Destructive force of water.
Water flowing in natural streams and rivers, living in the seas, changes the topography of land, washing away loose rocks, removing debris. But there are extremely painful conditions in which water becomes a real formidable weapon that kills and destroys everything in its path.
The worst ravages are such rare and terrible attack of water, like a huge tsunami wave washes away all of the earth’s surface. Such waves arise as a result of underwater earthquakes. The last time the water element of the earth often gives trouble to the inhabitants of coastal zones. Perhaps we, the people, without adequately respect their planet. Do not consider the flow rate and trajectory, we build where it is impossible to destroy what is not allowed. Drained, nodream, driven into the concrete and change the direction. Suffice it to recall the numerous man-made reservoirs, dams, hydroelectric power plants and many other things that man creates, at times without calculating the consequences of their actions.
The earthquake and tsunami in Alaska in 1964.
March 27, 1964 was good Friday, but the Christian day of worship was interrupted by the earthquake in the 9.2 — the strongest ever recorded in North American history. The subsequent tsunami wiped Western North American coastline with the face of the earth (also hitting Hawaii and Japan), causing the death of 121 people. The waves were was up to a height of 30 metres and 10-metre tsunami wiped out the tiny Alaskan village of Chenega.
Earthquake and Samoa tsunami 2009
In 2009, the Samoan Islands experienced an earthquake of magnitude 8.1 points, at 7:00 on the 29th of September. Followed by a tsunami up to 15 meters deep for miles into the country, swallowing up villages and causing widespread destruction. Killed 189 people, many of them children, but further loss of life was avoided due to the Pacific tsunami Warning Centre, which gave people time to evacuate to the hills.
1993 Hokkaido earthquake and tsunami
12th July 1993, 80 miles off the coast of Hokkaido, Japan, earthquake of 7.8 points. The Japanese authorities responded quickly, issuing a tsunami warning, but the small island of Okushiri was outside aid. After only minutes after the earthquake, the island was covered with giant waves — some of which reached 30 meters in height. 197 of the tsunami victims out of 250 were residents of Okushiri. Although some were saved by memories of the 1983 tsunami that hit the island 10 years before, causing a quick evacuation.
1979, the Tumaco earthquake and tsunami
At 8:00 on December 12, 1979, an earthquake of magnitude 7.9 points began near Columbia and the Pacific coast of Ecuador. The tsunami that followed, destroyed six fishing villages and a large part of the city of Tumaco, as well as several other Colombian coastal cities. 259 people dead, while 798 were injured and 95 were missing.
In 2006, the earthquake and tsunami in Java
17th July 2006 the bottom of the sea near Java was rocked by an earthquake of magnitude 7.7. Tsunami 7 meters high crashed into the Indonesian coast, including 100 miles of the coast of Java, which was successfully not affected the 2004 tsunami. The wave penetrated more than a mile inland, flattening the settlement and seaside resort of Pangandaran. At least 668 people died, 65 proaly, and more than 9,000 required medical assistance.
1998 earthquake in Papua New Guinea and tsunami
The earthquake of magnitude 7 struck the Northern coast of Papua New Guinea on 17 July 1998 does not itself triggering strong tsunami. However, the earthquake triggered a large underwater landslide which in turn produced waves 15 meters high. When the tsunami struck the coast, it caused at least 2,183 deaths, 500 missing, and made approximately 10,000 residents homeless. Numerous villages were heavily damaged, while others, such as AROP and Warapu, was completely destroyed. The only positive thing was that it gave scientists a valuable understanding of the threat of submarine landslides and unexpected tsunamis that they can cause that will save lives in the future.
1976, earthquake Morro Bay and tsunami
Early morning, 16th August 1976, the small island of Mindanao in the Philippines was struck by an earthquake with a strength of at least 7.9. The earthquake caused a huge tsunami that crashed into 433 miles of coastline, where residents are unaware of the danger and managed to escape to higher ground. Overall, 5,000 people died and a further 2,200 reported missing, 9,500 wounded and more than 90,000 inhabitants were left homeless. The city and region throughout Northern region Telemessage sea of the Philippines have been wiped off the face of the earth tsunami, which is considered among the worst natural disasters in the country’s history.
1960, the Valdivia earthquake and tsunami
In 1960, the world experienced the strongest earthquake since the beginning of tracking such events. 22nd of may is the Great Chilean Earthquake at 9.5 points began off the southern coast of Central Chile, causing a volcanic eruption and a devastating tsunami. In some areas the waves reached 25 meters high, while the tsunami also swept across the Pacific ocean, approximately 15 hours after the earthquake hitting Hawaii and killed 61 people. Seven hours later waves struck the coast of Japan, causing the deaths of 142. A total of 6,000 killed.
Tohoku earthquake 2011 and tsunami
While all the tsunami threat, tsunami, Tohoku 2011 that struck Japan, has some of the most unfortunate consequences. March 11th wave at 11 meters was registered after the 9.0 earthquake, although some reports mention the horrific heights up to 40 meters with waves traveling 6 miles inland, as well as the enormous 30-metre wave that hit coastal city of Ofunato. Approximately 125,000 buildings were damaged or destroyed, the transport infrastructure suffered heavy losses. Approximately 25,000 people were killed, the tsunami also damaged the Nuclear plant Fukushima I, causing the International Nuclear disaster Scale. The full consequences of this nuclear disaster are still unclear, but radiation has been detected 200 miles from the station.
2004 Indian ocean earthquake and tsunami
The world was stunned by the deadly tsunami that struck countries surrounding the Indian ocean on 26 December 2004. The tsunami was the most deadly ever, with more than 230,000 victims, affecting people in 14 countries, with the largest number of victims in Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India and Thailand. A strong undersea earthquake had a magnitude of 9.3 points, and the deadly waves it caused reached 30 meters high. Massive tsunami flooded some of the coastline in 15 minutes, and some after as much as 7 hours after the initial earthquake. Despite having time to prepare for the impact of the waves in some places, the lack of a warning system for tsunamis in the Indian ocean has led to the fact that most riparian zones had been caught off guard. However, some places were saved thanks to local superstitions and even knowledge of children who learned about tsunamis in school.
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