It seems that only there you can feel the power and beauty of this place.
Today Rio de Janeiro is the second largest city in Brazil with breathtaking scenery, well-developed beach culture and of course the famous annual carnival.
Unique “recordaba” the Harbor of Rio the famous mountain “Sugar loaf” and the peak of Cocovado and the hills of Tijuca. All this makes it one of the natural wonders of the world. Then there are the beaches of Copacabana and Ipanema and the very famous statue of Christ.
City “crystal dreams” Ostap Bender where it was placed tipster, “all without exception wear white pants” actually turned out to be a city of contrasts. Rio de Janeiro is famous for its annual Brazilian carnival, but the city’s consistently high level of crime and on the slopes of the surrounding mountains huddle squalid dwellings — the favelas — the poorest neighborhoods of the city.
The Portuguese founded Rio de Janeiro in the middle of the XVI century. Himself Guanabara Bay, on the Western shore of which is a metropolis, January 1, 1502 discovered by Gaspar de Lemos. However, the Portuguese sailor took the Bay for the mouth of a large river, and this misunderstanding gave the city its name: “January river”.
Rio de Janeiro for many years was the capital: first the colonies, then the United Kingdom of Portugal and Brazil, then the Brazilian Empire, and finally to 1960 — the Republic of Brazil.
The main attraction and the symbol of Rio-de-Janeiro — statue of Christ the Redeemer. It was built about 9 years and opened in October 1931. In 2007, about 90 million Internet users in the vote included a monument among the seven “new wonders of the world”.
The statue of Christ the Redeemer located in the national Park of Tijuca at the top of Corcovado mountain. The height of the monument with pedestal is 38 meters, weight — 635 tons, span is 28 meters.
The highest point in Rio de Janeiro, the sculpture becomes the target for electrical discharges. This files most often why is suffering right hand on it in 2013 and 2014, the lightning were chipping off fragments of his fingers. For Express repair, the statue created a supply of stone from which it is made.
At the foot of the statue at an altitude of 700 meters above sea level is an observation deck with panoramic views of the city and the Bay.
Every year the statue of Christ the Redeemer rises about 2 million tourists. To provide such a flow helps the railroad. It was built in the late XIX century. Its length is 3.8 km path to the top takes 20 minutes.
The idea of erecting the statue of Christ the Redeemer originated in 1921, on the eve of the 100th anniversary of the national independence of Brazil. All parts of the monument were made in France, at the top of Corcovado mountain, they were transported by rail.
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