This unique sea the lowest point on earth.
The dead sea is the deepest salt lakes in the world, stretching along the border between Jordan, Israel and the Palestinian authority.
For the high salinity of the lake received the title of sea. The water here is saltier than the ocean is about 8.6 times (in 1 liter of water 330,7 grams of salt). The surface of the unique lake is at 425 m below sea level making it the lowest point on the planet.
Length of the Dead sea reaches 67 km, maximum width is 18 km and the maximum depth is 378 meters. But every year the water level drops 1 meter sea retreats, leaving behind a soil hypernational salt. Rainwater washes out the salt, and in the soil voids, which are very easy to fail. On the territory of Israel and Jordan, there are about 1200 of failures, the depth of which sometimes reaches 25 metres. The biggest danger are the gaps that are formed along the roads and near residential complexes.
A high percentage of salinity precludes the possibility of the existence of living organisms, hence the name of the lake. However, in the Dead sea is still home to several species of tiny bacteria and one algae – Dunaliella.
The mineralogical composition of salt lake differs from the composition of salt in the water of other seas. It contains about 50.8 % magnesium chloride, 30.4% of sodium chloride, 4.4% of potassium chloride and 14.4 % calcium chloride. Thanks to the wealth of the Dead sea has become a unique health resort, which attracts many tourists from all over the world. In addition to the unusual composition of salts, the body of water known for its healing mud extracted from the lake bottom. Famous silt sulfide mud from the salty lake is highly mineralized, has a high content of iodine, hormone-like substances and bromine.
Mineral water of the Dead sea, transparent, oily, viscous liquid with a temperature of about 30 degrees. Immersion in water is a lot of pleasure, due to the high density of water of people it does not sink, and experiencing a feeling of weightlessness. Although salinity is well “holds” on the surface, actually dive or swim in the Dead sea will be very difficult. It will be easier to sit in water, as in a hammock. When immersed in water there is a feeling that it’s not water and oil.
I must say that here we have to take precautions to avoid cutting yourself on salt crystals, from which wounds heal very long, and not to splash and not to dive, because the water can seriously burn the retina of the eye. If this has occurred, the rescue shore duty with bottles of clean water. In General, to be in the water at a time recommended no more than 20 minutes on the Jordanian shore and no more than 15 minutes on the Israeli, where the water is even more mineralized.
Due to the fact that the Dead sea is the lowest point on the planet, the sun’s rays overcome an additional distance, lose all harmful ultraviolet light, so you can safely sunbathe indefinitely without harm to the body. The air is completely clean from impurities, is enriched with oxygen, while it increased the content of bromine, which is able to restore shaky nervous system and give the body extra strength.
The lake is fed by the waters of the Jordan river and streams flowing in winter from the slopes of the mountains Moat from the Jordan and the Judean hills in Israel, contribute and groundwater sources. The Jordan river brings daily into the Dead sea about 7 million tons of water that has no escape, but the heat of the Jordan valley rather quickly evaporates it. Physically, the lake consists of two basins connected by artificial canal. Under the bottom of the sea lies a thick layer of salt that formed by evaporation of sea Lashon about a million years ago.
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