Canaima national Park in Venezuela.
In South America in Venezuela, Brazil and Guyana are astounding table mountains, called tepui, unearthly landscapes which are more like the scenery of a science fiction film than reality. Scientists say that these mountains are composed of hard Sandstone, with steep, almost vertical slopes and a flat, truncated top, is the oldest in the world. They were formed due to the destruction of the vast plateau in prehistoric times extended from the shores of the Atlantic ocean to the borders of the basins of the rivers Orinoco, Amazon and Rio Negro. Back in the days when Africa and South America were one, about 200 million years ago, this plateau occurred at the site of a giant lake.
Tepui have a very interesting structure of the plateau many of them have a lot of sinkholes with a diameter of up to 300 meters, formed as a result of the collapse of the vaults of tunnels and underground rivers, as well as the blurred water caves, the most famous of which is Abismo GUI Colette (Abismo Guy Collet) – reaches 672 metres.
From the language of the pemón Indians “tepui” means “house of the gods”, which is not surprising, because high mountain is shrouded in fluffy clouds, may serve as habitat for such important people. Tepui, mostly standing remotely from each other, towering above the jungle of different-sized inaccessible cliffs, which makes them unique refuge of endemic species of flora and fauna.
The highest tepui are Piso de Neblina (3 014 meters), Pico Phelps (2 992 meters), Roraima (2 810 metres) and Cerro Marahuaka (2 800 meters).
Auyantepui has the status of largest tepui, the surface area reaches its plateau 715 km2. In addition, the top of the mountain begins its spectacular fall the highest waterfall in the world angel. Large drop height – 979 meters – leads to the fact that before reaching the earth’s surface, the water shatters into tiny splashes and turns into a thick fog that envelops the surrounding countryside.
One of the most beautiful Tepuy – Autana towers over the forest and the rocks at 1300 meters. She is special, that thoroughly permeated the cave, running from one end to the other. Plateau Outany adorn the dark gray rocks of different shapes, and surrounding the funnel is filled with clean water.
Roraima is the highest tepui in Venezuela. Its height is 2810 meters, and the top – the plateau area of 34 km2 is covered by dense vegetation, bizarre rocks, steep valleys, caves, small lakes and marshes. The local Indians called mount Roraima “navel of the earth” and believe that on top of living the progenitor of the human race – the goddess Queen.
These three, as well as many other less known but not less beautiful tepui located in the Canaima national Park, which lies in the South-Eastern part of Venezuela, on the border of Brazil and Guyana. The reserve holds on its territory priceless natural wealth, included in the world heritage list of UNESCO.
Nature Canaima national Park is incredibly diverse and unique. In addition to the majestic table mountains, covered with beautiful waterfalls in the Park you can see rare species of flora and fauna that are found exclusively in this area. For example, a carnivorous plant, luring you in with their beautiful fragrant traps insects and eats them. The foot and slopes of the mountains surrounded by cloud-covered forests, where bright spots stand out fine bromeliads and orchids. On top of tepui wildly growing herbs and shrubs. Equally rich is the fauna of the Venezuelan Park – there are monkeys, a variety of sizes and types, jaguars, giant ants and many small animals. But the greatest variety of species can boast the world of birds, which in great quantities live on this rich land.
The largest natural reserve in Venezuela, Canaima national Park, was founded in 1962 and is the oldest part of the Earth, which is more than 2 million years. This lost world, as if by chance preserved the way it was many millions of years ago, visited daily by thousands of tourists. To get to these places from the capital of Venezuela on the bus.
In the Canaima national Park offers exciting excursions by canoe on the lagoon, which flows into four falls. Two of them Golondrina and Ucaima you can see, floating on a canoe, and under two other Acha and Sapo – paved path that you can go inside the waterfall between the surging stream of water and a rock:
You can go to one of the most spectacular sights of the Park is angel falls, excursions to which are either on boats or on airplanes. If you go on a boat tour, along the way you can see the scenic Island of Orchids.
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