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The photographer showed how to make caviar. Photo

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. ФотоIsrael is a major center of caviar production.

Black caviar becoming international commodity. So, a few years ago the top three world exporters of sturgeon caviar became Israel.

Israel and caviar. Weird? Yes, but Israeli companies supply today sturgeon caviar in the United States, Europe and Russia. The creation of a special branch of fisheries — sturgeon breeding and obtaining of caviar — Israel obliged immigrants from Romania. In the 90s in kibbutz Dan, specializing in breeding different varieties of fish, they decided to grow trout and sturgeon.

1. The company was founded in 1992, when Yigal Ben-Zvi was brought from Russia fertilized eggs of sturgeon. In the photo: worker of the kibbutz holds the female sturgeon.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

2. Now in several ponds of the kibbutz is home to more than 70 thousand sturgeon. The age of most of them — about 12 years. Each fish brings in about 2.5-3 kilograms of caviar. On the photo: water is ready to launch sturgeon.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

3. Source material — fertilized eggs of sturgeon or fingerlings, received from the Astrakhan and other cities of the Caspian sea. Of them grew large sturgeon, and, using modern methods of ichthyology and fish breeding, have created such an amount that Israel has become an exporter of caviar, which is also called black caviar, under the name “caviar Galilee”. On the photo: indoor container for breeding of sturgeon.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

4. The project invested 40 million shekels. The market is very promising, only for the last two years, sales of Israeli caviar abroad increased by 10 times.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

5. The company “kaviar Ha-Galil” in 2010, the first sold abroad their eggs received during the year a profit of 15 million shekels — more than one-third invested for 10 years means. On the photo: to maintain freshness, the fish are placed in containers with ice.

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Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

6. Salman Marchaj, a fish farm worker in Israel: “Before you remove the eggs, all fish older than 8 years, we’re having a test. We need to make sure that the eggs matured. Stomach do a small incision and using a probe extract the eggs. Here we see the eggs less than three millimeters, we have to wait another six months. Releasing the fish back into the pool.” Photo: the biologists involved in the farm quality assurance calves.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

7. The company has passed the most difficult stage of the formation of a population of female sturgeon to reach sexual maturity and start spawning. It takes 10-11 years. During this time, the world price of caviar has risen from 500 to 4000 dollars per kg. In the photo: stuffed fish washed thoroughly before removing from her eggs.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

8. Israel is the only country in the world which, having no outlet to the Caspian sea, exports of sturgeon and black caviar.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

9. Scientists surprised — in the Caspian sea sturgeon begins to “spawn” only with the attainment of 13-15 years — puberty. Apparently, the climate of Israel, and perhaps some technology that the Israelis did not disclose, has reduced this period to 3-4 years.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

10. The main producers of caviar are Russia and Iran. The main poachers in the Caspian sea — the Russians and the Azerbaijanis. It was here, on his return from spawning from the Volga to the Caspian sea, the sturgeon population is significantly reduced. Another 10% is produced in southwestern France, in the Bordeaux valley rivers, where sturgeon come to spawn. In Iran, poaching severely punished. To Turkmenistan sturgeon barely reach.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

11. Over the past 15 years the population of sturgeon in the Caspian sea has decreased by 40 times. Due to the environmental disaster, the price of a kilogram of black caviar on the world market has increased from 500 dollars to 5 thousand. The reason avalanche spike — a ban on sturgeon fishing in the Caspian sea basin, which produces 90% of all black caviar in the world. From 1 August 2007 in Russia for 10 years has imposed a ban on the production and sale of black caviar. Photo: black caviar closeup.

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Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

12. In the photo: employee of the kibbutz (on the right) takes out the eggs, and the second prepares it for packaging.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

13. Black caviar actually has six colors. This Israeli — grained, bronze tint is one of the best on the planet.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

14. Photo: thousands of small eggs, obtained from sturgeons.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

15. On the photo: eggs seasoned with salt and carefully mix.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

16. Russian term “salted” was transformed into the option Mallosol. The world’s experts on black gold that means “correct, higher grade”.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

17. In Israel, the sturgeon, demand does not enjoy, and all because the sturgeon is a kosher fish. Have kosher needs to be scales. In the photo: worker of the kibbutz during the break.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

18. Photo: kibbutz Director Yigal Ben Tzvi shows a jar of caviar one ounce (28 grams), which is $ 140.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

19. Photo: kibbutz Director Yigal Ben Tzvi holds a young sturgeon from their farm.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

20. Packing of caviar on the banks.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

21. World-renowned chefs prepare an exclusive dinner for wealthy businessmen in Bangkok. On the table, of course, is the voluminous of the caviar.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

22. Caviar is served on the Sundance Film Festival in Park city, USA.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

23. Crackers in the form of figurines “Oscar” served with salmon and caviar during the annual gala reception on the occasion of the ceremony “Oscar” in Hollywood.

Фотограф показал, как делают черную икру. Фото

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