So, friends — today will be a great and long-planned my post about the Tambov uprising of 1920-1921. Soviet historiography shamefully silent about this event, and ignores for many reasons — first, in the Tambov province against the Bolsheviks didn “certain bandits” — as a purely Soviet habit lied to Soviet historians — a real peasant army of 40 thousand men, consisting mostly of those very peasants in whose name the Bolsheviks made their revolution.
And, secondly, to suppress the uprising, the Bolsheviks had to use against its own people chemical weapons — chlorine gas Е56 — which poisoned the rebels hiding in the forest and surrounding villages on the personal orders of Tukhachevsky and with the knowledge of the kind grandfather Lenin — this is not done even the Germans during the Second world war.
So in today’s post — the story of the Tambov uprising of 1920-21 the anti-Soviet years. Make sure you check out the article below, it is interesting. Well, friends to add do not forget)
How it all began?
In 1917 the Bolsheviks came to power through the October revolution — came to power in fact through deception, deceiving gullible people. People told tales about the fact that immediately after the coup falls, “the dictatorship of nobles and landowners” (which is already virtually non-existent), and people will begin to live freely. In fact, it was limited to the killing of landowners and looting of estates — after which the peasantry was thrown into a worse bondage, and poverty.
In the countryside, the Bolsheviks launched a program of so-called surplus — expropriation from the peasants bread and other property for more or less tolerable existence of the army and the urban population. Also peasants EN masse and forcibly drove the Red army — and the families of these peasants were virtually held hostage — if the person escaped from the army, his family was persecuted, and all the property was taken.
In addition, the village of vengeance launched the so-called war communism — people are constantly attracted to unpaid work — the Bolsheviks drove the free men to plow the fields, collect firewood, weave sandals and the way to do free labor. All this was accompanied by robbery of churches, and countless posters, rallies, agitation trains (like the current train “Syrian crisis”), as well as incitement to hatred of all who think and think differently — the atmosphere of hatred began to permeate everything that happened in society.
Free Peasant Republic against the Bolsheviks.
And the peasants could not resist. In mid-August 1920, in the villages of Tambov province Kamenka and Khitrovo, the peasants refused to surrender their labor bread and disarmed productred. During the month against the Soviet executioners from Moscow rose about 4 thousand rebels armed with guns, and about 10 thousand “cocinero” fighters with pitchforks, scythes and other melee weapons. The center of the uprising was the village of Kamenka — which has become a center of the rebel “Free Peasant Republic” — which embraced the territory Kirsanov, Borisoglebsk, Tambov counties.
The rebels were not “wanted criminals” — as they tried to put Soviet propaganda. It was the usual poor peasants, who fully drank the Bolshevik government, and from hunger ate not only the chaff and quinoa, but also bark from trees and plain grass. The rebels had their own program — free peasant Republic without Communist dictatorship and without the Bolshevik death squads, which was taken lock, stock and barrel from the peasants.
The head of the rebellion stood a young people’s teacher Alexander Antonov , a former SR who visited the prison in tsarist times. One time he was the police chief of Kirsanovsky district, but left the post because of disagreement with the Bolshevik dictatorship against the peasants. In the autumn of 1918, Antonov has formed a fighting squad and began fighting against the Bolsheviks.
In February 1921, the rebels were an army of 40 thousand people, divided into 21 regiment and separate brigade. The rebellion was widely supported by all neighboring counties — people saw that the Bolsheviks can fight and win.
Gas against its own people.
Soviet Moscow was paying close attention to the Tambov uprising in the winter of 1921 — rebel Antonova called “kulaks and bandits” using typical Soviet doublethink of those who participated in the revolution of 1917, were called “freedom fighters and revolutionaries,” and the Antonov rebels who rose up against a much worse dictatorship — called “bandits and robbers”. The rebel forces were called “gangs” — as if trying to ignore that rose up against them a whole army of armed peasants.
Against their own insurgent people, the Bolsheviks pursued a wide front — from the front of the so-called “Civil war” filming major military units, including aircraft, armored units and artillery. Commander of punitive forces appointed Tukhachevsky and Berries. Began the real punitive operation — farms and houses were destroyed and collapsed, relatives of the rebels took in hostages (including children) were sent to specially created concentration camps — was organized a full-fledged Soviet terror of the civilian population — that do not participate in the uprising.
In the summer of 1921 Tukhachevsky personally signed the order No. 0116 of use against rebels of chemical weapons. For the first time in the history of the world chemical weapons shells and cylinders of chlorine was used against its own people. Here is the same Tukhachevsky’s orders:
From shells with Chlorine Е56 killed not only rebels, but also many civilians of nearby villages only for the people it was released no less than hundreds of shells with a choking gas that has been documented in the reports of the artillery battalion brigade Zavolzhsky military district.
The defeat and victory. Instead of an epilogue.
In the summer of 1921 the main forces of the Antonov were broken — the Bolsheviks abandoned to rebels 100-strong army — and only through such a force, and by terror and concentration camps for the families of participants in the uprising, they managed to defeat the forces of Free Peasant Republic. In June 1922, Alexander Antonov, commander of the now-defunct army — died in battle with the Bolshevik invaders in the forests near Tambov.
But the uprising did not go unnoticed — the Bolsheviks was frightened further performances of peasants in other areas of the country, and cancelled a surplus — and replacing it with a much more loyal food tax. Last but not least thanks to the Tambov uprising in the country was declared a policy of the NEP — which in many points surprisingly coincided with the program of the Tambov rebels, cooperatives, free trade in a small industry, allowing foreign capital to the country’s recovery — and much more.
Let the rebels and has not achieved its main goals — not overthrown the Bolshevik government, but all people under the rule of the Bolsheviks began to live much easier. Again “tighten the screws” has dared only “the great linguist and Meliorator” ten years later.
However — that’s another story.
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