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The signs of a stroke, the knowledge of which can save lives

Признаки инсульта, знание которых может спасти жизньTo a patient who has had a stroke, survived, doctors have only 4.5 hours (“therapeutic window”) with the appearance of the first symptoms.

Therefore, knowing them is important to everyone.

The three major signs of stroke:

Sudden weakness or numbness in the hand and (or) leg. You ask the person to raise his hand and hold it for a while, and he can’t.

Facial asymmetry, drooping of the corner of his mouth. You ask the person to smile, and it does not work.

Impaired speech and swallowing. You ask the person to talk to you, but he is unable to pronounce words correctly, speaks very indistinct, as if the mess in your mouth.

All these symptoms occur suddenly and can be complemented by a strong dizziness “one way”, loss of fields of vision, confusion, loss of coordination when walking.

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In this case, you should immediately call an ambulance. According to the regulations within 40 minutes of admission to hospital performed CT within 20 minutes laboratory tests. And, if the stroke was confirmed, determined its appearance, immediately begin treatment.

Who is more at risk for a stroke?

In principle, this sad chance every person over the age of 50. But very often the stroke selects those who have:

high blood pressure (over 140/90 mm Hg. calendar);
heart rhythm disorders;
atherosclerosis;
diabetes mellitus;
overweight;
lack of physical activity;
chronic stress;
bad habits such as Smoking and alcohol abuse.

What tests you must pass to identify the risk factors for stroke?

Determination of blood pressure;
a study of the state of the heart (ECG, if necessary echocardiography);
ultrasound examination of the vessels supplying the brain;
study of the blood — coagulation system, lipid spectrum, etc.
If violations are identified, the doctor will recommend medication. As a rule, statins, cholesterol lowering, as well as drugs that reduce the likelihood of blood clots (thrombus), such as aspirin. You also need to consult with your doctor on how best to adjust diet (too fatty and salty food contributes to high blood pressure and, as a consequence, increases the risk of stroke), what exercise to do.

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Personalized prevention allows for many years to support the heart and the blood vessels in order to prevent vascular disasters.

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