The Russian defense Minister, army General Sergei Shoigu, along with colleagues from Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan participated in the opening ceremony of the sculptural composition on motives of a film of Sergey Bondarchuk “They battled for the Homeland”, released in 1975.
The Minister of defence of Russia Sergey Shoigu opened a sculptural composition “They fought for the Motherland”
According to Sergei Shoigu, sculpture is the “monument to the people who immortalized the feat of our soldiers and our country in the movies.” He expressed the hope that such monuments to heroes of the great Patriotic war will appear throughout the former USSR.
The Russian defense Minister in his speech said, We continue our tradition in conservation and preservation of the memory of the heroes of our Fatherland, those who defended the country in the most difficult years in its history. We would like to see this tradition continued, that is why in the year of the movie, we open this monument. What we have here, my colleagues, the defence Ministers of the CIS countries, suggests that we have a common history that we should preserve, multiply and pass on to future generations.”
The monument, set on Frunzenskaya embankment
The sculpture, cast in bronze and representing five successive figures of the characters in the film, set in front of the building of the Russian Ministry of defense on Frunzenskaya embankment. The solemn ceremony was attended by veterans of the great Patriotic war, as well as relatives of the actors and the Director of the film “They fought for the Motherland”. Among the guests was also attended by Irina Konstantinovna Skobtseva, people’s artist of the RSFSR, the widow of film Director Sergei Bondarchuk, and mother of a novel. In the film “They fought for their Homeland” actress played the role of a medic; also known for roles Helen in Kuragino the movie “War and peace”, Desdemona in the Soviet adaptation of Shakespeare’s tragedy “Othello” and Vasilisa ilinichny in the television film “the Quiet don”.
Irina Skobtseva in the role of medic in the film “They fought for the Motherland”
When Sergei Bondarchuk undertook the adaptation of the unfinished novel by Mikhail Sholokhov, the writer initially refused the Director in this law, but then still agreed, putting the only condition: the picture should be in the field of real battle near the village Melyahovetsky Volgograd region. The shooting took place in conditions close to real, with the use of military equipment and explosives. Subsequently, the film “They fought for the Motherland” became the winner of several international awards: the prize of the Union of anti-fascist fighters of Czechoslovakia at the XX international film festival in Karlovy vary, the prize for best Director, prize for the best male role and best performance of the secondary female role at the festival in Panama, as well as the state prize of the RSFSR behalf of the Vasilyev brothers.
“They fought for the Motherland”. Movie trailer
The main roles in the famous film played Vasily Shukshin, Yuri Nikulin, Vyacheslav Tikhonov, Sergey Bondarchuk, Georgiy Burkov, Innokenty Smoktunovsky. For many of the actors of the film the war is a personal tragedy and personal heroism. The Bondarchuk (in the picture he played Ivan Zvyagintsev) was the participant of military operations – from 1942 to 1946 the Director served in the red army.
Fragment from the film “They fought for the Motherland”
Yuri Nikulin, who played the role of an ordinary Nekrasov, immediately after graduating from high school he was drafted into the army, served in the anti-aircraft battery near Sestroretsk during the Soviet-Finnish war and during the great Patriotic war near Leningrad. The actor was wounded during an air RAID on the Northern capital, but immediately after discharge from the hospital went to the 72-th separate anti-aircraft division at Kolpino. During the war, Yuri was awarded the medals “For courage” (originally was presented the order of Glory III degree), “For defense of Leningrad” and “For victory over Germany”. Nikolai Volkov (the role Nikiforova) was a tanker and fought in the First TRANS-Baikal front and Rzhev. The role of the Lieutenant Goloskov Nikolai Gubenko born August 17, 1941 in the catacombs, during the bombing. His father died at the front before the birth of Nicholas, and his mother was hanged in 1942 for refusing to cooperate with the German occupiers.
Photos from the filming of the picture archive of the “Ogoniok”magazine
Innokenty Smoktunovsky, who in the film got the role of the surgeon in the beginning of the war and he worked for the hospital at a military unit located in Krasnoyarsk. In January 1943 the innocent, who was only eighteen years old, was sent to a private on the front. He participated in the battles at the Kursk bulge, crossing of the Dnieper, in the liberation of Kiev. For being under enemy fire wading through the Dnieper gave war dispatches to the headquarters 75th division, was awarded the first medal “For courage”. He was captured, spent a month in prisoner of war camps, but he managed to escape. So he was in a partisan unit, which is then merged with a guards rifle regiment of the 102nd division. In the post of a commander of a company of machine gunners Innokenty Mikhailovich took part in the liberation of Warsaw. He met the victory in the German town of Grevesmühlen.
Innokenty Smoktunovsky played the role of a surgeon
The role of Peter Fedorovich Lopakhin in the film “They fought for the Motherland” was the last great Soviet writer, screenwriter, Director and actor Vasily Shukshin, who was only 45 years old. He died during the filming of the night of October 2, 1974. Work on the film was suspended, and later some scenes involving his character were shot in Moscow by attracting understudy, Yuri Solovyov, who once studied with Shukshin on the same course at VGIK. Lopakhin Was Voiced By Igor Yefimov.
Vasily Shukshin in the role of Lopakhin in the film “They fought for the Motherland”
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