At the time this film won the Oscar.
11 February 1980 on the screens released film Vladimir Menshov “Moscow does not believe in tears” — a lyrical story about the fate of three friends-provincials who came to conquer the capital. A year later, the American film Academy awarded picture with its highest award — the “Oscar”, considering it the best foreign film that year.
Today, the plot of the Oscar-winning film everyone knows. The film, as riasanovsky “the Irony…”, — an indispensable attribute of the Christmas holidays. But few people know that initially the script was different and the actors are not eager to work with Menchov. Let’s find out how Director and his team managed to create a popular film.
1. Uninteresting script
“The script I didn’t react immediately”, — later recalled Vladimir Menshov. Because Ian fried, an outstanding writer and Director (“twelfth night”, “masquerade”, “don Cesar de Bazan”, etc.), which in the late 70-ies of the last century were in great authority, thought the story, written by Valentin Chernykh, uninteresting.
“The only thing that attracted me, this is a wonderful move, when Katerina gets a clock and crying falls asleep and wakes up after a few years, and wakes up a grown daughter. I even thought at first that just missed a few pages. And when I realized that this is the decision — jump in 20 years, the idea worked”. However, the Director still suggested Valentina Black drastically alter the material. He flatly refused, and revision had to take myself Menshov. In the end, instead of 60 pages turned more than 90, and a new storyline, new characters. For example, the story of a drunken hockey player Gurin or scene in the club — originally Black they were not. There was a scene with Smoktunovsky that “late starts” acting career.
According to the original script, the main character Ekaterina Tikhomirova is the Director of the plant and the Deputy of Moscow city Council — had to the voters. “Boring!” — decided Menchov and sent it to the Dating club, where the headmistress, which was brilliantly played by Liya Akhedzhakova, began to Woo her for “employee of the cupola is very responsible, only fifty-three years.”
Instead of the festival of French film Catherine and Ludmila had to watch as the Argentine Embassy drive… invited to a diplomatic reception. And only at the insistence of Menchov ambassadors have replaced movie stars Smoktunovsky, Yumatov and Konyukhova, and “fords” and “Buicks” — a domestic Perspective and “Winning”.
2. In the USSR there is no sex
From Rudik, according to the scenario, was not only an activist mother, but the father — of Crustaceans, Sr., a Turner by profession. In the television station in Shabolovka, where Rodion invites Katerina, originally was to remove the WHC. But then to build the huge hall did not become, having decided to replace KVN shooting “Blue light”, which was considered a card of the Soviet television.
Some scenes Menchov specially made more domestic. Hero Batalov gosh, instead of sitting in front of the TV to watch a hockey game, drinking beer, undertook to repair a vacuum cleaner. Many of the phrases are cut in the process of installation. For example, in the scene when Nicholas finds a home in response to a strong drunk and have them converse, removed the airline name. “What’s going on in the world?” — asked gosh, pouring. “There is no stability, — he meets Nicholas. — The terrorists have once again hijacked the aircraft company “air France”. So, “air France”, to avoid international problems, decided to cut. And if, according to the scenario of Black, gosh and nick singing “By don walks young Cossack”, in the movie they just cut taranco.
By the way, because in those days, as you know, in the Soviet Union of sex was not greatly curtailed and the meeting of the heroine with the hero Tabakov in his apartment, considering it too revealing. Upstairs felt that the actors were “outplayed” and “too hastily undressed”. In the work on the painting Vladimir Menshov had to overcome the resistance, and a private crew, disparagingly referred to the “cheap melodrama”. Some of the Actresses probabilties on the role of the heroine, just left.
3. And who do we have gosh?
The role of Gosha, according to Vladimir Menshov, auditioned many actors, including Vitaly Solomin, Vyacheslav Tikhonov, Oleg Efremov, Leonid Dyachkov. However, the Director never approved. In desperation, he decided to play the main character. But then the TV was a picture of “my man” with Alexey Batalov and Menchov knew immediately who he must call for the role of Gosha. But there is already physically stunted. His script was not impressed, and the role of the intellectual-the mechanic, he himself is not really seen. But, in the end, agreed. Alexander Fatyushin first auditioned for the role of Nikolai, but Menchov gave it to Boris Smorchkov, the actor, who was better simple Russian guys. Then Fatyushina was offered the role of hockey player Gurin. Later fetusin admitted that he was very fond of his character, however, regretted that many were not included in the final version of the painting. As, for example, the scene in the Palace of sports “Luzhniki”: the Soviet national team played the match with the Swedes, and Gurin became the hero of this meeting. But most of it was sorry the last cut scene.
Towards the end of the film we all gathered at the cottage. Three heroines sitting on the bench, singing. And there was supposed to be Gurin: side tie, shirt inside out, with him some deadbeat. Gurin starts bickering with his ex-wife Lyudmila because of the threefold, and hanyga yells at her: “You talk to him like that? This Gurin, I’m in his matches has grown as a person!” But the leaders of the then state Committee for cinematography on this scene said, “No, quit means quit. Team player, albeit former, not so fall”.
4. Pair for Batalov
With the candidates for the main female role, the case also was not easy. The management of “Mosfilm” recommended Menshova Anastasia Vertinskaya, Zhanna Bolotova, Irina Kupchenko, Valentin Telichkina. “Boring!” — in one voice they said, reading the script.
Auditioned and Margarita Terekhova. But when Yungvald-Khilkevich offered her the role of Milady in “the Three Musketeers”, she unconditionally chose her. Actress Natalya Sayko samples passed, but when the role of Gosha took Batalov, was that they look bad together. Began to look for an actress “under Batalov”. Then came Vera Alentova.
But the role of the shy guy Tosi auditioned Galina Polish, Lyudmila Zaitseva, Natalia Andreichenko and Nina Ruslanova, however, convincing all looked Raisa Ryazanova, which the Council approved. The Polish was offended by Menchov, not understanding how he could do such a thing to her to offer, and Ruslanova — because not taken. Irina Muravyova, who she then admitted that when he first saw the picture on the timeline, wept with resentment. “My character didn’t like me, talked like an actress. — Raw, uncensored, sometimes vulgar. Everything I hated in life and in people, came out on the screen”. However, the role of Ludmila became one of the most memorable works of the actress. By the way, Muravyov, the Director found by chance, seeing in one of the dramas.
5. Girls without age
During the filming of the movie Vera Alentova was 37 years old, Raisa Ryazanova — 35, Irina Muravyova — 30. Before the actress had a very difficult task — to play his heroines 19-year-old naive provincial women, and then the same two decades later. And with that the actress handled it very well. Makeup artists and costume designers also did a great job. Alexei Batalov was 11 years older than his character. But the screen is not there.
6. In 40 years life only begins
The painting Menchov in the fact that there are no bit parts. Zoya Fedorova (the clipboard lady from the hostel) and Vladimir Basov (Deputy chief of Central Board Anton) is just as important as the main characters. “For me it was very important that Bass said that “in 40 years life only begins” — has explained later the Director. — And then I had to think of something to play. It’s clear that dancing with the youth, he will not. Than to distinguish him from other guests? And the fact that he had some stomach problems, and he, you old bastard, all trying “to stick”, and the toilet does not get out. And once it becomes clear what it’s for. The role of a Concierge in the scenario were not even registered. And then we came up with “introduce” her to the circle of heroines — she’s on the phone “Hello” says, and Katerina from the hospital meets. For Zoe Fedorova this work turned out to be the last.”
7. Alexander did not become a diplomat
Only thanks to Alexey Batalov in the role of the daughter of the main character Alexandra was played by Natalya Vavilova, who starred in the debut picture Menshov “Drawing” still a schoolgirl. Natasha’s parents were against her acting future, proaciv her serious career — staged training at the Ministry of foreign Affairs, was prepared in the Institute.
Filming began without Alexandra, and then Menshov came up with a great idea. To persuade parents, he sent Batalov. Seeing the famous actor, they are unable to refuse. In addition, the Director, has promised that the girl will easily be able to combine study and work. After filming Vavilov dropped courses, he entered the film Institute and became an actress.
8. Brezhnev loved it!
The finished picture was taken by hudsovet “Mosfilm”. The members of the Council rather evasively spoke about the film. “And the Director of “Mosfilm” Sizov, a very harsh and unsentimental people, angry cautious praise, suddenly said: “I think that this picture have so many prizes and people love fuck!” — told Vladimir Menshov. But in private conversation with me, asked to be cut from the film’s most candid moments. “Grishin, the country will look and say “then Again, you love doing!” But I rested and did not cut more than what has already been cut. The film went on giving to the top management of the country. When I asked Sizova, as there Grishin, the Director of “Mosfilm” waved his hand: “come on Greg! Brezhnev loved it!” The fate of the film was decided.”
9. Somehow it will resolve itself
In the first year, the film looked 85 million people. “Moscow…” I bought a hundred countries of the world. The world were the triumphant premiere of the picture, which always missing one person — the Director Menshov. “Why I was not allowed out of the country? — he reasoned later. — Nobody said why. The chiefs just looked down, “Well wait, things somehow resolve.” Only years later I learned that at me were two of the denunciation. From my colleagues. My “misconduct” was that after dismissal of Podgorny I expressed surprise why, they say, the resignation of the second person in the country has occurred with no explanation. And the second accusation was dedicated to my admiration for the number of products in some overseas shop. That was enough. And I thought that Home was sold, the plans of a secret factory issued”.
10. Reagan watched 8 times
When I received the invitation to the ceremony “Oscar” (the Americans sent him to the home address Menshov), the Director once again was not released. The award came as a cultural attaché for the Soviet Embassy. The next day all the Newspapers it was written that “Oscar” was awarded employee of the KGB.
The Director himself about what became the laureate of the most prestigious movie awards of the world (which, by the way, material reward), learned immediately. On the day of the ceremony, on 31 March, he tried to listen to “Voice of America”, but because of “jamming” so nothing was dismantled. The phone call came the morning of 1 April, and Menchov decided that this is someone’s prank. But he was invited to the state.
The Golden statue of “Oscar” was Vladimir Menchov many years after the ceremony. Only in 1989 at the ceremony of the award “Nika” Vladimir Menshov decided to give him an Oscar. It was assumed that behind the scenes, the Director will give the statuette back to the state where she was all these years and was stored, but Menchov took it with him.
According to Vladimir Menshov, the US President Ronald Reagan, in preparation for a meeting with Mikhail Gorbachev in 1985, at least eight times I saw the film “Moscow does not believe in tears”, to understand the mysterious Russian soul.
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