Scientists have discovered the mangled remains without teeth and with a lot of damage to buried 9.5 thousand years ago.
An international group of scientists under the leadership of the Institute of evolutionary anthropology of max Planck in Leipzig (Germany) found in a rocky grotto of Lapa do Santa (Central Brazil) first evidence of ritual burials.
The results were published in the journal Antiquity.
People first began to use the Lapa do Santa for burials more than 10 thousand years ago. Scientists have discovered the mangled remains without teeth and with a lot of damage to buried 9.5 thousand years ago. At this time, there was already a strict order, which was the burial.
Among the remains found the skull, which are composed of human bone, confirming the presence of a complex burial rituals among the paleo-Indians. However, the remains of a later period buried otherwise, that testifies to the dynamic development of the rituals of the people that inhabited South America. Scientists have discovered a total of 26 human burials.
According to anthropologists, in the cave of Lapa do Shant people lived at least 12 thousand years ago. In 2007, in the course of excavations the scientists stumbled upon the burial place (a fragment of the skull, mandible, six cervical vertebrae, and two severed hands). In 2000-ies in the grotto of Lapa do Shant also found the oldest in South America the remains of Homo sapiens and cave frescos with the image of a giant phallus.
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