The blogger showed how the Tokyo subway.
Metro in Tokyo appeared in 1927, the year after Japanese businessman Hayakawa Noritsugu returned from a trip to Europe inspired the underground railroad. In quite a short time he collected the necessary capital and made Asia’s first subway line. To date, the Tokyo subway ranks first in the world by number of passengers carried per year – 3.1 billion people (8.5 million) and consists of 304.5 km of pathways and 290 stations (in Moscow 318 and 190, respectively). By the way, not so long ago, the Tokyo metro inferior to Moscow on annual passenger traffic. In Tokyo, in addition to the subway, passengers are served by JR and the many private railway lines.
Most residents, regardless of status prefer personal transport. Subway in Tokyo is very clean, comfortable and safe. Almost all companies pay their employees a ticket from home to work.
Tokyo metro is operated by two competing companies. Most of the lines belongs to a private Tokyo Metro, more
a few are managed by the Tokyo municipal transport Bureau. As these companies are completely independent, if you are transferring from some lines to others you need to buy a separate ticket (this does not apply to those who use universal magnetic travel). About 85% of the metro lines runs underground, and only 15% of the surface affected by the lack of land and its cost.
Underground lines are laid at relatively small depths from 6 to 39 metres. The highest overground station is located on the 3rd floor of the Mall, at a height of 14.5 meters.
The scheme of the lines of the Tokyo subway:
It should be noted that metro and other systems of railway transport is quite heavily integrated, some stations and lines connected. Often subway trains continue on their journey without stopping as commuter trains and Vice versa. In fact, on most lines is not the third rail and the contact wire as the train. There are standard metro line contact rail, the track width on them is different.
Navigating the Tokyo metro is not as complicated as it might seem at first glance. The only bad thing is that if you drive your station, the more often it will be impossible to get back on the train on the opposite platform (as in Moscow), need to walk a bit to the right.
In the Tokyo subway 13 branches, each displayed in a different colour and letter.
Since 2004, the year for ease of navigation became even numbered station. Therefore, if a hard time with Japanese names, you can just remember that you need to get from the station G3 to the M8. By the way, the long name of the metro station sounds like “Roppongi itema”.
Despite the fact that the distances between stations, providing direct access sometimes can reach 800m, to get lost quite difficult due to the abundance of signs.
Trains run on schedule, which, unfortunately, is not always available in English. In the morning on some lines go high-speed trains, which pass the part stops. Each line has a set time for your “first” and “last” train. Usually it is about 5 am and 12 PM, respectively.
When you get close to the last train, the station workers start loudly telling you this, potoraplivaya passengers and strongly encourage those managed. Often, having missed the last train, there is no other choice but to stay overnight in the nearest capsule hotel or a manga cafe. For these purposes, also suitable karaoke.
That may sound really complicated, so is the exit of the subway. The same station may be more than a dozen different outputs are numbered as A1, A2, C3, and so forth, some of them can be quite distant from each other.
Just beyond the turnstile always hangs a map showing the location of exits. Part of the exits leads directly into the building. Typically, input and output use the same turnstiles, but during peak hours some of them work only in one direction.
Next to them is bound to have on-duty employees whom to contact with any questions. Unfortunately, in English they practically do not speak or understand, but struggling to explain on the fingers, they can get a metro map in any language.
Tickets are sold in vending machines at the entrance to the station, and different carriers have different machines with tickets. Since some stations is the entrance not only in metro but also on other railway lines, it is important not to confuse the machine. The fare depends on the distance and varies from 1.3 to 4 dollars. Hanging above the cash detailed diagrams with the rates to each station.
In case you’re further away than originally paid, again there is a vending machine where you can pay the difference, and then the turnstile will release you. There are the usual ticketing with live cashiers, but they only be used to process different kinds of travel documents. In fact, the abundance of different lines and hubs makes disposable tickets is very inconvenient, so many use universal magnetic cards Suica/Pasmo, which has recently been valid in the entire country and all modes of public transport including buses and the tram.
Money on the card can be put in any ticket machine, where you can also purchase the card itself. For cardholders there is a special turnstile without a slot for receiving paper tickets in order to separate them from the slow queue for those who have less appreciate the time and continues to buy single tickets.
In addition to the primary purpose, the card can pay for purchases at kiosks, vending machines and even some supermarkets with just one touch.
On different branches of the subway ride different models of trains of different length trains. Depending on line congestion allowed to train at 6, 8 and 10 cars. On the busiest operated special cars with wide doors 180 cm instead of the standard 130. There are cars with the amount of doors more than usual, in such very few seats.
On the platform, always color codes to show the exact place where will be the doors after a stop of each train type. The train type is announced on the scoreboard with the schedule. Focusing on these designations, passengers line up in an orderly queue, no kicking, no one crawls forward. First come, first entered.
Escalators the Japanese, too, always stand in an orderly queue:
Every day in the Tokyo subway runs about 6 thousand compositions. By the way, scary video about a special pushers in the Tokyo subway, stuffing people into cars hands and feet, is no longer relevant. All this actually took place, but somewhere in the 90s. Now the crush is not the same, peak short, and the pushers are very passive.
In the evening, usually the last car of the composition becomes exclusively female, as drunken office workers sometimes don’t mind Pat women priests (Japanese women are so bashful that often suffer in silence).
Metro station is hardly a surprise from an aesthetic point of view, especially following Moscow underground stations-palaces. There are no architectural frills – low ceilings, monotonous solid walls. But everything is practical, functional and comfortable.
Absolutely all stations have toilets always very clean, and along with the usual obligatory cabins for people with disabilities.
Often there are vending machines or mini-kiosks, and different pleasant things – mirrors, benches for waiting, drinking fountains
fountains for washing the feet, and so on.
At the entrance to any station there is a very convenient storage lockers – coin locker. It costs $ 3-5 per day depending on the size of the box and enjoys wild popularity, find an empty box sometimes takes a little time.
An interesting feature of some Tokyo metro stations – air cooling system using ice. Inside the station there is a special room with the tanks in which the night freeze the ice and the next day used for air conditioning inside the station. This system helps to significantly reduce the cost of electricity.
The scheme of the system.
Much attention is paid to security issues. The safety system is based on multiple surveillance cameras at stations and in transitions and the work of many of the station employees. On the speaker without interruption, please do not approach the edge of the platform, provide information and arriving and departing trains. Before closing the door plays a warning tune.
A lot of alerts and in trains, warn about areas with sharp turns, the possibility of sudden stop of the train on rainy days, please do not forget the umbrellas.
On some platforms, for security purposes, are special barriers. It helps in controlling in the popular Japanese pastime of jumping under a train in a fit of depression. By the way, suicides are a major cause of failures in the schedule of high-precision subway.
The first such barrier was installed in 1991 and was the full height of the station. Now more common half-barriers are of a height slightly less than the height of a man. The gate they are equipped with numerous sensors to open simultaneously with the doors of the train and in order not to accidentally jams passengers.
In the future we plan to install them at all metro stations. The latest trend of technology moving barriers, in which the gate is automatically adjusted to the parameters of the arriving train. Important for lines where trains of different models.
Another manifestation of concern about passengers leaving the platform step, which covers the gap between the train and platform. It also syncs with the train and the gate barrier.
Despite the fact that in the Tokyo subway, all the trains are controlled by machinists, most of them are automated which allows with great accuracy to stop the train, respectively, markings and barriers.
Comfort are not only the station, but the subway cars. In winter, the seats are heated in the summer – the cars definitely are air-conditioned. Despite the fact that after the earthquake Japan is in the power saving mode, in the hot summer time the car can be freezing cold, of course, if you are “sarariman” in jacket and tie. For the elderly, and just those who are cold, there are cars of the weak air conditioning. They have the usual ceiling fan.
Glass cars protect from ultraviolet radiation, the Windows always have the curtains – blinds. Above the seats is a shelf that are all actively used. The crime rate is low enough to safely leave their belongings on the shelves and peacefully fell asleep.
Unlike the old wagons of the Moscow metro, there is a possibility of transition between cars. The seats are quite low, by adapting the Japanese growth, the same applies to the low-positioned handrails.
In the Tokyo subway care about the disabled:
To give way to the metro why it is not accepted, except for special so-called priority seats. Next to these places are strongly advised to disable the mobile phone so as near can be elderly people with a tool to support the work of the heart, and the phone can
to create interference. They have a special key rings and stickers, giving the others know about the availability of the device.
There are still charms for pregnant women to ensure their seats
In other cases, the phone ask to be put on silent mode in Japan, it is called manner mode. To talk on the phone in public transport is considered bad manners, so you can see infrequently. Even outside of public transport keep all phones on silent mode.
Great attention is paid to the issue of manners in the metro. At every step and in every car place is quite nice posters illustrating how to do. Posters new release every month, you can collect an art gallery.
The Japanese have no particularly religious feelings, so they are difficult to offend.
With his political correctness is also not particularly bother.
Be careful with the bags:
A poster from the time when on the platforms it was possible to smoke except peak hours.
Please do not overstep the line.
The posters are up, not only to remind about good manners, but also to inform all about various developments in the field of safety and comfort. A very detailed account of what was, what will be done and why.
All prohibitions are also accompanied by a detailed explanation of the reasons. Often on posters you can read about how to restore the schedule after the occurrence of delays and a lot of other useful information.
In addition, Metro is also quite popular and profitable brand. Featuring metro-fans of the mini-boutiques and a huge online store where you can buy anything with the symbols of the subway. However, the interest of foreigners it is not intended, therefore, English version of the site no.
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