Venice is an extraordinarily beautiful city in the world.
Emerged on a muddy, marshy Islands, the city is not just eked out a normal existence the coastal trade of the portico, but has become one of the most powerful and brilliant empires of the early middle ages. Venice is 118 scattered in the lagoon Islands that people are not just connected by bridges and crossings. Islands fused into a single organism, has evolved from isolated scraps of land in a holistic and delightful town.
Venice is gradually disappearing under the water — this fact faced by the ancient settlers who were forced twice to rebuild the city, moving to higher Islands. Throughout the XX century Venice quickly (up to 5 mm) was immersed in the lagoon, a result of the land sank to 23 cm Main cause of the disaster was made by the industrial extraction of water from artesian wells and, consequently, the lower aquifer of the earth; the gradual flooding of the city also affects the increasing pressure of ground-based objects: buildings, people, etc. After the closure of wells in the subsidence of the city has slowed, but not stopped. According to scientists in Venice could become uninhabitable already in 2028.
To save the unique city developed the project “Moses”, providing for the construction of airtight barriers around the city. The project was approved by experts and was inaugurated in 2003 with the laying of the first stone of Silvio Berlusconi. However, the construction of dams subjected to serious criticism due to low effectiveness of such flood protection, tested in the Netherlands.
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