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“ZIS-115”: the legendary armored Stalin. Photo

«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. ФотоHe was feared, respected and always gave way.

It’s not about comrade Stalin, but his car ZIS-115. The first armored sedan, released in the USSR. His fate is as interesting as the structure of the machine.

By a strange coincidence, after the death of the Leader of the peoples of this unique car appeared in the backyard of the University named after Bauman, and then disappeared from radar. While in 2002 coming up at the dacha outside Moscow.

«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. Фото

It was like this. To the collector Vadim ZADOROZHNY asked the Professor of MGTU with a request to look at an interesting exhibit. According to him, at his country house remained a vehicle of Museum value. When the fan avtostroy arrived on the scene, before him stood a black sedan, buried in the earth and half-rotten. Zadorozhnyi took a break, but digging in the archives of the factory Likhachev, immediately agreed to buy a rarity.

«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. Фото

The car externally looking exactly like a normal ZIS-110 (a civilian car, which began to develop in the years of the great Patriotic war), actually turned out to be a wolf in sheep’s clothing. ZIS-115, established in 1949 for the party elite, its characteristics differed from the ZIS-110 as the tank of the motorcycle.

«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. Фото

The body is comprised of individual armored panels, such as the European and American counterparts, and was a riveted-welded construction. That is actually the car — bronekapsuly. And at each welded detail was the serial number and name of the manufacturer. That is, if something happens, the onus of responsibility lay on the individual. More on the case can be seen traces of bullets that a particular area was tested for strength.

«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. Фото
«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. Фото

Windows is a complex engineering structure, composed of a 35-mm glass, air gap, viscous acrylic plastic (designed, if necessary, to repay the kinetic energy of the fragments punctured the outer layer), another layer and a special toughened glass, called Stalin. To the Windows did not fog up, Soviet engineers built them in tubes with a special powder that absorbs moisture. The role of the power Windows were hydraulic jacks.

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«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. Фото

It is known that in everyday life, Stalin was an ascetic. But looking at the interior of the ZIS-115, do not tell. Spacious interior, designed for 6-7 persons, decorated with leather, velour and organic wool. Inserts on front panel — made of Karelian birch. The color of the dashboard lights were changed depending on speed. Up to 40 km/h the panel glowed green, at a speed of from 40 to 80 km/h in orange, and over 80 red. Car, recall, was assembled in 1949.

«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. Фото

In short, the creators have worked on glory. Fortunately for them. Because the procedure of putting the “object” took place: enkavedeshniki put the chief engineer and leading designers inside, shut Windows and doors and fired several auto gunfire. No one was hurt, and noted the generous Banquet.

So how does this miracle of technology was at the dacha of Professor Bauman? It turns out that after the death of Stalin (namely his personal car bought by a collector zadorozhnyi, which proves the stamped chassis number — 18), the ZIS-115 was sent to the Likhachev automobile plant for… recycling. However, for unknown reasons, “the armored car” was transferred to MSTU named after Bauman for the various tests. Due to the fact that the car passed under a signature stamp “confidentially”, it was designed as chassis parts kit. Over time, the ZIS-115 was used as a collector car, which transported the cashier of the University. But then refused from this practice — vehicle leader is simply sent to the back yard where it stood for many years until one of the teachers bought it.

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«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. Фото

Zadorozhnyi paid for the car Stalin a tidy sum, and handed over for restoration. Work was conducted not one year. The wizard created a unique model has long gone from life, but was rescued by archival documentation. The work is significantly complicated by the fact that experts could not completely disassemble the car, as usually happens in such cases. Remember, we said that the car, in fact, was a bronekapsuly “wrapper” from ZIS-110? This became the reason for a different approach — if the car was dismantled before the screw, put it back together would have been impossible.

According to old documents, the restorers step by step managed to recreate the exterior of the ZIS-115. And to bring back their original appearance. Outdoor carpet, for example, ordered in Germany. And the process trim was performed by the master, worked all his life on the ZIL and knew the local technology.

«ЗИС-115»: легендарный бронеавтомобиль Сталина. Фото

The restoration took five years and about 200 thousand dollars. After this “armored” even drove 300 km So running-in is subjected to all the restored cars. In the words of the man who ruled the ZIS-115 and dispersed it to 100 km/h, the car retains the excellent handling and relatively well inhibited. During the test the burst one wheel, but a serious accident was avoided.

Now a unique vehicle on display in the Museum of Vadim ZADOROZHNY in settlement Arkhangelsk Moscow region. It is estimated to be at least 3-4 million, not sold. The owner says will not agree for any money.

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