Nervous better not to look.
You know all your neighbors? Sure? Some of them are so small that just never make it out. Insects live in almost every home. It’s a fact: even if you don’t see them, it almost always means “roommates” very successfully hidden. In some cases insects in the apartment is completely harmless, but some species pose a serious danger not only for products and things, but for the man himself. In General, meet.
For millennia people sought asylum from the first caves, then built shelters out of tree branches and leaves, and making tents out of animal skins. As time went on, and has developed additional tools, mankind started to build houses made of strong wood and stone houses were built. And always, from the first houses, next to the man lived different insects. Today we see the intruders, and prefer to live without them. But if you think about it, they were before us and will after us. For your attention presented with a list of 15 small creatures with whom you might share your home. They are also called Sinanthropus (not domesticated plants and micro-organisms, whose way of life is associated with man and his dwellings, e.g. cockroaches, house flies, house mice, bed bugs).
Spiders are probably one of the most common creatures with whom we share our homes, and some of these arachnids will appear in this list more than once. In nature there is a great variety of spiders, more than 45,000 different types. Overall, the spiders have spread out around the world over the past 200 million years, which mainly is the reason for their wide distribution and diversity. Nothing wrong with a spider in the house does, sometimes even benefits — catches the flies. Our ancestors had a great many omens associated with spiders, mostly positive. They say spiders are harbingers of good things. But perhaps if we are too trusting of signs, completely overgrown with cobwebs.
14. Ground beetles
Just like spiders, bugs, a very ancient and well-adapted to survival creatures. Only one carabid beetles in the world with over 40,000 species, and in our homes, these insects come without an invitation. The most common is the grain beetles. They are usually cause damage to the crops in the fields, but increasingly found in ordinary apartments. In the flat grain beetle creeps, only if she likes the environment. As soon as the insect gets into the house when it is dark, it is sent to look for food (crumbs left on the table food, cereals). Ground beetles interfere with sleep, rustling, falling from the ceiling onto the bed or directly to you. And if they found food, then the next step will be their reproduction. So if the grain beetles appeared in the house, an urgent need to take action.
Wise cricket, who gave advice to Pinocchio might have looked otherwise. And the usual crickets are creepy insects, sometimes of enormous size. The sign says – if there’s a cricket in the house, it is the happiness and well-being. But the people of this “happiness” was attended in large numbers, do not share this view and are looking for ways to get rid of them. In the world there are about 2,3 thousand of species of these insects, of which on the territory of Russia there are only about 50. Most of them lives in the subtropical and tropical countries. The most famous species is the field cricket and the house cricket. Cricket house in the southern part of the country lives in apartments, and in nature. In the Central and Northern regions it lives only in houses next to the man, while he prefers the old warm rooms with high humidity. These insects live and breed in a flooded basement warm. Sometimes crickets can spoil food, and even things in the apartment, as well as mol. Therefore, although the sign and does not suggest to offend them crickets it is better to withdraw. If you are certainly not liked the “night concerts” which usually arrange the crickets.
12. Book louse
If you hear the word “louse”, the mind is probably the first to come small reptiles that jump from head to head and feed on your blood, causing the head unbearably itchy. These tiny creatures their relatives, but they live in books. Do not read books, they even have eyes! Book louse or canoed book (Troctes divinatorius) is a small parasite, with a large brood causing irreparable damage to the libraries, collections of herbaria or insect, and in some conditions – and supplies of grain and other dry products. Feeds on the organic residues of plant and animal origin. In the houses live in the dust and the bindings of the books. Can damage Zoological collections and bindings of old books containing the paste. Accumulation of book lice emit a weak ticking sounds or what not to confuse. On human health, these insects do not have harmful effects, but their presence can be detrimental to valuable things: books, archival documents; the inventory of products. The main preventive measure can be considered basic cleanliness, dryness and fresh air or simply timely cleaning.
11. Carpet mite
Scientists have found more than 1000 different types of mites, and they cause great harm to humans, and all year round. Any rug or carpet collects fine dust, it accumulates in its fibers and even daily cleaning will not give a positive result, there will still be dust and mites. Mites, unlike most insects in this list are very harmful to humans. Themselves mites are able to leave behind their waste products in the feces, which contain digestive enzymes, they destroy the cells of the human body and can cause severe allergies and asthma. Harm carpet mites, not only limited to Allergy may develop conjunctivitis, allergic rhinitis, atopic dermatitis and others. To deal with them just throw all the carpets and upholstered furniture once and for all!
10. Damnocracy mosquito
The main harm — squeak and interfere with sleep! Thank God mankind invented many ways to get rid of mosquitoes. Mosquito nets, repellents and fumigators — the whole industry. Spread out in rooms of fresh branches elderberry, wild cherry, Caucasian, chamomile or Basil, and the Windows on the balcony set the container of seedlings of tomatoes or geraniums in the pot. Mosquitoes hate the smell of these plants, so will want to quickly leave your home. According to national signs, these small, nasty buzzing bloodsuckers – mosquitoes can bring not only the absolute harm, but also advantage, forecasting the weather and future events. Clouds of mosquitoes – for the good of tomorrow’s weather. Painful mosquito bites and very active buzzing bloodsuckers to the imminent bad weather and the night rain.
As mentioned earlier, this list will be submitted to more than one species of spiders. The spiders of this species catch prey, vpryskivat her fluid, which neutralizes its freezing in case of contact, venomous and sticky mass. You can observe spiders have a habit to swing from side to side. They do this in order to wrap the prey. Most spiders are capable of producing only silk, but spiders, Scytodes gobber exception. Together with the silk they produce mouth poison, and toxin-impregnated silk strands falling on the victim of the spider restrain its development. These spiders are not dangerous to humans, do not weave a Grand networking-traps, and unremarkable. But still they have one feature – during the hunt they “spit” their prey. It may sound a little harsh, but sure. For this they received the name “Plavni”. Live spiders-gobber in warm tropical and temperate regions, including in Russia, — in human homes, where it’s warm.
8. Mol a
Mol inhabits the house and is the home wrecker, the caterpillars of which spoil tissues, eating them, and chewing on silk upholstery. Damage products cause only the caterpillars because adults are deprived of the oral apparatus of gnawing type. In the dark night flying adult moths to an artificial light source. According to some reports, room moth caterpillars also eat substances of plant origin, namely the grains of wheat, barley, oats, corn, flour and dry bread. Room the moth is widely distributed worldwide, this is a serious lepidopteran pest in the houses of man. Feed on clothes, carpets, rugs and upholstery, as well as fur, wool, feathers and miscellaneous products such as animal bristles used for manufacturing brushes and fiber for a piano.
Generally speaking, woodlice are not insects (belong to the crustaceans), but are about the same lifestyle as cockroaches. When threatened they curl up, mimicking death.
In most cases of lice infest only in those apartments where it is constantly wet, for example, leaking water from pipes. These insects are great indicators of different breakdowns of the water supply and leakage of flanges. The appearance of woodlice in the apartment in the first place, should excite the fans of indoor plants, because if time does not take action, and do not put them in a short time the plants will die. First of all, these insects inflict damage to the moisture-loving tropical plants that have a thin and delicate root system (Orchid, fern, cactus), hitting her, so if you have such plants, it is necessary to struggle more actively.
6. A parasitic wasp (rider)
They are primarily parasitoids other animals, mostly other arthropods. Many of them, such as the family Braconidae Trichogramma and useful for people as regulate the number of pests. From an ordinary OS riders are no stings as such, it replaces the ovipositor. However, in English literature of the riders called parasitic wasps. With the help of ovipositor riders lay their eggs in the body of the larvae (caterpillars) or in the eggs of their victims. The victims are mostly larger insects such as caterpillars, beetle grubs, and other arthropods, including some spiders. Rider typically sits on the victim (as the rider on the horse, hence the name) and introduces the ovipositor. The larvae hatch inside the rider victims and eat their organs, gradually destroying. Species of the genus Megarhyssa superfamily ichneumonoidea riders have a thin ovipositor length of a few centimeters, used for the introduction of tree trunks. Fortunately, people are not considered to be suitable incubators for kids in the wasps and in humans, it does not lay larvae.
In different seasons and in different regions of the country in the apartment, especially in a private home — you can often meet representatives of various species of ants. Very often ants in the apartment — casual visitors, put on clothes or things. Among them are the insects of different sizes and colors. However, the real pest in the apartment is the only so-called pharaohs ant is an independent small heat-loving ants, which in our latitudes in addition to residential heated space, nowhere to dwell I can’t. These red ants in the apartment are a real problem: they are many, spoil foods can carry pathogens of various diseases, and with great difficulty removed.
In a colony of domestic ants can live several dozens of ewes and up to 350 thousand working individuals. The reason is that fire ants do appear in the apartment, though small, but can occur in almost any house. This is why the small red ants successfully conquering ever new areas and likely to appear in every apartment, even the most cleanly.
4. Serebryanka (common silverfish)
Perhaps you saw them in the bathroom or the toilet, if we go there in the middle of the night (when the light they quickly run away). Such thin, silver, small things on the floor? Remember? They are called serebryanymi. Like most other creatures on this list, silverfish don’t pose any real harm to us, they don’t bite. Cases contact did not reveal a negative impact on human health. Eat food of vegetable origin containing starch or polysaccharides; but I can eat nothing for months. Their diet can include sugar, flour, glue, book cloth, paper, photographs, starch-containing tissue. Of the storage areas can be brought into the house through the purchase of toilet paper or cartons with paper napkins. Harmless to humans and Pets and do not transmit diseases, but can damage the wet paper.
Their scientific name “common silverfish” (lat. Lepisma saccharina). I believe that silverfish is one of the oldest living insect her ancestors lived on the Earth over 300 million years ago, in the Paleozoic era. Silverfish prefer damp and dark places, if the house is dry and light, the silverfish will not be there.
The remains of Tarakanova are, along with the remains of tarichanovich, the most numerous insects in the Paleozoic sediments. In addition, cockroaches — the earliest known Polyneoptera, originating perhaps from an ancestor of the entire padagotti. They have always been and will be on the Ground. There are more than 4,600 species of cockroaches; especially numerous in the tropics and subtropics. On the territory of the former USSR — 55 types. In recent years, popular reports about the decline of certain species of cockroaches in the CIS (they say they did left the apartment in St. Petersburg and some other cities — no one is upset, but interesting reasons).
The number of cockroaches dwell in habitations, as Sinanthropus, for example, red cockroach (cockroach), or black beetle. Other imported tropical products in temperate countries, and sometimes survive in heated buildings (American cockroach). Cockroaches can damage food, leather goods, book covers, indoor and greenhouse plants. Some cockroaches, feeding on various garbage, including feces, are vectors for infectious diseases (e.g. dysentery) and eggs of worms.
Spiders harvestmen building lovchie networks, ubiquitous. Hanging upside down on his randomly-rough tangled web. The cobwebs are building in the dark damp recesses of caves, trees and under rocks, in abandoned mammal dens, for example, in the cellar and various buildings. In the homes of the person they love dry and warm places near the Windows. How harvestmen spiders dangerous to humans? Suffice it to say that the poison they have, they spend exclusively on their victims, causing them a paralyzing bite. Anything more is not enough. The main reason for a Declaration of war spiders – arachnophobia. Some people can’t stand them even visually, others trapped in the body of the creature causes panic. The problem is so serious that it engaged psychologists.
Flycatcher ordinary, she’s a centipede home, often put in private houses and cottages can be found in the apartments. Due to the significant size, repulsive appearance, and speed of movement of this insect, suddenly appeared in the house, often terrifying residents. But the house centipede – an insect with a peaceful and perfectly harmless. They are usually in search of food from the street or from a neighboring apartment. If centipede will be able to find the house is a constant power source, the high probability of their appearance in this room. Especially centipedes often meet in private homes, settling in basements, ground floors and crawl spaces, where go hunting, moving through all the rooms.
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