The military conflict in Eastern Ukraine continues to have a detrimental effect on the migration process.
Cases of exit of citizens of Ukraine in search of work will increase another 2-3 years. However, this trend will begin to subside in the medium term.
As informs a press-service of the NBU in Facebook, the termination of a mass Exodus of people abroad will subsequently be called “a certain convergence of wage levels and productivity.” In addition, according to Nikolaychuk, Ukraine will improve the quality of life together with the growth of population. Such data the Director of the Department of monetary policy and economic analysis of the NBU Sergey Nikolaichuk said in an interview with the Polish news Agency Polska Agencja Prasowa Biznes.
According to the representative of the national Bank, such a prognosis can be explained, in particular, the difference in wages in Ukraine and Poland. The level of wages in the country-neighbor three times that wage in our state that can’t be fixed for a couple of years. That is why the number of people willing to go outside of the Ukraine to work, increases.
Also, the official noted that the military conflict in Eastern Ukraine continues to have a detrimental effect on the migratory process in Ukraine and changes in the migration card in terms of share of regions in migration.
So, according to the representative of the national Bank, in 2015, people migrated to Poland most often from the Western regions of Ukraine, and now a large proportion of the Eastern region. Nikolaychuk also acknowledged that immigration has created problems in the domestic labour market. Emigration in this scale can adversely affect Ukraine’s GDP. The official presented the calculations of the national Bank, according to which for two years the emigration of Ukrainians of personnel potential of Ukraine fell by 5-8%, but with fluctuations.
Previously, the equivalent was only 3-4%, so the assessment should be periodically reviewed. Departing from all – around 70% are men. Age rate of about 35% are people up to 30 years, which can already be called a trend.
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