Visited not only Belka and Strelka.
It is believed that Laika was the first dog launched into space, Belka and Strelka became the tailed beasts, who managed to return from there. It is not so, but they received their portion of fame and become celebrities.
Photo Belka and Strelka with their first press conference. Postcard, 1960.
Since 1951, Soviet engineers and scientists were sent to space flight that many dogs. Initially they flew above the atmosphere on fire the missile and immediately descended back to Earth.
It was not purebred animals, and the usual yard dog. But they were compliant with stringent requirements. So, the dog had to be small, 6-7 pounds, hardy, able to endure physical exertion and definitely short-haired. Pampered purebred Bobby demanded too much care and a special diet that did not suit the scientists. Paradoxically, in the 1950-60s any Soviet man in the street could become an astronaut.
To confuse the intelligence of other countries, the dogs had several nicknames at the same time. They often had to rename the day before the start to “better sound”. Now the dog’s a black dog named Snowball called Ember.
Matchbox label, USSR, 1957. This is the first of many subsequent images of Soviet dogs in space.
A top Japanese company S. I. Toys, 1958. The dog Laika is the “rocket”, vaguely similar to the spacecraft “Sputnik 2”.
November 3, 1957 in the space on the Soviet ship “Sputnik-2” was launched the dog Laika. She became the first derived Earth orbit, but, unfortunately, never came back alive. Next, Fox and gull, were killed at the start, when they blew up the rocket.
The artist L. Aristov portrayed the Squirrel and the Arrow in the “cockpit” of the rocket. Postcard 1972.
Belka and Strelka fly on a rocket. Christmas card 1960 artist Sveshnikov.
In August 1960, Belka and Strelka became the first animals-cosmonauts successfully orbit the Earth in the daily orbital flight. The spacecraft “Sputnik-5” is made of 17 turns with a menagerie on Board. Besides dogs, there was a rabbit, 40 mice, a couple rats and plants.
On the return of Belka and Strelka became celebrities. In the USSR, these wonderful dogs have been immortalized on posters, candy wrappers, cigarette packs, stamps and postcards. Even was released porcelain figurines in the style of Gzhel, made in the shape of a rocket with two dogs looking out the Windows.
Belka and Strelka look out of the Windows of the rocket. Ceramic jug Gzhel.
Tin box for candy, decorated with images of Hands and Proteins. These gifts were given to young visitors to the Kremlin Christmas tree, 1961.
“The adventures of Belka and Strelka”, a popular children’s book by Yuri Galperin, 1961.
In the period from 1957 to 1966, eight dogs made a successful orbital missions in the Soviet space program. And more Dinghy flew the first missiles of the USSR in 1950-ies.
Space flight dogs on the moon. The label matchbox 1959.
Space propaganda poster by the artist K. Ivanov, 1960.
The dog star on a tin box for candies, 1960.
Space dog Shrimp a postcard from Italy in 1960.
Cover of the book “Soviet space dogs”
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