At least one US state is struggling so much to find enough teachers to keep classrooms open that it will hire teenagers who were high school students themselves less than a year ago as fill-in educators.
The Kansas State Board of Education approved an emergency declaration on Wednesday, temporarily easing the minimum credentials that school districts must require for substitute teachers. The new rules demand only that a candidate be at least 18 years old, have a high school diploma, pass a background check and fill out an application.
Through the rest of the current school year, applicants will no longer be required to have completed at least 60 credit hours of accredited college classes — equivalent to four semesters of full-time coursework — to be licensed as a substitute. Randy Watson, the state’s education commissioner, reportedly told board members that he knows of at least four districts that are on the verge of shutting down their schools because of teacher shortages.
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Derby Public Schools, a district in southeast Kansas, immediately began using the easing of credentials as a recruiting tool, touting Wednesday’s board vote on Twitter. “Having consistent and reliable substitutes is essential to providing exceptional educational experiences to our students,” the district tweeted. “Even signing up for just two days a month makes a huge difference in our schools.”
But state board member Melanie Haas reportedly called the measure a “last resort,” saying some teachers are angry about the lowering of standards because it makes them feel “very devalued.”
Many US school districts were suffering from teacher shortages even before the Omicron variant caused Covid-19 infections to surge to a record high. The rise in new cases has led to crippling staffing disruptions, such as those that caused thousands of US airline flights to be canceled in recent weeks. With more teachers being sidelined, substitutes are called upon increasingly.
States and school districts around the country have adopted various measures to help fill the void. In Virginia, for instance, schools are increasingly hiring college students to teach classes. Elsewhere, some districts have increased pay to attract more substitutes, while others have urged parents to help fill the void.
Northside Independent School District in San Antonio this week told local CBS News affiliate KENS-TV that substitutes are currently teaching about 60% of its classes, and it may ease its normal requirement that fill-in teachers have at least 90 hours of college credits.
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