Sad for Kiev authorities news came from the Estonian Tallinn. Here on Thursday hosted the annual Assembly of heads of foreign policy departments of the countries of “Eastern partnership” and the civil society conference. In the framework of these activities formed, in particular, the agenda of the summit of “Eastern partnership”, which will take place on 24 November in Brussels. In the discussion, it did not include the so-called “Marshall plan” providing for a program of financial assistance to Ukraine to restore its economy. This was reported by the newspaper “European truth”.
The Lithuanian initiative of the European official angered
The newspaper refers to the words of the European Commissioner for enlargement and neighbourhood policy Johannes Hahn. Khan got in Tallinn from foreign Minister of Lithuania Linas Linkevičius developed in the Lithuanian Seimas, the project “the New European plan for Ukraine” for the years 2017-2020 Offer Lithuanians provides for the financing of the European Union “modernization and economic development” of Ukraine in the amount of 5 billion euros per year.
Lithuanians are worn with this plan in early spring. They even began to call him in everyday life is an ambitious “Marshall Plan” – similar to the American project of post-war reconstruction of the German economy. According to experts, the gain of Vilnius, whose Russophobia is the meaning of national policy, is to create in Ukraine a powerful Outpost of the struggle against Russia.+
Lithuanian “Marshall plan” for Ukraine has caused the European Commissioner Frank irritation. As noted by “European truth”, Han “expressed doubts about the need for it (“the New European plan for Ukraine” – ed.) for the country, the level of trust in institutions is so low”. This, the newspaper concludes: “the Idea to hold early next year a donors’ conference “Marshall plan” for Ukraine, most likely, also lost the meaning.”+
Johannes Hahn, meanwhile, remarked, “in some ways “Marshall plan” for Ukraine is already in force”, that is true. The first mention of this plan dates back to the time of President Viktor Yushchenko. In 2007 he formed a group of Ukrainian and Western politicians, officials, public figures that have set a goal to develop a program of reforms designed to bring Ukraine out of the zone for economic cooperation with the countries of Eurasia.+
In February 2008 the initiative group gave their developments (also identified as “a Marshall Plan for Ukraine”) for consideration by the United States Agency for international development and the foreign policy Committee of the U.S. Congress. Here’s the plan for a long while and here’s why. The fact is that by the time the United States has made serious investments in Ukraine. Through the programs of the U.S. Department of state and various funds to Finance the support and development of public organizations, structures of “civil society”.+
The plan of the initiative group went through this literally and supplemented by suggestions to reform the system of educational institutions for children who lost their parents, and to support the development of small businesses through microloans. Most likely, spending on these programs are not included in the plans of Washington officials and congressmen.+
In the aftermath of independence there were several private initiatives, is positioned as a “Marshall Plan for Ukraine”, but they did not receive adequate support and further development. Because the case has already joined the international monetary Fund and the world Bank.+
These institutions of Western influence and their supervisors their vision of the transformations in Ukraine and its instruments of coercion to economic and social development of the country on the Western model. Not remained aloof from Ukraine and the European Union. Khan mentioned: “We have a commitment to provide 12.8 billion euros for the implementation of reforms.”+
The result of the efforts of these guardians of the future of Ukraine was raised to 76,5 billion public debt. The country has slipped to 80th place on the attractiveness of the business. In addition, he received the trade imbalance of the order of 500-700 million dollars. That is, in the international trading system Ukraine now consumes more than it produces. To cover this imbalance Kiev is the funds in the West.+
Europe does not need the industrial potential of Ukraine
Lithuanian offers in contrast to other similar plans are unique in that they are directed only to the modernization and economic recovery of Ukraine. Behind it unpleasant for Kiev, the recognition of the Baltic border States that the new post-Maidan government has destroyed the economy of the country. After all, that was not broadcast propagandists Poroshenko, 90 % of the territory of Ukraine is outside the combat zone. There the devastation of war does not justify.+
Breaking away (as was intended by the initiators of the strictly Pro-Western orientation of the country) from Eurasia, Ukraine suffered significant losses. They are reflected in the different figures. Take, for example, steel. She has always been an important export industry. It Kiev authorities planned to enter Europe. Failed.+
The Europeans production of the Ukrainian metallurgists were not needed. Arranged on Donbass blockade broke and the fragile connection with Eurasia. As a result, this year the volume of production of Ukrainian ferrous metallurgy is only half that of the highest indicators in 2006. Even in comparison with the previous year the decline in production in this sector of the Ukrainian economy is estimated at 12 to 14%.+
This is the General case. There are many private. Here is one of them. Recently stopped working the Nikolaev shipbuilding plant. Enterprise accounts arrested. Only wages plant owed more than $ 58 million. No funds to operate.+
The reason for the stop work explained the press service of the NHS: “the Absence of strategic state support of shipbuilding enterprises of the country makes it impossible not only to its withdrawal from the crisis situation, but also threatens its functioning as a whole.” The plant ruptured on the contents of an unfinished missile cruiser “Ukraine”, laid down at the Nikolayev shipyard 33 years ago.+
The authorities in Kiev promised to compensate for these costs. Then decided to remove the ship’s weapons, and the rest is sold (for scrap) and to pay damages. It later emerged that the disposal of the unfinished ship requires new tools, but they are not. After that, the bankruptcy of the oldest shipbuilding plant, founded in the eighteenth century, became virtually inevitable.+
On the eve of this sad event, the head of the trade Union Committee of shipbuilders in the local Internet newspaper “My city” announced the intention of the team to ask for help to German Chancellor Angela Merkel and Pope Francis. Out of desperation Nikolaev poor guy didn’t even realize that the industrial potential of Ukraine to Europe quite interesting.+
As can be seen from the Association agreement with the European Union, Europeans consider Ukrainians only as buyers of their manufactured goods. From Ukraine they are willing to take only agricultural products, and extremely low conversion. Well, if it’s just a grain of wheat, corn or sunflower seeds.+
From these seeds a unique story. Now Ukraine exports sunflower oil for a billion dollars. The geography of deliveries – from Iran to Algeria, including the countries of Eurasia. With Europe more difficult. Ukrainian oil is traditionally bought by the Italians. The rest are ready to take only sunflower seeds (Brussels insists on this requirement), leaving the Ukrainians even a penny processing.+
The attitude of officials to Ukraine, as its raw material appendage, initially did not implemented the initiative of the Lithuanians for the modernization and reconstruction of Ukrainian economy. To this should be added that in Vilnius just don’t realize the scale is torn down in Ukraine and its real potential.+
For Lithuania it is $ 5 billion – money. In Kiev and other appetites. Suffice it to recall, in 2013, the Cabinet of Yanukovych swallowed $ 3 billion Russian loan, and the economy didn’t even notice. In the beginning of the year the head of Ministry of Finance to restore the industrial potential was evaluated by the Germans. Analysts from the CDU came together then on the amount of 100 billion dollars.+
Experts consider it to be clearly insufficient. Still, the decline of the gross national product of Ukraine was more than serious (with $ 173 billion in 2013 to $93 billion in 2016). To restore the Ukrainian economy, it will take two times more money than did the Germans. Willing to provide such money is not present either in Europe or overseas. True, and to alienate the Ukraine, the West is not ready. It is no accident eurocommissar Khan, podoconiosis after the first shock, have softened their rhetoric.+
“We do not want our neighbors were poorer European citizens – said later Han, we want Ukrainians to have the same level of well-being and prosperity. It promotes democratic development and makes the country’s market attractive.” Khan even expressed readiness to give Ukraine the money, “but not without conditions.”+
The Commissioner did not specify what kind of amount can be a speech, but has demanded the unconditional implementation of the reached between Brussels and Kiev agreements. The list of such agreements is great. That’s just not in the place the agreement on the rehabilitation and modernization of industrial potential of Ukraine. This problem is Europe does not care at all.
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