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The most extensive eruptions of 2016. Photo

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. ФотоBeautiful and frightening phenomenon.

On Earth there are about 1,500 active volcanoes, 50 of them annually erupt, throwing into the air steam, ash, toxic gases, and lava. 2016 was relatively quiet in terms of volcanic eruptions, although some of the eruption was impressive.

Overview of interesting volcanic eruptions in 2016 on the planet. For starters, you can remember how volcano erupts in 2015.

1. The eruption of the volcano Sinabung in North Sumatra province, Indonesia, on 29 February 2016. Located in the Northern part of the island of Sumatra, 60 km southwest of Medan. Height over sea level of 2 460 meters.

27 Feb 2016 volcano Sinabung spewed a column of ash and hot gas up to a height of three kilometers, the collapsed dome and poured out lava. (Photo By Sutanta Aditya | NurPhoto):

Soputan active stratovolcano in Indonesia, January 5, 2016. Is a young cone with relative height of 580 meters, located on the more ancient volcanic basement (in a more ancient Caldera Tondano). (Photo By Adwit B Pramono | Antara Photo Agency | Reuters):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

This active volcano Bromo on East Java, Indonesia, on 5 January 2016. Has a height of 2392 meters. The volcano Bromo is part of the national Park Bromo-TenGer-Semeru. Is one of the most popular tourist attractions in East Java because of its availability. (Photo By Darren Whiteside | Reuters):

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Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

The thunder and lightning. The current eruption of the stratovolcano Sakurajima, located in the Osumi Peninsula of the island of Kyushu in the Japanese Prefecture of Kagoshima, February 5, 2016. The height of the volcano — 1117 meters, and covers an area of about 77 km2. Have Sakurajima there are three peaks. (Photo By Kyodo | Reuters):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

Guard misses crazy people to ERTA Ale volcano, located in the remote afar region in northeast Ethiopia, February 27, 2016. The name of the volcano means “Smoking mountain”. (Photo Eric Lafforgue):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

The volcano Piton de La Fournaise, the height of 2631 m in the Southeast of reunion island in the Indian ocean (Mascarene Islands), 11 Sep 2016. (Photo Richard Bouhet):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

What you can do on the volcano? Ride down the slope. This active volcano Cerro Negro, located in Nicaragua, in the Department of Leon. The altitude of 728 metres. (Photo By Inti Ocon):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

Nishinoshima island formed by the eruption of an underwater volcano in 2013. And it continues to grow. (Photo By Kyodo | Reuters):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

It is an active shield volcano Kilauea on the island of Hawaii, September 28, 2016. Kilauea is the youngest of terrestrial and Hawaiian volcanoes one of the most active volcanoes on Earth. (Photo USGS):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

Scientists collect fresh lava samples from Kilauea volcano for chemical analysis. (Photo HVO | USGS):

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Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

Lava formed during the eruption of a volcano in the magma at the Earth’s surface. As a result of cooling and the interaction with the gases comprising the atmosphere, magma changes its properties, forming lava.

So the lava from Kilauea volcano makes its way. (Photo HVO | USGS):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

Lava from different volcanoes are different. It differs in composition, color, temperature, and impurities. The average flow rate of the lava is several meters per day, and the temperature is 800-900 °C. (Photo HVO | USGS):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

And again rowdy volcano Sinabung, October 31, 2016. (Photo Tibta Pangin):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

The river of lava from Kilauea volcano in Hawaii. Color hot lava — dark or black-red. Frozen silicic lava can form volcanic glass black in colour. Such glass is obtained when the melt cools down quickly, not having time to crystallize.

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

A drop of lava from Kilauea into the Pacific ocean — a beautiful sight. (Photo By Caleb Jones):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

The meeting of two elements — water and fire. (Photo HVO | USGS):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

The Tungurahua volcano (“throat of Fire”), located 135 kilometers from the capital of Ecuador, Quito, woke up in 1999 and since then from time to time eruptions happen. (Photo By Juan Cevallos):

Самые масштабные извержения вулканов 2016 года. Фото

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