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The Falcon 9 rocket punched a huge hole in the ionosphere

Ракета Falcon 9 пробила огромную дыру в ионосфереScientists say that the way they watched the large circular shock wave caused by the missile launch.

During the launch of the satellite Formosat-5 Falcon 9 rocket made a hole with a diameter of 900 kilometers in the ionosphere. A study of Taiwanese and American scientists published in Space Weather.

Rocket five minutes climbed to an altitude of over 300 kilometers, most of the way moving almost vertically, which led to the formation of a giant circular shock waves. Scientists say that the way they watched the large circular shock wave caused by the missile launch.

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After 13 minutes after launch vehicle in the ionosphere of the Earth arose a breach that led to failures in the operation of the navigation system over the Western U.S. territories and adjacent areas of the Pacific ocean with a total area of 1.8 million square kilometers. Error of GPS sensors, caused by the second stage of the Falcon 9, was one meter.

This effect persisted for two to three hours, and its effects on navigation devices comparable to a local disturbance of the magnetic field.

Usually shortly after the launch of a space rocket is moving at a height of 80-100 kilometers almost parallel to the surface of the planet, producing a V-shaped shock wave in the ionosphere of the planet. ArsTechnica notes that to reach a height of 300 kilometers, the Falcon 9 managed because of the relatively small mass of Formosat-5 (475 kilograms).

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The ionospheric layer of the atmosphere is the height of 60-1000 kilometers from the surface of the Earth. Taiwan satellite remote sensing Formosat-5 launched a Falcon 9 rocket SpaceX is 24 August 2017.

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