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Down to watch: 12 the biggest canyons on Earth. Photo

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. ФотоThe canyons boast fantastic scenery and incredible size.

Canyons are some of the most amazing and delectable creations of nature.

Millions of years on the surface of the earth was flowing, turbulent river flows, neutralizing all obstacles in its path and gradually eroding deep valleys. Over time, the rapid flow of water dried up, and in their place remained only a deep ravine. The difference between these amazing creations of nature not only impressive appearance, but also a unique ecosystem. Many of them are habitats of rare species of animals and birds in the canyons grow rare species of plants. The deepest canyons on the planet, and incredibly beautiful, however, very dangerous. Steep cliffs ready to collapse at any moment, flowing along the bottom of rapid rivers, wild animals and insects – danger only attract in these places inspired tourists.

1. The Colca canyon is one of the world leaders in depth, it is about 3 400 metres. Given that the length of the canyon is more than 100 kilometers, it can safely lay claim to being one of the largest on the planet. The location of the canyon is also quite unusual, it is in the Andes, at an altitude of 3,260 meters above sea level. The main feature of these places is unique nature, the Colca canyon was elected as the habitat of the largest bird of prey — Condor. Its wingspan can reach 3.3 meters, for admiring these majestic birds and others natural beauty in the canyon as there are several excellent viewpoints, including the La Cruz del Condor.Many travelers during a visit to the canyon tend to get into the area Sangye. On its territory there is a unique plateau with a tropical climate – a veritable tropical oasis with palm trees surrounded by snow-capped mountain peaks. To explore the scenic spots of the canyon is best accompanied by a guide, the gorge is still in danger of collapse. While walking through the most picturesque places of the canyon is worth a look and one of the colorful Andean villages, small settlements can be found on both sides of the gorge.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

2. Length: 500 km Depth: more than 6,000 m.
The depth of the Tsangpo canyon located in Tibet, is more than 6,000 meters, by this measure, he is the undisputed leader. The gorge is approximately 500 kilometers long; it has a very unusual shape of a horseshoe. Mountains surrounding the canyon are incredibly high, their snowy peaks merge with the light blue sky and become barely visible. They attract fans of climbing, mountain climbing, okruschayuschih canyon, big professionals. Among the distinctive features of the Tsangpo canyon is also worth to highlight the unique ecosystem, depending on the altitude, its climate ranges from subtropical to Arctic.On the southern slope of the canyon located Namjagbarwa mountain – the highest peak of East Himalayas, soaring 7 782 meters. At the bottom of the gorge continues rapid river Tsangpo, its minimum width is 80 meters, but from the bird’s eye view it seems a subtle thread, lost among the mighty mountains. Recent large-scale study of the canyon, where he was recognized as the deepest on the planet, took place in 1994. The results of the study have become one of the most significant geographical achievements of the 20th century.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

3. Length: 450 km Width: 30 km.
The largest in Australia is the canyon Capertee, it features not only an impressive scale, but a respectable age. The valley was formed millions of years ago, so today its slopes don’t seem so steep. However, extreme land cliffs can be found there. To conquer them alone to fans of climbing is not recommended, as rocks are very fragile and may collapse.The length of the canyon is about 450 kilometers and the width is about 30 kilometers. Since ancient times the valley of the river Capertee locals used to develop mines, slopes of the gorge in the truest sense of the word are precious gifts of nature. The first of the mines, which was mined precious stones, were developed here over 2,000 years ago. It is noteworthy that for thousands of years, deposits of precious stones didn’t depleted. Recently, one of the curious travelers spent in the canyon 6 days, during which time he managed to find 77 gems. Walking through the ancient mines is also unsafe, as any loud sound or awkward movement can cause them to collapse. Abandoned mines are not the only attractive feature of the valley Capertee it remains an ideal location for exploring the natural attractions and Cycling.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

4. Depth: more than 6,000 m.
The name of the canyon of Kali Gandaki and flowing along its bottom the river was in honor of the Hindu goddess Kali, who is the personification of the powerful forces of nature. The exact depth of the canyon remains unknown, it is estimated that it is more than 6,000 meters. The canyon is framed by the majestic mountains of Annapurna and dhaulagiri, the height of which is more than 8 000 meters annually to admire their snow-capped peaks attracts thousands of travelers. If tourists these places are of interest, first and foremost, with the “natural” point of view, for the indigenous peoples they from ancient times are considered sacred.The canyon of the Kali Gandaki gorge, Nepal The bravest of the number of local residents regularly go to one of the gorges to find in the muddy waters of the river sacred stones “saligrama”. The latter are really quite unusual; they are fossils of shellfish that lived in the river millions of years ago. These amazing stones in India are valued more than gold because of their unique healing properties. Travelers will also be able to devote some time to this dangerous and fun event. To get to the bottom of the gorge only with an experienced guide, only the locals know the short and relatively easy way to the banks of the river. Saligrama is just one of the many mysteries of the canyon of Kali Gandaki.

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Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

5. Length: 446 km Depth: 1800 m.
Without a doubt we can say that the most famous in the world is the Grand Canyon of Colorado, it is located in the unique national Park of the same name. The length of the canyon is 446 kilometers and the depth is about 1,800 meters. Despite the fact that these parameters do not allow canyon to qualify for the world championship, he does not cease to be a landmark of world importance and a centre of attraction for millions of tourists. The age of the canyon is about 10 million years, it has been carefully studied by scientists who have discovered many amazing features.One of the oldest canyons on the planet is home to 355 species of rare birds and 150 species of animals, and in the Colorado river is home to more than 15 rare species of fish. In addition to the natural values of the canyon was discovered and archaeological artifacts – petroglyphs, whose age is about 3000 years. Each year, the Grand Canyon attracts more than 5 million tourists, which is equipped with excellent viewing platforms and developed the most interesting walking routes. The most popular viewing platforms are Cape Royal point, bright angel point and Imperial point. Stroll along the canyon in solitude is very dangerous, especially on its bottom. Here was established the desert hot climate, grow cacti and meets many dangerous creatures, including poisonous spiders and Scorpions.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

6. Length: 161 km and the Depth 550 m.
The canyon with such an unusual name is in Namibia, among its distinctive features incredibly spectacular and harmonious appearance. The length of the canyon is 161 kilometers and the depth is only 550 meters, which is quite modest in comparison with global giants. However, the beauty of it can really claim to be one of the first places in the world. The name of the canyon was the longest river in Namibia, Fish River. Canyon formation occurs continuously in the rainy season the river is swift and bubbling stream. During the period of drought, the river dries up, so at the bottom of the canyon formed a small lake.Lovers of quiet rest prefer to visit the canyon in the drought period, whereas attracts adventurers in the midst of the rainy season. Stroll along the sandy slopes of the canyon at this time is incredibly dangerous, and to approach the bottom of the gorge are it could flood at any moment. More recently, the canyon is the permanent venue of the marathon. A stretch of road that runners have to overcome, not without reason, considered one of the toughest in the world, he passes through the difficult terrain. To visit these scenic spots, tourists are advised in the period from may to October – during a drought. They will have the unique opportunity to walk on the bottom of the gorge, free of bubbling streams of Fish river.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

7. Depth: 3535 m.
The Cotahuasi canyon is the deepest in Peru, its depth is 3,535 meters. The canyon is framed by two majestic mountain ranges, Soliman and Coropuna also among the local natural attractions is to provide beautiful waterfalls, the most beautiful among which is Sepia. Translated from the Quechua language the name of the canyon can be translated as “house for all”, in the colonial period on the slopes of the gorge it was founded many tiny villages and mountain villages. The Spanish colonizers built there and the Bullring, some of which have survived to our times.One of the most picturesque villages considered Kalata among its main architectural attractions of the old cemetery Barrancas de Tenajaja. No less attractive is village, Lucio, in whose territory are located the medicinal hot springs. The picturesque Cotahuasi canyon is a unique storehouse of natural and historical attractions, it is sure to impress lovers of Hiking and excursions. The gentle slopes of the gorge are uninhabitable, its cliffs are ideal for honing climbing skills. Suitable for training areas there are for beginners and experienced athletes.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

8. Length: 80 km Depth: 1300 m.
Montenegro is the Tara river canyon, it is the deepest in Europe. The depth of the gorge is about 1300 meters, and the length is about 80 kilometers. The canyon is located on the territory of the Durmitor national Park, so it constantly attracts fans of ecotourism. The name of the Tara river and it formed the canyon was named after the ancient Illyrian tribe that once lived in these areas. The Tara river is among the main attractions of the country, it has an unusual cascade structure and its length has more than 40 significant changes in height. The water in the river is crystal clear, its so you can safely drink. Experienced travelers enjoy this event celebrating the amazing taste of river water, which cannot be compared with any other.Already long ago, these scenic places were chosen by fans of rafting, cascading structure of the river makes the conditions for alloys just perfect. In addition to rafting available to tourists and other sports – walking on the steep slopes and narrow paths on mountain bikes. Among the outstanding natural attractions of the canyon and a beautiful waterfall Balovich SIG, as well as the amazing forest Crna Poda preserve the pristine beauty. In 1940 over the canyon was completed the construction of the bridge đurđevića Tara bridge, it offers a great panoramic view of the gorge and surrounding landscapes.

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Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

9. Length: 26 km Depth: 1372 m.
In South Africa the province of Mpumalanga is one of the outstanding natural attractions of the planet – the Blyde river canyon. Its maximum depth is 1,372 meters and the length of the valley is 26 kilometers. Exploring the canyon man began more than 100,000 years ago, in ancient times the valley was home to the Swazi tribes. During the exploration of the canyon, scientists have found cave paintings and remains of ancient people killed in tribal wars.Currently the main inhabitants of the canyon are animals, including primates, occupying local woods and rare Kudu antelope, attracted by the picturesque green meadows. It is also worth noting that in the canyon there are wild animals, including leopards, so enjoy the spectacular scenery without a guide is not recommended. Half a century ago in the canyon began production of gold, nearly a hundred years continuously were inspired by the miners, gradually the gold fields dried up, remained unchanged, only the harmonious beauty of the gorge. Some sections of the canyon are ideal for climbing, running along the bottom of the gorge rapid Blyde river only adds excitement.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

10. Depth: 1830 m.
Located in Mexico, Copper canyon is a collection of six small canyons, which are usually considered natural formations. The name of the canyon fully reflects one of the main distinguishing features of the slopes of the gorge have a rich copper-red color. Over time, the slopes of the canyon were covered with green moss, which arrived in these places the Spanish colonizers took over the copper mine. Walking up the steep mountain slopes remains one of the favorite pastimes among tourists, but the most successful may have the opportunity to see rare species of native predators. For this reason, Hiking in some areas of the gorge without escort is prohibited.The difference in height in the gorge is about 1870 metres, and while the tops of the mountains remain covered with snow, at the bottom of the gorge in subtropical forests in the truest sense of the word simmering. The canyon is home to more than 30% representatives of the Mexican fauna, lush forests you can find rare Mexican wolf, black bear and Cougar. The number of plants growing in the canyon, and all the thousands. These sites attract active travelers, but because of the beautiful Copper canyon was elected as the permanent venue of the Festival informative adventure travel. Lovers of excursions can visit the Indian villages raramuri and purchase handmade Souvenirs.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

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11. At a distance of about 240 miles from the Grand Canyon of the Colorado is another notable attraction is the Antelope canyon. It is located on the territory of the Navajo reservation, so to get to the canyon travelers can only after payment of a fee and accompanied by a guide. Conventionally, the canyon is divided into two – upper and lower, they both feature incredibly beautiful rock formations that serve as the center of attraction for photographers from all over the world. The visitors of these places will have a great opportunity to stroll around the fabulously beautiful Sandstone cliffs, through narrow slits, between which light penetrates, giving these places an atmosphere of mystery.Among other highlights of Antelope canyon education history. Bizarre sandy cliffs, which can be admired today are the result of exposure to rainwater. Every year during the rainy season the canyon is undergoing a lot of changes, and when the rains end, becomes available to the public. During heavy rains, some areas are heavily flooded, so going for a walk in the rainy season is extremely dangerous. The bottom of the canyon is a complex maze of Sandstone rocks, the rain water forms narrow passages that barely penetrate the rays of light. The color of the rocks forming the canyon is orange — red, resembling the color of antelopes, it is a remarkable coincidence and gave the name to the canyon.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

12. Length: 154 km Depth: 300 m
The location of the Charyn canyon Charyn is a national Park in Kazakhstan, the length of the valley is 154 km, and its depth varies from 150 to 300 meters. Despite the relatively modest scale, the number of attractions and unique features of the canyon is simply amazing. Obligatory tour is a visit to Valley of castles. The so-called district, where amazing natural formations – rocks, reminiscent of the real castle tower. Plenty of surprises are waiting for nature lovers in the canyon are more than 1,500 plants, about 80 species of mammals and over 100 species of birds. It should be noted that many representatives of the local flora and fauna listed in the Red book of Kazakhstan.Savvy travelers compare the landscapes of Charyn canyon to the famous Grand Canyon, they really are very similar, but only superficially. Ecosystems of the canyons, canyon Charyn wonderfully preserved rare species of trees that existed on the planet before the era of glaciation. Experienced travelers recommend visiting the canyon at sunset, the setting sun paints its slopes in purple, gold and pink tones – that looks like a fascinating performance. For the area, which is located in the Charyn canyon, is characterized by high sand content in soils. This feature makes walking on the slopes of the gorge is quite dangerous, fragile breed at any time may collapse.

Вниз не смотреть: 12 самых больших каньонов на Земле. Фото

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