it is now, to 15 percent of the purchase price.
The decision on lowering the threshold was taken at the end of 2017, when the participants of the Eurasian economic Union (EAEU), which includes Russia, agreed to reduce the maximum amount of the purchase.
The maximum weight for duty-free parcels will remain the same — no more than 31 kilograms. If it is exceeded, you will have to pay two euros for every extra kilo. If both are exceeded and the weight and value of the parcel, it will be assessed the highest duty of the two, but not both.
Home buyers will protect from fraud. But only a bona fide
The Federation Council had in December 2019 to approve previously adopted by the state Duma a law to protect innocent property buyers from scams.
Experts say that the main ploy of fraudsters in the conclusion of real estate transactions is a fake power of attorney for sale of accommodation and false documents confirming the right of ownership. Under the new law, if a person acquire housing, based on information from the state registry that he default is considered fair. Housing, of course, returned to owner. But if you recover money from the fraudsters who sold the apartment, it is not possible, then the bona fide purchaser is entitled to receive compensation from the Federal Treasury. Amount — less than 1 million (but not exceeding the cost of housing, of course).
If the President has time to sign the law before the New year, it will take effect from 1 January.
Vans and taxis are banned to Park in the yards
From 1 January in the cities of Federal significance Moscow, Saint Petersburg and Sevastopol — they will simply evacuate to the car pound. This also applies to vans and trucks.
It is connected with the order of the Ministry of transport, which lists the upgraded requirements for car parks of legal entities and individual entrepreneurs who carry out commercial transportation in these three cities. Exception left only to personal vans.
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