Such controversial archeological artifacts.
In the world of science, disputes are quite common, and archaeology is no exception. It often happens that archaeological findings provide a mass of contradictions, and around them ignite serious scientific debate. Such amazing archaeological artifacts and will be discussed in this review.
1. The Bust Of Nefertiti
Since, as the bust of Nefertiti was found in Egypt by German archaeologists in 1912 are numerous disputes about his return to Egypt and even its authenticity. Today the bust is kept in Berlin, but even more than a century later, the debate continues.
2. Spanish hill
This hill is located in Pennsylvania and is a subject of debate among historians and archaeologists for a long time. Controversies usually concern the origin of structures and embankments that are found on the hill. But even the origin of the name is actually unknown.
3. Temple in Tikal
The controversy surrounding this 33-metre-high pyramid of the Mayan temple are not about its origin and purpose. The discussion is the fact that the archaeologists decided to dismantle the structure to dig up the earlier layers of the buildings on this place.
4. Code Of The Continent
This is a book of Mayan pre-Columbian first appeared in a private collection in new York in the twentieth century. Since then, however, its authenticity has repeatedly been challenged by archaeologists.
5. Treasure hunt
This is another area that divides archaeologists into 2 camps. Archaeology in fact owes much of its origin to the treasure hunters, but today such practices are condemned by a growing number of countries with the aim of preserving archaeological sites.
6. The Map Of Piri Reis
This map was compiled by the Ottoman Admiral Piri Raisom in 1513. It supposedly is a replica of one of the maps of Christopher Columbus and is a source of national pride for Turkey. The main subject of controversy — its amazing accuracy, especially in relation to the new world and the coast of Antarctica.
7. The Baghdad battery
This is the name of a number of artifacts discovered in the 1930s in Iraq. Vessels were corroded and archaeologists felt that they were probably used for storing vinegar or wine. However, it was later hypothesized that the blood vessels were used as electrochemical cells to cover the gold with silver. Although it has been proven that this is possible, and the vessels could be batteries, disputes relating to their appointment are continued.
8. Skull No. 5
This is one of the five skulls found in Dmanisi, Georgia. Its unusual dimensions made by a number of archaeologists to believe that was opened early form of Homo erectus.
9. The Cyrus Cylinder
Ancient cylinder covered in Akkadian cuneiform script, was discovered in 1879 on the territory of modern Iraq. The text on it was written in the name of the Persian king of the Achaemenid dynasty of Cyrus the Great. Some scholars see it as evidence of the repatriation of the Jews, while others believe it to be the most ancient Charter of human rights.
In recent decades, the talk about the existence of the sunken city largely poutihli. However, there have been disputes about what inspired Plato, who mentioned the legendary Atlantis in his works.
Stonehenge was built by a culture that left behind no written records. Needless to say, as there are theories about the real purpose of this place and to whom it was built.
12. Monte Verde, Chile
The archaeological site of Monte Verde in Chile and the age of this archaeological site (14.5 thousand years) has led many archaeologists to believe that people settled in America earlier than was thought before. Not surprisingly, the camp of archaeologists are divided in their theories.
13. Sandia Cave
Perhaps this is one of the most controversial archaeological discoveries in the history of the United States. This cave in new Mexico were excavated by Frank Jibboom in the 1930s – 1940s. Many of his insights have become a major source of controversy in archaeological circles even today, especially those that relate to the idea that humans settled North America much earlier than previously thought.
14. The Nazca Lines
These famous geoglyphs have become almost synonymous with Peru. The argument is not really about how they were created (although this is unknown), and as to why I did it. The debate continues to this day.
15. Rock Of The White Shaman
Found in Texas, this 7-metre-high cave painting age 4000 years has led to a lot of speculation and controversy as to its purpose and meaning. Theories include everything from pre-war rituals, and ending with ancient religious ceremonies.
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