As expected in the exact Sciences, in the beginning is a bit dry theory. And then we will see how this theory is manifested in practice and how this practice brought the most wonderful people to wonderful theory. We’ll also talk about how in the minds of some other learned people from scientific discoveries that matter disappears, leaving only one equation, causality collapses, clearing the way to the divine miracle. And we talk about the transition of quantity into quality, potential barriers and branched chain reactions and one reaction even see (that is, I pledge today to make a blast). And of course, at the end of our philosophical conversation would be inexcusable not to address the question of the prospects for the world and the individual human being.
So, let’s start!
In a previous interview we mentioned that the task of bypass of the difficulty of integration of basic equations of dynamics in General gave birth to one of the methods of its decision – introduction to the consideration of some specially chosen functions of the coordinates and velocities, the use of which can sometimes be a differential equation, much simpler than the General equations of dynamics (Newton). We call these functions – energy, momentum and angular momentum.
Energy, momentum and angular momentum of individual bodies, of course, can change as a result of interaction of the bodies. But the conservation laws of these quantities argue that the total energy, total momentum and total angular momentum of a closed system of bodies is quantitatively unchanged, whatever movement it may happen (in other words: they are invariant under any motion). Closed system of bodies is a system of bodies interacting among themselves, but do not interact with bodies outside the system.
A brief formulation of the “quantity turns into quality” good when the culture education embeds them in context and gives the true interpretation. Without this (any) short formula useless. A somewhat more detailed formulation of the law of transition of quantity to quality is as follows:
“Anytime something keeps quality certainty within certain limits of quantitative measures.”
Measure, rule and limit should know, and mathematician and philosopher. But these terms in these Sciences have different importance. In particular, the notion of “measure” in mathematics is a generalization of the concepts of length, area, volume of a plurality of arbitrary nature. Philosophy is the unity of qualitative and quantitative certainties of an item. Certain quantitative changes, reaching the border measures that are incompatible with the same quality. Then there is a break of continuity, a qualitative leap, the transition to a new quality.
In physics the energy of transformation, of course, do not exhaust the scope of the law of transformation of quantity into quality. For example, white dwarfs, neutron stars and black holes can also serve as its illustration. If we move to a continuous sequence of qualitative values of the masses of stars, we find sharp breaks in the continuity of their fates in the final evolution.
But philosophy is the science of the most universal laws, existing laws not only inanimate matter but also in public life.
An example from public life, indicated by Marx, but not quite clearly perceived: a certain level of productivity is incompatible with the earlier socio-economic structure. Further growth of the productive forces is possible only when a qualitative change in relations of production, in other words, through social revolution.
If the level of productivity summed up the society to the objective necessity of the revolution, but the latter is due to subjective factors is delayed, the society rots. This does not mean a stop in development of technology. This means compensation for labor productivity growth for each sector, increase non-production costs, resulting in productivity in society as a whole is marking time. The productive forces, which include not only the means of production, but the main productive force – man, cease to grow. In particular, the decaying capitalism is forced for the sake of self-preservation to close the actual production, to transfer capital in sphere of financial speculation, public-useless services, the processing of mass consciousness and military-police violence. About it we already had the conversation in the first conversation with more detail in conversations cycle “of political economy as an exact science”.
The field of real possibilities of development of the person confined to particular socio-economic formation. Perhaps, in a capitalist society have the opportunity to get rich, if you learn everything in life to measure money and to get rid of some moral principles…
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