Nature has given them unusual abilities.
One of the most amazing abilities of animals is the inventiveness with which they use natural “tools”.
1. The wrasse uses “anvil”
We all know how annoying the search somewhere podvalsuhoy can opener when you need to open the jar. Even worse: a bottle of wine — and no corkscrew. But such difficulties do not arise only in humans.
The wrasse — a fish that found a way out of such situations. Generally they feed on small invertebrates, which do not offer resistance, however, from time to time faced with the fact that requires some effort on their part. The wrasse find bivalves, which they can’t eat because of the hard shells, but they have adapted to use stones as anvils to crush them.
2. Octopuses build mobile homes
People tend to put vertebrates into the top of the hierarchy of animals. Curious, but there are many intelligent animals that have no spine. For example, now much more carefully began to study the brain of octopus, seeing that they are more resilient when you have to overcome the difficulties.
They are so smart that in Britain, they awarded the title of honorary invertebrates, and they are under protection of the state. Chasing prey, octopuses use their body supple to slip into the narrow opening, however, the soft body does not protect from predators. The problem of their vulnerability octopus has decided: they dig a coconut shell and use it as a refuge. Was seen as they are, vzhavshis into an empty shell, “go” on the sea floor, protecting itself, therefore, from attack.
3. Crows used cars
Long known that crows are among the most intelligent animals. They demonstrated a wide range of abilities, which are now being studied carefully. But to claim that crows are using cars?
Well, they don’t drive them. However, there is evidence that the crows put the nuts on the road and waiting for him to drive the car, and then come back for the chopped nuts. Scientists argue whether this behavior Raven planned in advance, but is there any point in arguing after the fact, what level of intelligence shown by these birds?
4. Killer beetles carved armor
In the cruel natural environment a good defense could be the difference that determines who to hunt and who will become prey. The killer always needs a good escape plan, and the beetle, the killer is no exception.
This predator feeds on ants and other small insects. He catches them, sucks out the insides, and the remaining husk attaches to the back and wears as armor against predators.
The more “corpses” accumulates on the back of the beetle-killer, the less the likelihood that he will suffer the attack. In a dangerous situation beetle is freed from its “armor” and runs off to live another day. Composite armor is a fairly new trick in the Arsenal of mankind — and it seems the insects have overtaken us in this.
5. Elephants look in a mirror
That can be difficult to use a mirror? Nothing — at least for us. But animals and small children, as a rule, unable to understand what he saw in the mirror is their reflection, not another animal or human.
In science there is the “Mirror test”, which determines the ability to feel in the mirror. Scientists conducted a study that tested whether elephants are the necessary consciousness to use mirrors. They on the heads made a mark. Surprisingly, approaching the mirror, the elephants sent their trunks on the mark on the head, not at his reflection.
6. Otters use stones
We already know how to fish-wrasses break the shells on rocks to get to the loot inside. Otters have the advantage of working limbs, so they can carry stones with me. On the seabed they are looking for stones of certain sizes and shapes that tells about the development of the imagination of these animals. Then they wear their armpits.
As soon as an otter catches of shellfish, it is like a hammer shatters stone of his shell and eats the contents. Otters demonstrate the ability to regulate the process of crushing the shells depending on the shape of the stone that they used for this purpose.
7. Orangutans use the whistle
Some abilities that we have already mentioned, could be considered innate. It remains a curious question: is it possible to teach an animal to use “tools”? It seems that this is possible.
Orangutans seem strangely similar to humans in many aspects, and the ability to learn is one of them. When the orangutan is scared, he makes a whistling noise to scare off the attacker. So do orangutans. But in some populations of these animals have perfected the skill and learned to whistle louder. In all likelihood, it’s an acquired skill, because it is observed only in certain parts of the populations of orangutans.
8. Diggers use “filters” for the mouth
It would seem that the diggers are on the other side of evolution. Living in colonies where only one female is allowed to breed, the rest of the colony spends time constantly swarm the earth in search of food. To alleviate their fate, they came up with a method that makes them more tolerant. The diggers are placed in the mouth piece of bark or plants; it helps them not to inhale the dust and dirt when they teeth dig tunnels.
9. Spiders use stone “alarm”
Crowned spiders live in small burrows in the desert and come out on the surface to capture any suitable prey that was next to them. Thus, they have a limited hunting range. To increase the area in which they can detect prey, spiders choose seven or eight stones of similar size and shape and put them around the entrance to his lair. They often choose quartz. Spiders catch the vibrations from the stones, allowing them to attack prey outside their usual range.
10. Frenemy use the horrific method of bearing offspring
Is there anything more touching than a mother’s love for his children? What could be more beautiful than the picture the mother catches another animal, it eats its insides to use his dead body for the gestation of their offspring? So breed a female frenemy.
Fronima — small invertebrates that live in the sea. When the female frenemy ready to lay eggs, she catches Salpa little geleobraznye body, and eats her insides. Remains a hollow tube in which fronima can transport eggs and young offspring until it is ready to live independently.
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