They spew from the bowels of the earth, these fountains of boiling water.
In areas of modern volcanic activity or, on the contrary, the late stages of volcanism can form hot springs, periodically throwing couples and hot water. Such springs are called geysers, in honor of the area a Geyser in Iceland, where they were first discovered. Gushing hot spring appears due to the fact that the channel is in the earth is filled with superheated water and when the steam pressure reaches a certain value, a column of boiling water is thrown outward.
On the planet known not too many places where tourists can observe this unique natural phenomenon. Our guide will tell you what the corners of untouched nature, where from the bowels of the earth spewing the most incredible water fountains.
Great Geysir, Iceland
Is the geyser valley in the catchy title Haukadalur. Geysir erupts infrequently, and in a few years may be in sleep mode. During the activity it is to throw hot water up to a height of 60 meters.
Old faithful geyser, Yellowstone, USA
With a frequency of approximately 63 minutes cone geyser throws a stream of water from a height of 30 to 60 meters, containing from 14 to 32 thousand liters of water. Old faithful was the first geyser Yellowstone national Park, which received the name. It happened in 1870. Now the power of the geyser gradually decreases and increases the interval between emissions.
It is the world’s largest cold-water geyser. He is at rest in just 1.5 hours, after which he throws 50-60 meters of water jet. It lasts about 8 minutes.
Suwako, Nagano, Japan
In Nagano, you can observe not only the snow monkeys, otogrevshis in hot springs. Here is one of the world’s largest geysers. With an interval of about one hour from the geyser breaks the stream of water from a height of 40-50 metres.
A 40-minute drive from the centre of Ensenada is the world’s largest marine geyser. A jet of water is displaced under the influence of air that gets into sea caves. The height of the jet can reach 44 m, but the phenomenon occurs every minute and is accompanied by a rumbling sound.
Giant Kamchatka, Russia
Of the biggest geyser of the Valley of geysers fountain bursts of hot water up to a height of 35 meters. The steam from the geyser can rise to a height of 300 metres. The eruption lasts about two minutes. During this time the geyser is thrown into the air about 25 000 liters of water.
El Tatio, Chile
The valley of geysers is located in the Andes, at an altitude of 4320 meters. The place is recognised as the highest plateau in the world with geothermal activity of geysers. In the Park there are about 80 active sources. The maximum height of the eruption is about 30 meters.
Pohutu, New Zealand
The geyser valley in Rotorua is considered the most powerful among all of its geothermal sources. Up he throws the jet height of 30 meters. The eruption of hot water and steam occurs about once per hour.
Castle geyser, Yellowstone, USA
The name of the geyser got thanks to whimsical forms in which researchers spotted the turret and scalloped edges, reminiscent of the castle. The geyser erupts every 10-12 hours, throwing in the air for 20 minutes a column of boiling water with a height of 27 meters.
Geysir is a geothermal area near the canyon of the hvita river. It erupts every 4-8 minutes. The height of the jets is in the range of 15-20 meters. Sometimes the geyser happy with the present natural show, throwing water and steam three times in a row.
In 1916, in the North-West of the state of Nevada while drilling the borehole for the well was accidentally punched a geothermal pocket. After almost 50 years, the water from the subsoil began to seep to the surface, forming a bizarre landscape. The jet produces a geyser to a height of only 1.5 meters, but due to its unusual shape and color of an event action is fascinating for its natural beauty.
© 2016, z-news.link. All rights reserved.