The level of xenophobia in Russia is higher than in the time of the collapse of the Soviet Union, but declining in 2013. The core of xenophobia is 8-15% of the adult population of the country, “jumping” in moments of social crisis to 20%, said the head of “Levada-center” Lev Gudkov Monday at the conference “Protecting the future”.
As reported “Interfax”, the overall situation in the country, Gudkov described as “latent aggressiveness, which can be expressed in open aggression only if it provided a national mobilization if the affected state.”
Levada said that in the years after the Soviet collapse, “the level of diffuse, massive xenophobia has risen significantly”. The last surge of ethnic tensions accounts for 2013. Then, as a result of confrontation with the West, Russia and the hybrid war in Ukraine General internal xenophobia in the country decreased and restructured.
According to Gudkov, the installation of anti-Caucasian, who played “fiddle” till 2013, gave way to anti-Roma and anti-immigrant sentiment, particularly towards migrant workers from Central Asia, as well as racist attitudes toward Chinese and blacks and moderate anti-Chechen sentiments. Rose and anti-Ukrainian sentiment, said Gudkov. Anti-Semitic sentiments remain the same, at quite a low level.
The people that make up the “core” of xenophobes, according to him, combined anti-Semitic, racist and xenophobic views, they feel disadvantaged and have a high propensity to aggression. The second category of citizens is more passive environment supporters xenophobes. These people share the racist slogans, but not ready for open action in their support. Also they are willing to endorse repressive measures against migrants or people of other nationalities from the state. The prevalence of this group of beeps is estimated at 20-30% of the population in addition to the “core”.
He also noted the weakening of the immune system for xenophobia and anti-Semitism: in the mid-1990s against all forms of xenophobia and racism played about half of the population, and today the signs of rejection, such manifestations are observed only 25-30% of the population.
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