Photo: clipping from the newspaper “Pravda” (June 11, 1937) a note on the relocation of a residential building in Moscow, on Sadovnicheskaya street.
Wake any fan of Soviet antiquity and ask him sternly: “I love the Soviet Union?” and the answer without hesitation will spew into the surrounding space model kit Soviet Reconstructor. There will be free education, the most delicious in the world of Soviet ice cream, and favorite school cakes, in which bread was more than meat to kids it was delicious and of course full safety. This “safety in Soviet times,” in the life of Soviet adherents is so important that sometimes it seems that all they live in a combat zone, and in the morning leaving the house, not sure what will come back in the evening. And if you do come back, then someone from their family or friends would hit the bullet of a bandit or the explosion of cluster munition. Hard living lovers of the Soviet Union, it is dangerous. “Not like in the Soviet time”TM. However, an objective researcher must recognize that in the USSR there were times it was very dangerous. For example, in 1933-34, gg, or in 1937, or in 1941-1945-H. A the feeling of security that delusional Soviet patriots, applies rather to the 60-th – 70-th years. That’s when, they say, Yes, it’s safe lived. But it is not all so smoothly. And looking at Soviet history of this period, which is now available almost without cuts, we have to admit – the feeling of security was imaginary and rested only on the control of the Soviet press, radio and television from the Communist censorship. Information about the sad incident, and even catastrophe in the USSR was almost on the verge of state secrets. Not to be unfounded, let’s take at random any year “safe time of the Soviet” Brezhnev times. Why, at least, take the year of the 50th anniversary of the victory of the Bolshevik revolution – 1967. See if in that year, something dangerous for the Soviet people.
Let’s go by the calendar. So it would be more logical.
China today is not coming from the mouth of the antiquities. They are very fond of China. And we are confident that China and the Chinese have always loved the Soviet Union. But look at the date January 25, 1967. And what do we see there?
January 25, 1967, about 70 Chinese students returning from Europe in China, blocked the Lenin mausoleum on red square in Moscow. After the riot they were sent to China.
Unexpectedly, right? Such is the whole safe of the Soviet Union, in which nothing of such things can not happen. And in the center of the Soviet Motherland – the red square – and even imagine the riots impossible. And there is a Chinese red guards block the mausoleum of Lenin!
Agree, hooligan performance of the red guards in the center of Moscow – this is certainly not a danger of the highest degree. But not to say that a very little thing. Moreover, the next day, January 26, angry at the expulsion of the Chinese students in Beijing red guards besieged the Soviet Embassy. So, for a moment. Soviet diplomats in the capital of the socialist state are suddenly in great danger – all of them, and could kill.
On the photo: Soviet poster 50 years.
And January 31 in Beijing, the red guards blocked the planes with Soviet specialists returning from Vietnam. Here’s “the Soviet Union and China are brothers forever”. The funny thing is that in capitalist countries, Soviet diplomats and experts like cheese in butter rolls around. But, we can say home socialist China – came under attack.
Moreover, many Soviet people subjected to aggression. The red guards after all, they are, if it will, it will not soon end. And now, February 6, 1967 in Beijing, the red guards broke into the trade mission of the USSR. What are you going to do? The trouble came from not waiting.
The fact that in 1967, 6 March, own daughter of “the Great Stalin” Svetlana Alliluyeva appealed to the us Embassy in Delhi to grant her political asylum, I omit. The sense of security of the Soviet people directly is not relevant. But the fact is, of course, significant. Stalin worked hard to build a country “where people breathe so freely” what to the light sent millions of people, and his own flesh and blood, just 14 years after the death of his father drawn in the main enemy of the Soviet Union, the U.S., asking for political asylum. And well if she is under Khrushchev did, in which children live Stalin probably was uncomfortable. But no, Svetlana decided to run from the USSR under Leonid Brezhnev, when, on the contrary, began a careful Stalinist Renaissance. Apparently the daughter of comrade Stalin knew better than others what it is, so decided not to wait for development of events and try to make between her beloved country and her daddy was as many miles. Yes, you chose rascal – the year of the 50th anniversary of the October revolution. In General, in the Soviet Union Svetlana did not feel safe. And she had, anyway, was a Soviet man.
But we go further. April 6, 1967. On this day in Domodedovo was tragically killed Il-18V 235th government squadron. Fortunately, the passengers on Board was not. There was only the crew (eight people). But turnover “fortunately” there are very can be used. The aircraft was lost on takeoff, after dropping off passengers from Krasnoyarsk and had to go in Vnukovo. So that victims could be much more. If the newspaper “Pravda” wrote about it, Soviet citizens would feel completely safe? Not a fact. But in the newspaper “Pravda” about the crash have not written.
But about the death of the Soviet cosmonaut Vladimir Mikhailovich Komarov on April 24 the Soviet Newspapers probably written. Although if I could hide, I would hide. Komarov was killed in the spacecraft “Soyuz-1” during the descent due to the failure of the parachute system. But the ship from the very beginning behaved poorly. In fact, the early termination of the flight was due to the fact that did not deploy one of two solar panels, and the ship began to experience a shortage of electricity.
On the day of the death of Komarov, the newspaper “Pravda” came out with a happy editorial about the successful flight.
And the next day, 25 April, i.e. a day after the death, “Pravda” published an obituary.
This kind of catastrophe, when in such difficult conditions as space, is to be expected. Otherwise can not be. However, the Soviet patriots somehow love pomusolit falling satellites in our time, but it seems sure that in Soviet times, disasters in space was not. But, alas, they were. And even killed people.
Go back a little bit ago. April 8 in the USSR was adopted the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR “On compulsory treatment and labor re-education hard-core drunks (alcoholics)”. This social evils – alcoholism – chased the USSR always. And since 1967 it has decided to fight such drastic measures – compulsory treatment. Now let’s ask the question: is it safe feel children, say, deoki and girls, or women who came home in the evening and had to go past the drunken companies, which in Soviet cities in the evenings, especially in the warm time of the year, was a characteristic feature of the landscape. Staining swearing, yelling, often of a fight. It really evoked a sense of security? And the Soviet wives of the drunks, and their children – how they felt, when completely drunk dad at midnight to come home?
Go ahead. 10 June 1967 the Soviet Union announced the rupture of diplomatic relations with Israel. From the point of view of the Soviet patriot, in Luggage anti-Semitism is part of his views, this news can in no way be associated with something like strengthening the sense of danger of the Soviet people. However, I may not seem that strange Soviet patriot (and anti-Semite-in-one), among the Soviet people were Jews. Did Soviet Jews a sense of relief from the news of the rupture of diplomatic relations with Israel or, on the contrary, anxiety and feeling of danger to them has increased dramatically? But among the Soviet Jews had many scientists, engineers, doctors, workers of culture (in the broadest meaning of the term). But Soviet patriots wouldn’t understand such things. Soviet patriots do often come in high spirits when bad becomes someone they don’t like.
But we’re talking about the sense of security of all the Soviet people talking, not just any one part of the Soviet people. And in this connection we cannot fail to pay attention to the date of the 17 June 1967. On this day, people’s Republic of China announced the successful test of its first hydrogen bomb. If you haven’t already forgotten the beginning of this article, remember that did the Chinese in Moscow and Beijing in the beginning of the year. They are clearly and unequivocally demonstrated their hatred of the Soviet Union. And here’s the question: what kind of feeling experienced by the Soviet people, when they learned that the state, which is almost officially declares its hatred of the Soviet Union successfully tested a hydrogen bomb? Something tells me that there was hardly a sense of security. And as we know, the years that followed the escalation of the Chinese hatred of the Soviet Union only increased and resulted eventually in a number of conflicts on the Soviet-Chinese border, which, in fact, be regarded as a local war. A sense of security, you say? Exactly? Do not confuse?
However, it is necessary to make a clarification. The Soviet people, would certainly be alarmed. But was it? After all, the Soviet press about this trial nothing was reported. In the newspaper “Pravda” about the Chinese test of its hydrogen bomb – no GU-GU. But a lot of anxious articles about the “Israeli aggression in the Arab countries”.
2 July, there was a local event. And, of course, the Soviet Newspapers were not included. In this day of Surgut faced Soviet aircraft An-2, pervasive passengers (troops) and helicopter Mi-6. All who were in the An-2, killing the crew of the Mi-6 was not affected. The accident occurred because of violations of the crews and dispatchers.
August 5 there was another incident, which the Soviet media were silent. 36 of the Vienna red banner guards missile division explosion missiles UR-100; 13 people were killed. It was the second in the number of victims of the catastrophe in maintenance of missiles, after the disaster at Baikonur in 1960.
Photo: Intercontinental ballistic missile UR-100 (8К84).
September 5, 1967, in Gander crashed Il-18. 37 people were killed. The plane, however, belonged to Czechoslovak airlines (ČSA). But the plane was built in the USSR. Information of this kind would strengthen the faith of the Soviet people that the Soviet planes are the safest. Therefore, the Soviet media did not say anything.
At the end of September in Moscow again and again on the red square a Lithuanian protest detonated an improvised explosive device. The Soviet authorities stated that he had a mental disorder. But mental, not mental, and rumors have spread. And the feeling of security, probably, increased.
Still, 1967 was clearly not a year of Il-18. On November 16 near Sverdlovsk, another crashed Il-18 EN route from Sverdlovsk to Tashkent.. Killed 107 people. At that time it was the largest crash in the USSR. In the Soviet media, in any case, in a Central, but this catastrophe was not discussed.
And here we come to one of the worst disasters of 1967. 25 December, just days before the New year, in Moscow, in the street Osipenko (now Sadovnicheskaya), a five-storey building Stalinist buildings there was a gas explosion. It was the house on the progress which happily reported the newspaper “Pravda” in 1937 (see photo at beginning of article). The house was almost completely destroyed. Under the ruins were killed 147 people. However, some residents were lucky, the blast threw them away, including the nearest trees, and they survived. Say that arrived at the scene of the disaster Leonid Brezhnev was so impressed with the kind of casualties that gave the order to translate new homes from gas to electric stoves. But, of course, in the USSR it was no more than a pious wish. Only by the 80s new homes were built with electric stoves.
Yes, and probably not worth talking about what the Soviet press, and especially radio and television, did not inform the Soviet people about the crash.
I must say that in other countries, too, falling planes, killed people, and maybe even blew up the house. Of the USSR there was not something special. The only feature of the USSR was the fact that unlike normal countries, there is practically nothing was reported about disasters or any other events which could cause anxiety among the Soviet people. And if reported, it is very dry, short and somewhere on the last page of the local press.
Now imagine that for each event this list is incomplete, notice list, and only one randomly chosen year – the public and the media would have started a wide debate, discussion, forecasting, cursing the authorities, etc., etc., and what? What would be left of this so-called “sense of complete safety” in the Soviet Union?
Therefore, one who at every intersection today trumpeting how good it was in the Soviet Union because there we all had a feeling of complete security, must be honest and clarify that the USSR was good because the Soviet media under the watchful eye of the Politburo had been concealed from the Soviet people any socially valuable information if it had been negative. That’s the whole recipe that your “Soviet security”.
Comrades, I beg you, don’t go! Under the curtain of another disaster in the USSR. December 30, 1967 under Liepaja crashed the plane An-24 of Aeroflot. It was brand new, released in November 1966 the aircraft. According to the findings of the Commission of inquiry the cause of the accident was the failure of the left power plant, which worked in the mode of reverse thrust. Killed 40 passengers and 3 crew members. Six people survived, received injuries of varying severity. The Soviet media have traditionally not reported.
Photo: the Remnants of the plane An-24, crashed under Liepaja on 30 December 1967.
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