The concept of “first ice” was invented by the fishermen in those days, when the autumn temperature gradually became below zero, and within a few days the ponds were covered by 5-10 cm of ice, which was conducted the fishing. This happened, for example, in the middle lane almost every year a few decades ago.
Fast and friendly ice formation occurred at a frosty windless weather and high atmospheric pressure, that is, under stable atmospheric conditions. The ice was growing with some speed, but is growing. After 4-6 days when the frost is about 10 degrees the ice has reached a safe thickness at 6-15 cm, and came the long awaited winter season. The first ice was identified with Joram fish that was active in steady weather.
In the last few years winter comes the unstable weather, and the notion of first ice has changed. From year to year at the first frost ice forms, then melts, and so continues for three or even four times during the month. Typically, even on a small pond ice can reach a safe thickness, and then to melt. In this case, the first ice comes only for fish, but not for the angler. Thus, it appears that the first ice now every year.
But even if the ice gets me all the time, now should not be blindly count on a good bite. The reason is bad luck, especially in adverse weather. Adverse fishing weather is not rain, wind or snow, and the whole complex of phenomena occurring in nature.
Most anglers in recent years have lamented the atmospheric pressure: then it is too low, then too high. The absolute value of atmospheric pressure, if it is constant, has no critical influence on the bite. Much worse when the pressure is “dancing”. In this sense, the low pressure worse, as it is more susceptible to spikes.
In addition to atmospheric pressure, it is important to the wind direction. The bad weather, when wind “turns”. As well as in human and other animals, of fish, of course, influenced by such factors as the magnetic perturbation, the illumination, the electric field strength in a given place at a given time. All these factors are somehow intertwined, and the faster they change, the worse feeling organisms. Including the usual fish natural live food. I assume that the behavior and activity of the fish is more dependent on the behavior of its food than the weather.
In recent years, such adverse weather because of the constant shift of cyclones to anticyclones has been observed not only during the formation of ice, but for almost the entire winter. And there is no reason to believe that next winter will be better in this regard.
Despite such a pessimistic forecast, the fish caught and will catch.
Adverse weather conditions can and should compensate for own activity and in the choice of reservoir, selection of tactics and techniques of fishing.
In General fish activity, especially on the first ice, has a saturation forage base of the reservoir. It was the first ice is most active fish in ponds, not very rich food. First of all, this career. Small ponds and lakes is also of great interest for several reasons. First, on smaller waters, especially the closed forest from the wind, can stand a relatively safe ice at the first attempt. The ice is thin, but because the fish caught from depths of no more than a meter, the probability of drowning negligible.
Secondly, in shallow small ponds the fish “knows” that it is winter with anoxia will come much earlier than relatives of the reservoir. And biting even in bad weather. Thirdly, a small pond is much easier and more efficient to explore and find the place where fish are active.
With the advent of sonar anglers have found that the percentage of active fish that are ready to be seduced by the lure is not so great. Fish can stand under each hole, but the bite only every tenth or fifth. And without bait. The same can be said about fishing with bait, when out of a dozen holes only works one or two. We used to think that if one well the fish are biting, and the other is not, then, in the past no fish. And it is, but does not bite. This phenomenon had previously been characterized for the mid-and late winter. In recent years, with the behavior of the fish I personally faced during the “pervolakia”.
The most interesting and inexplicable is that, in those holes where the fish are active, it can be caught regularly all day, to respond to the bait and active play bait. In the same holes where the biting is not present, succeeded with great difficulty to deceive not more than one or two fish. That’s why the ability to quickly research a reservoir can be crucial. Suggest early in the season to visit only well-known reservoirs.
In the current unfavourable fishing conditions the tactics of search of fish has not changed, but there are several intricacies. They mainly relate to fishing with bait. Perch, ruff, perch, roach looking for on the principle of rate search. That is followed by the well-known rule – the more holes, the more fish. But if you felt a bite cautious and rare, it is necessary to reduce the speed of search and more attentive to the study of perspective. That is, with a good bite makes sense to drill two or three holes at a distance of 5-10 m and immediately trying to catch. After the discovery of “active” wells angler catches while they’re biting, and after decrease of the bite makes the next hole on the same level and again catches. In that case, if the bite is not very good, do not rush. Makes sense before you leave a hole, throw some bloodworm or a pinch of dry groundbait. After you have found 3-5 holes, which were bite, it makes sense some time to walk around him in a circle. As a rule, it is enough hours. If the bite holes in resumes, we all need to start over.
In that case, if you are fishing for bream and roach, and the bite is weak, have to make up to three dozen holes along the edge. Each well to feed a very small amount of groundbait and again to walk in a circle, with the hope that some holes would work. When the working hole is exhausted, it is drilled next. Supplemental foods the hole can lead to complete cessation of the biting. At active bite all easier. Fishing is exactly what we are accustomed to in the “good old days”.
In the conditions of unstable weather and low fishing activity fishing technique is the same as in the “gluhozime”, with only one difference. The ice is thin, and making new holes is not too difficult. Most importantly, do not “light up” the place a large number of holes in a limited area. The tackle may also need the most that neither is fine if you use a jig or float equipment. How many times have I in recent years has seen cases when the first ice worked “sports gear”, that is microscopic jig on the most thin fishing line. But to get involved in too thin gear is not worth it. Strictly speaking, to this tackle I resorted to only when it is necessary to catch not fish, and bait fish.
If the purpose of hunting are bass or walleye, I use the balance weights of medium size or large crankbaits. Even if the bite is bad or very bad, it is the major active bait gives you a chance to catch marketable fish. During the bad bite I only change the game more smooth. Although in my practice there were cases when the bass began to take only when I put the bait with the more active game.
It is interesting that on the first ice of greater importance, even with a very bad bite, have the size and play of the lure, not the color. Fishing becomes a search over a large water area, the length of which reaches several kilometers.
Conclusion from the foregoing, I would do the following. If you’re lucky with the weather, that is, with a coincidence of all factors, it is possible to get to classic a fun and successful first ice. But if the weather is not lucky, get ready for a classic “gluhozime” fishing.
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