Not everyone knows about these unusual instances.
It is considered that in the USSR the machines were very simple, utilitarian and slow-moving. But actually this is not so. The review presents first the Russian and Soviet car designed specifically for racing and speed records. Most of them have a difficult history and a difficult path to success.
Racing cars factory, Russo-Balt
In 1910-ies in Russia there was very little, but was held the first race. As in Europe, the main competition was rally. In those years it did not build racing tracks and competitions conducted on normal roads for long distances. Cars for the competition also were often made on the basis of serial models. The first race car of Russia can be called the Russo-Balt C24, which existed in several versions.
Russo-baltique C24/55, the preparation for the Rally Monte Carlo, 1911.
Russo-Balt C24/50 Rally Monaco, 1912.
Russo-baltique C24/58 “Russian cucumber”.
Russo-baltique C24/58 after the races, 1913.
And if the first modification it looked like an ordinary double cars, C24/58 was the first special prototype. Large, streamlined green car was nicknamed the “Russian cucumber”. Its a 4.9-liter engine developed a record for that time 58 HP top speed 120 -130 km/h.
Cars prepared to race for one mile. With the machine removed the acetylene lights, wings, bumpers, running boards, spare tanks, canvas convertible top, and the weight has decreased almost twice.
Car Russo-Balt competed at competitions in Russia and abroad. After a particularly successful racing sales of new cars significantly increased.
The first Soviet racing car
GAS-a-Sport Russian driver Anton Girela.
For many years the country was in a situation where it was not up to Motorsport. And then for the machine came from fans. At the end of the 1930-ies, several enthusiasts have collected their own versions of racing cars. In 1937 at the Zhytomyr highway near Kiev they had a race at the mile, where he met GAZ-BUT Girela, GAZ-tsaks Capulina, GAS-AND Zharov and GAS-AND Kleshchev. It was all machines on the obsolete chassis of the GAZ-A, with the old 4-cylinder motors. As a result, they established all-Union speed records did not even reach the record of Imperial Russia: 142.5 km/h.
ZIS-101A-sport is a sports car based limo.
Avtomobil looks no worse than Western machines.
In 1938 in the experimental shop of the Moscow Plant named after Stalin three young workers began an initiative to develop a sports car. The basis they took the best of the Soviet limousine ZIS-101. However, this is not the best base for sports car – he’s 2.5 tons of weight, but scouts and such on the shoulder.
Inline 8-cylinder engine ZIS-101 was boosted. With the increase of displacement from 5.8 to 6.1 liters capacity has grown by half – from 90 to 141 HP
The car was shown to Stalin. He, like other members of the Politburo, the machine liked. ZIS-101A-Sport experienced on the track, it has a top speed of 168 km/h.
Victory-Sport – the first Soviet post-war sports car.
Design your Soviet car for setting speed records was assigned to the aviation engineer A. A. Smolin. Under his leadership the new Soviet car M20 “Victory” has undergone a series of transformations. A new hull was made of duralumin, the roof lowered, the tail is made pointed. On the cowl there was “nostrils” for better air intake. The bottom of the car turned out completely flat. In the end it turned out quite easy – just 1200 kg.
The car mounted 2.5-liter “Gazovskih” engine. In the productive version, with a compressor “roots”, the maximum power increased to 105 HP, with a speed of up to 190 km/h.
There were built five cars, which set a new national record speed when riding long distances.
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