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Global food prices continue to rise with poorest countries hit hardest

The agency said that its food price index jumped by 2.4 percent month-on-month to reach 116.0 points in February. The gauge, which tracks monthly changes in the international prices of commonly-traded food commodities, is also 26.5 percent higher than it was a year earlier. 

The latest increase has become the longest surge for overall food costs since the food crisis broke that out in 2007-08. Prices for sugar soared most, adding 6.4 percent from January, according to the FAO. The agency’s sugar price index rose for the second month in a row, reaching its highest level in nearly four years. 

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Meanwhile, vegetable oil prices posted almost similar growth, hitting the highest level since April 2012. Palm, soy, rape and sunflower seed oils all became costlier due to multiple factors from concerns over low inventory levels in leading exporters to lower than expected production prospects for this year. 

“Higher international prices could really go to exacerbate the economic hardship caused by the pandemic, especially for some vulnerable groups,” economist at FAO, Shirley Mustafa, said as cited by Bloomberg. 

“We see a number of countries on the one hand seeing greater production, but also with heightened import needs,” Mustafa added. “Put this next to the increases in international food prices, this is at the root of the concern we have over the recent gains.”

According to the official, higher production in some countries may not be enough to offset heightened import needs of other states. According to the FAO estimates, some 45 countries, including 34 in Africa and nine in Asia, “are in need of external assistance for food” due to conflicts, climate-related shocks and as the result of the Covid-19 outbreak, which exacerbated their vulnerabilities.

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