The Sagrada Familia is located in Barcelona.
One of the main decorations of Barcelona (Spain) is Sagrada família, or the Sagrada Familia. It is a wonderful combination of architectural genius Antonio gaudí and the Gothic revival style. Build a Church that resembles a fancy sand castle, can’t finish now 134 years.
The first architect, who undertook the construction of the Expiatory temple of the Holy Family, or Sagrada Familia Church (Temple Expiatori de la Sagrada Familia) was Francisco del Villar, but not Antoni Gaudi, as is commonly believed. The construction of the temple was carried out only at the expense of donations of townspeople.
Initially the architect planned to create a neo-Gothic Basilica in the form of a traditional Latin cross. Shortly after the start of the work to Francisco del Villar had disagreements with the Church Council. He realized that you have to look for another job. Popular legend has it that del Villar saw his successor in the dream, it was the image of a young man with incredibly blue eyes. The way it came out. But in fact, Antoni gaudí was a pupil of the architect, and took over the work for much less than his eminent colleagues.
Gaudí radically departed from the original plan and began to translate into reality his vision of the temple. According to his idea in the Church of the Holy Family should be built 18 towers: 12 small identical structures are meant to symbolize the number of the apostles, 4 towers of the evangelists. One tower is designed in honor of our lady, and another, very high (170 meters), located in the center of the ensemble, is intended to embody Christ. It is worth noting that the tallest structure is still not built.
Antoni gaudí dedicated the creation of the temple of the 42 years of his life. When he realized that the construction of Sagrada Familia is not completed by his death, the master began to pay more attention to fancy interior decoration of the temple. The skeptics who disagree with the unconventional appearance of the Church, claimed that the structure will collapse. Today’s experts are of the opinion that the Sagrada Familia will manage to survive even during an earthquake with a magnitude up to 7 points.
The temple consists of three facades: Nativity, Passion and Resurrection. The navity facade decorated with sculptures of flora and fauna. Interestingly, for the scene of the slaughter of the innocents, the wizard made casts of stillborn children. To obtain plaster casts of animals in natural size, gaudí used chloroform, useplease them on time. As noted by the architect himself, he sought to create such a temple looking at which I smiled to the angels from the sky.
After the death of Antoni gaudí, in 1926, raised the issue of continuing the construction of the temple. Many have spoken out against since he feared that the style of the famous architect is not so easy to repeat. Architect josé Acebillo spoke about inexpediency to continue the work: “It’s like that to attach arms to the Venus de Milo.”
But the construction was continued by a colleague of Antonio Gaudi by Domenekom Supranusa. 1936 was unlucky for the Sagrada Familia: first, because of the outbreak of the civil war, construction was suspended, and second, a fire destroyed all the drawings of Gaudi, many of which failed to restore.
Despite the fact that work on the construction of the Sagrada Familia continues to this day, 7 November 2010 the Church was consecrated by the Pope Benedict XVI and officially opened for worship. The government of Spain declares that long to finish the construction of the temple will be possible by 2026.
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