A place full of mysteries and discoveries.
Antarctica – a wonderful place on our planet! Why? Though, because it actually has not been touched by man. Here, clean water and earth, there is no conventional understanding of time, and even here there is life, which you will not find in any other corner of our planet.
1. Alps to Antarctica
On the southernmost continent of the Earth is the so-called Mountain Gamburtseva. Its name they got names of Soviet and Geophysics of academician George Gamburtseva, the expedition which discovered their existence in 1958. Length of the massif is 1, 300 km, and width from 200 to 500 km. the Highest point of the ridge is situated at altitude 3 390 meters. But most interesting is that these mountains are hidden under the icy array with a thickness from 600 meters to 4 kilometers.
Scientists believe that subglacial lakes in Antarctica can be a life, probably the simplest, however, is very interesting. Though, because she existed and developed (with high probability) for millions of years, being entirely cut off from the rest of the world. Only on the continent more than 140 lakes, the most interesting is the East. The lake is under the 4-kilometer layer of ice. The temperature of the water in it kept at 10 degrees Celsius.
3. Timeless space
In Antarctica there is no time. That is, while there is, of course, but there is no division into familiar time zones. Are there scientists focused in time or on time zones of their countries or across time zones those who gives them supplies.
4. Dry the wet spot on the ground
Antarctica contains about 70% of all fresh water reserves on the planet Earth, however, is the driest place in the world. Of course, all of this water comes in the solid aggregate state. As for precipitation, for the year falls here only 18 mm. For comparison, in the Sahara desert the annual rainfall is 76 mm of precipitation.
5. The pure sea
The Weddell sea is considered the cleanest on our planet. The water is incredibly clear. However, there is nothing surprising in this fact, after all, contaminate is the sea in Antarctica simply no. The water is so pure that it can be free to see objects at a depth of 76 metres! Transparency H2O here actually corresponds to the transparency of distilled water.
6. Icebergs colossi
Local icebergs can be the size of an entire city. The largest iceberg, which broke away from the continent, was 295 kilometers long and 37 kilometers wide! It remains to add that not all icebergs are able to register.
7. Antarctic Internet
Although the continent has no permanent population, it has its own domain name for the Internet and its own telephone country code. The network name is defined with letters “.aq” and the telephone code numbers “672”. And yet Antarctica has its own unofficial currency is the Antarctic dollar.
8. Ice not so much
After all of the above can root the impression that all of Antarctica is covered with ice. In fact it is not. No snow and ice here is really in excess, however, there are vast stony, earthy and sandy valley. There are even dunes in the Equatorial deserts! However, snow is not there not because these places are warmer. Ironically, the weather conditions in places even tougher than in the endless expanses of whiteness. So, in the valleys of McMurdo climbed a wind with a speed of 320 kmh. the Conditions here are very similar to Martian. Even NASA from time to time visited this valley for running their planetary vehicles.
In terms of seismic activity of Antarctica is one of the most peaceful places on earth. Nevertheless, there are volcanoes as dormant and active. In the last 200 years, has erupted, at least two of them. The most famous active volcano of the continent – the Erebus.
10. Gift from outer space
In the area of the land of Ulcis in Antarctica is the biggest asteroid crater on the planet. The diameter of its funnel is 482 kilometers. Scientists believe that he appeared about 250 million years ago. To form such a crater should have been from the fall of the asteroid with a diameter of 48 kilometers. The dust, which was raised this fall, had to hang in the atmosphere for several centuries.
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