The Russians are owed for utility services half a trillion rubles, and every year this amount continues to grow, although 95% of citizens regularly pay receipts.
According to the Ministry of the Russian Federation for the first quarter of 2019 debt of Russians for housing and communal services increased by 28.7 billion rubles compared with the first quarter last year, and the total amount of debt reached 564 billion rubles. The number of defaulters not only citizens, but also non-profit associations, cooperatives and partnerships, and management companies. About the same for utility services owed to legal entities, except for budget organizations. So why defaults have skyrocketed, “Rosbaltu” said the Executive Director of the national centre of public control in the sphere of housing and communal services “housing Control” Svetlana Razvorotneva.
“On the one hand, we have the Dodgers. It is usually, people are of two types: either very marginal, which is nothing to take, and who just spit on the neighbors or the owners of investment apartments, which is also understand that it is possible for something not to pay, and for them it will be nothing,” — said the expert.
The system of obtaining debt in respect of such categories is still not formed. “There are different ways of exposure, including the operation of utilities — electricity, water. If you don’t pay for major repairs, for heat, for maintenance and repair, it cannot be disabled. To evict him from the apartment too. Therefore, ways of impact on these debtors are almost there. Debts accumulate, and the volume of the total amount of debt owed to resursniye growing,” she said. Attempts to obtain from the debtor the money through the courts also do not always work. “Even if the court adopted the relevant decision, the bailiffs are not very willing to work with such a small debt. According to statistics, generally half of court decisions are not executed. In housing percentage, I think, even more. It turns out that the part of defaulters to take nothing, and to the rest of the bailiffs often simply do not reach” — said Razvorotneva.
On the other hand, according to the statistics 95% of Russians pay taxes. “As the remaining 5% could amass such a gigantic debt which is declared by the Ministry of construction, an open question”, — said the interlocutor of “Rosbalt”. In its view, this amount could only for a very long time, which suggests that utility providers do not conduct systematic work with debtors.
“I believe that debts are rising due to poverty, in my opinion, wrong. We have a system of housing subsidies. If payment of communal takes 22% of the total income of the family, and in many regions below this threshold, for example, in Moscow — 10%, in Volgograd — 15%, it is possible to issue a grant. But every year, the money allocated on such support are not used, are returned to the budget. Why can’t people appeal if they are not able to pay — the big question,” says Razvorotneva.
The lack of accurate data on consumers is also contributing to the debt situation. “So, with the beginning of the garbage of the reform most regions everywhere has moved to a new system of waste management, announced the regional operators, which have put the payments in the absence of adequate databases. For example, in the Moscow region are charged by square meters, but no one really knows who has what area. Therefore, the exhibited bills everybody — dead, alive, on the basis that they live in a room of 200 square meters. And one should go in ERKTS to prove that the area of the smaller. Or that my grandmother died in the apartment no one lives. And all the while the debt accumulated, included in the statistics,” she notes. That is, the increase in debt was partly due to errors in the posting, and the real debt could be much less.
“Some debts can simply be invented. But it has more to do not with management companies, and with the same regional operators for handling MSW. For example, in the regions where the fee is charged by square meters, people pay for absolutely all areas they have in the property. Despite the fact that in one of their apartments, for example, man does not live, and trash dumping, and therefore in principle does not consume the service, not have to pay for it. But the payment is credited, the debt accumulates. In regions where the pay on the number of living, people are obliged to pay for the premises, which defines the zero of the owners. Although there is also, obviously, the garbage is not possible. All this is a gross violation of the principle of providing communal services that should be paid only for the actual consumption. However, all of these debts also fall into General statistics”, — said the expert.
There are other examples. So, according to Razvorotneva, the fee for a block of flats often takes into account the area of all attics, basements all the time, no matter there is light, there is none. It turns out that people are overpaid, and those who do not pay, should be more than is actually consumed services and resources.
There is also lack of systematic work with debtors. “In respect of the overhaul only 7% of debts from 2014, was sent to the court. Why resursnyi don’t do that? Need to pay a fee. And not the fact that the bailiff will collect the debt and legal fees the company has already spent. The result -non-payment lead to a difficult situation in the industry, or are distributed among conscientious consumers,” — said the expert.
Recently debts for utility services prohibited to transfer to collectors, but, according to the source Agency, this approach had not particularly practiced. Lawmakers trying to improve working with the defaults. If earlier each debtor have to sue separately, you can now submit the names list. Began to restrictions on travel abroad. Officers got the opportunity to write off the debts directly from Bank cards. In some regions of the debtors are caught by the numbers of cars the traffic police. But any radical system solutions are not accepted.
“In the Baltic States, for example, debtors from their apartments at the time of move in maneuverable Fund, their housing rent until such time as the debt is repaid. Cases not so much, but the law very effectively. But Russia is no Fund for maneuvering, and yet the state likes to protect debtors, for some reason, to the detriment of honest taxpayers” — said Razvorotneva.
And yet, in her opinion, the worst defaulters among individuals is not so much the Russians are trying to regularly pay receipts, often — even when you disagree with the billed amount. Another thing, for example, government organizations, homes and institutions belonging to the authorities. “These are never paid, especially, the Ministry of defense, neither for utility nor for the repair. So we have plenty of cases of home defense and the Ministry of agriculture, where every year with the onset of cold heat serve after a huge scandal because of the astronomical debt”, — concluded the expert.
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