How much for communal pay Ukraine’s neighbors: who is more expensive and why.
In Ukraine this year, utilities was at a record high. Over the past year, has Central heating, hot and cold water, electricity and gas.
Bills for December for many Ukrainians were suddenly “too heavy”. The capital cost of heating a one bedroom apartment on average costs about two thousand hryvnia. The website “Segodnia” find out how much you pay for utilities and neighbors as Ukrainians to spend less.
During the heating season 70% payment for communal heating is. On average, according to experts, for heating two-bedroom apartments have to spend 1.3 Gcal heat tariff “Kyivenergo” – 1841,9 hryvnia. In Russia, for the same amount of heat will have to pay about 1000 hryvnia, in Poland – more than two thousand, and in Minsk – only 245 USD.
In Poland the cost of heating primarily depends on the fare group. An average of 1.3 Gcal can be dispensed to the inhabitants of Warsaw to 2,360 USD. It is worth noting that energy consumption in Poland is three times less than in Ukraine. The heating of one square meter costs of the poles about 2.5 zlotys (16,8 hryvnia). At the same time, at the rate of “Kyivenergo” heating of one square meter costs of 32.9 hryvnia, that is two times more expensive.
In the Russian capital of 1 Gcal of heat costs from 1006 to 2101 ruble. So, on heating a two-bedroom apartment on average will have to spend from 631 to 1,272 USD. The average salary in Moscow more than 25 thousand UAH (in Kiev – 9 thousand hryvnias). However, it is worth noting that the hotel uses Russian gas for domestic consumers much cheaper.
Hot and cold water
One cubic meter of hot water in Kiev is of 83.1 hryvnia. If the family uses five cubic meters per month, only for hot water supply you will have to pay of 415.5 hryvnia. At the same time, cold water in the Ukrainian capital costs 13.77 hryvnia per cubic meter. In Russia 1 cubic meter of cold water is 57,46 rubles (27 USD) and per cubic meter of hot have to pay 163,24 ruble (76 UAH). So, a family who spends a month five cubic meters, will pay 380 USD.
In Belarus cubic meter of cold water costs 68 cents (less than ten hryvnia). But as for the hot water, then Belarusians pay separately for water and separately for thermal energy, which is used for heating.
In Poland, a cubic meter of cold water costs 11 PLN, and a cubic meter of hot – 30 PLN. Accordingly, five cubic meters of water will cost in the thousand (or 150 PLN).
Note, the tariff for water supply in Ukraine expects each company separately. The tariff components one for all: depreciation, salaries, electricity, repairs, taxes, etc. the share of these components at each enterprise is different: it depends on the hardware and network status, and the level of wages. The city Council approves the programme of development of the enterprise and considering the planned rate, the final decision of the national Commission of regulation of energy and utilities (NKREKU). The main requirement of the Commission rate must cover all costs and include depreciation.
In 2017, as stated in the presentation NKREKU, cold water for Ukrainians to rise on average by 9%. Kyivvodokanal plans to raise the rate of 16.4%, the largest rise in prices is expected in the “Zhytomyrvodokanal” – 18.2%. At the same time in the southern water will rise by only 6.2%.
It should be noted that the cost of hot water for the Ukrainians is different in different regions. So, in Kuznetsovsk of Rivne region 14,88 cubic meters worth UAH, and clients as one of CTV in Dnepropetrovsk will be forced to pay 85,83 UAH for the same amount of hot water.
In 2015 the national Commission decree №220 approved a gradual increase in the cost of electricity. The last stage is in March 2017. Now the Ukrainians for every 1 kWh when the consumption is less than 100 kW are paid to 71.4 cents, and the first of March will pay 90 cents. If consumption more than 100 kWh each kWh until March will still be worth 129 cents, and after Mar – 168 cents.
For example, if the family uses 200 kWh per month, until the first of March will have to pay for electricity to 200, 4 hryvnia, and after March 2017 258 USD.
In Poland, 1 kWh costs 0,65 zł and 200 cubic meters of poles have to pay 130 zlotys, or 870 USD. In Belarus for the same amount of light will have to pay a total of 335 USD, and in Russia – about UAH 500.
As noted in the national Commission, to gradually increase tariffs for Ukrainians was performed to eliminate cross-subsidies and adjustment of prices for these resources up to the level of the market.
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