Increasingly, on the Internet find articles, in which fans of the USSR people tell stories about how it was “happy Soviet childhood”! They say that in the USSR children did that I read good books, ate good food, and brought them good and caring teachers in kindergartens and teachers in schools. “Everything was state, everything was controlled, bad government does not want! All the GOST was — food, apartments, generally, the whole life according to GOST was!”
In fact, upon closer examination, all these “pluses Soviet childhood” are common myths that for some reason wander from forum to forum. In this post I have collected the main myths of the “happy Soviet childhood”, in which many (and possibly you) continue to firmly believe.
So in today’s post – a collection of myths about “happy Soviet childhood”. Come under kat, there interesting. Well, friends to add do not forget)
1. The myth of the “great nurseries and kindergartens”.
Almost all the years of its existence the USSR was proud to say he’s kindergartens more than in the US — must be those damned Pindos soon die. But, bent quite this Response! This myth was based on the same basis as the myths about infinitely huge tons of iron and huge quantities of harvested grain, supposedly due to show the best situation in the economy.
Billions of tons of iron in the United States was not for one simple reason — in a more modern production chains he simply wasn’t needed. With the kindergartens were approximately the same situation is in the US single earner of the family (often the father) could provide for the family. In the Soviet Union, both parents were forced to workto feed his family and not be “parasites” (the sentence in the USSR), “maternity leave” for mothers (per year) in the USSR introduced only in 1968 — here you have all the reason such a large number of kindergartens and nurseries.
Now about the quality. As in all other areas, in the Soviet kindergartens flourished the red tape and sectioned. For some offenses the innocent children were punished by standing in the corner in his underpants and was often able to hit — in the Soviet Union, corporal punishment was considered the norm. Often the child does not even understand what he is being punished, but were accustomed to the idea that “power is always stronger” and “I must obey”.
Purely Soviet “collectivise” starts with kindergarten children, even a lot of free and different, involved in all sorts of party games and dances, singing in chorus, circulation systems, etc. — accustomed to the idea that individual aspirations and desires is very bad, and here live a bunch and go order is good.
If you still yearn for the kindergarten “in the USSR”, just think about whether you want to enroll your child in a place where it will go to teach a system, to give a hand for the slightest “free thinking”, some nasty aunt will be able at any moment to knock, and another child will instill the idea that this bald grandfather in the portrait is the genius of all times and peoples, of which none can surpass.
Well, I want to give the baby to a kindergarten? This.
2. The myth of the “perfect baby food, no GMOs!”
I have repeatedly written about the myth of some “especially good” Soviet power (Stadtoase sausages, cereals, potatoes, diluted with milk and blue chickens), but kids need to stay separate. Let’s start with the fact that many children in the USSR were brought up without the breast milk — in the Soviet medical system it was considered the absolute norm. What is bad — Google it, too much to write.
What happened next? From the hospital the child was taken home, where he was not normal baby food. For fun, ask your mom what she fed you in this period learn a lot from scrap products using diluted milk, semolina and grinder mother tried to cook something suitable for young child feeding. According to who, in the 1970-ies (the same one your “blessed stagnation”), about 70% of Soviet babies were obese because of the food almost exclusively carbohydrates. But the rocket was — hoo! And satellites — Woo-hoo! As well as in the field of ballet, we gave the States PI…dully.
The child then got into a nursery school or kindergarten (almost certainly, see myth number 1), where feeding was usually awful — even if the rules relied something good. Remember kindergarten cooks and workers ‘ canteens in the Soviet Union. That, remember? Remember there is at least one thin aunt even in the “worst perestroika”? They are simply not there — from kindergarten canteens products dragged trunks, and dragged everything from the older chefs to the last caretaker, a position meant only “ranking spiritoso” in quality and quantity. What remained children? Children remained liquid is nasty soup, watery semolina with lumps, smelly bread-crumbs chastotnye called “burgers” and boiled until a paste pasta — from food in the kindergarten many of the kids just vomited.
And if it is about other facts about the USSR, you might say, “you Maxim don’t remember how it was”, a Soviet kindergarten I remember clearly — it was all exactly as I write. And it was still one of the best kindergartens in Minsk! I’m scared to imagine what was in the province.
3. The myth of the “great early childhood education and schools”.
The myth about the “great Soviet obrazovanie” — perhaps one of the most enduring and harmful. I already wrote about how the “highly educated Soviet people” at the end vosmidesyatyh years charged jars with water at the TV, and today we’ll talk about school.
Just as in kindergarten, in the Soviet school imposed “corporate values” and were taught to March in formation. All had to wear the same uniform and ties, passing the appropriate “rite of passage”. Education was based on the sectioned left — handed forcibly retrained right-handed, talented and gifted children shovels the teacher would often peck to provodnogo States — “be like everyone else, not stand out, not to show off!” Was popular and the massacre of the “black sheep” — a class consisting of mediocre minds, encouraged and controlled by the gang of 3 or 4 losers could in every way to bait and mock “honors and zubelli” — that is, those who were willing and able to study well, read a lot, etc. of Course, it wasn’t everywhere — but it happened very often with the connivance of the teachers.
Itself the Soviet system of education was erected to “give a performance”. No one really cared about giving the child some basic knowledge and to teach to think freely as long as it ottarabanil all learned and got a good mark, an indicator of “success class” were considered the absence in it the losers and not the presence of some gifted minds.
In General, the Soviet school, children are often left with mediocre knowledge, but vaccinated (often for life) with a feeling that we should “listen to the band” and do not argue with the authorities.
4. The myth about “the freedom of the children in the USSR.”
Soviet ideologists of those years has been mouthing off about what they say in the USSR children some “especially free”, just like in the Soviet system it became possible, etc.
In fact, the childhood of the Soviet child was full of this forced labor in the full sense of the word. Beginning in kindergarten, children were navezuelas “duty” — the children were OBLIGED to take turns to do some campy work, such as cleaning the room, washing Windows, weeding garden beds on the school grounds, etc. “Refuseniks” were subjected to all sorts of ostracism both from the “authorities” (teachers, educators), and within the team.
Moreover, it was considered the “norm” exiled children “potatoes”, and in Central Asia — “the clap”, where forced child labor was achieved in the indicators of “collective farms-millionaires.” Know what cleaning cotton? It’s not a pleasant walk moon-faced Aygul through Sunny fields — it’s hard work in dragging 20 kg bags and hand picking sprayed with defoliants and desiccants plant. This drink is from dehydration and contaminated water chemistry from the river, filtered through a folded sweater. With these works children would often come back sick. Money for it did not pay, this job was considered a “pioneer debt”.
In General, there is no “children’s freedom” in the USSR was not — was a real operation.
5. The myth about the “special safety of Soviet childhood”.
A very popular myth about alleged “special security” of the Soviet childhood — supposedly, at that time “even the doors are not locked, all men were brothers.” Yes, and everyone lived to 150 years and woke up at night from the happy laughter and the keys stored only under the floor mats.
All believers in this myth I recommend to familiarize with the Soviet statistics on robbery and banditry — indicators was very high, even according to official figures. In addition, in those years there were many serial killers and murderers — like Chikatilo or less known Moscow maniac by the name of Mosgaz — Yes, those scary monsters in human form were born in the USSR and was operating under the Soviet system. To pedophilia in those years was also much more tolerant attitude — well, pinched the uncle of the girl’s ass, that’s nothing! Rape Teens also were very frequent — often this has happened with the “potato”, where the girls were sent home from school.
At this point I want to raise another issue — actually, the security environment for the child. Due to the dense and cramped housing children much of the time spent on the street. I grew up in the nineties, when it was still a “Soviet entertainment” of the 1970-80-ies, like cast into the fire of the tanks of dichlorvos, Pugachev of the bolts, carbide, missiles from nitrate and walks on roofs and construction sites.
Must be a complete idiot to say that kids today are conducting more time at the computer and civilized outdoor activities like Cycling or ride on skateboards, “deprived” in comparison with the Soviet. The current childhood much more interesting and safer than the childhood in the USSR.
These myths about growing up in USSR I was able to collect. I would be glad if you share this post with your friends)
And in the comments napisa, so it was your Soviet childhood what do you remember about him?
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