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The goal of the new NASA Rover

Названы цели нового марсохода NASANASA has announced plans to create another Rover.

The scientific program of the Rover “Mars-2020” may include the study and collection of potential samples of “Martian life” is not in one but in two points on the surface of the red planet, reports the news service of the journal Nature.

“The scientific community is leaning toward “mega-mission”. If we are planning to return samples of Martian rocks to Earth, then they should be so that we would have enough for a century,” said Bethany, Ellmann (Bethany Ehlmann), a planetary scientist from the California Institute of technology in Pasadena (USA).

In December 2012, after the successful landing of the Curiosity Rover in Gale crater on the equator of Mars and began studying the secrets of this dry lake, NASA announced plans to build another Rover that should go to the red planet in 2020.

As initially emphasized in NASA this Rover in its innards will be a full heir Curiosity – it will be based on the same platform as the fourth Rover NASA, but will be equipped with a different set of tools. Their main purpose is not the search for traces of water, and to test the capability of Mars in the past and today to maintain life.

Because foreign policy issues this Rover, unlike the two other Mars missions, NASA’s Curiosity Rover and probe Mars Odyssey will not be equipped with Russian water detector NORD, which was developed for this Rover in the group IKI Igor Mitrofanov. On the other hand, on Board the “Mars-2020”, has not yet received an official name, will set the microphone, which will allow us for the first time to “hear” the sounds of Mars.
While NASA has not selected a place to land their fifth Rover – this role is now claimed by the crater, Jezero plateau Big Syrt and Gusev crater. Each of these regions could contain traces of ancient Martian life, and while Farley and his colleagues are not prepared to say which of them attracts more of them.

This week, NASA invited the world’s leading planetary scientists to discuss a possible landing point “Mars-2020” and the definition of the key scientific objectives of the mission. It is, as noted by Thomas Zurbuchen (Thomas Zurbuchen), head of the science division of NASA, will be selected in the coming months.

These discussions, as reported by Nature, yesterday took an unexpected turn – the majority of scientists preferred to choose not one, but two points to the fifth landing of the NASA Rover. Planetary scientists drew attention to the fact that the Syrt plateau and crater Jezero are separated by only 28 miles, which is comparable with how far left the Rover from the landing site in six years.

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