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The doctor suggested how to cope with pain in the throat

Врач подсказала, как справиться с болью в горлеSore throat is one of the most common cold symptoms.

This symptom has a wide range of sensations, from minor irritation to severe discomfort, difficult swallowing.

In most cases, these complaints are the result of a viral infection that causes inflammation of the upper respiratory tract and do not require specific treatment. While there are no tools that could successfully cope with the viruses that cause the common cold (excluding influenza virus). Our body copes with this task, producing in the disease process specific proteins-antibodies that effectively destroy the viruses.

For this reason, no need to rush to the doctor in case of mild course of the disease. Specialist will not be able to affect your recovery — the body will do everything himself, defeating a cold in 3 or 10 days (sometimes a few symptoms can be observed up to two weeks). As for the offer on the market numerous immunomodulators and Immunostimulants, they have not proved its effectiveness, and therefore was not able to accelerate the recovery and treatment for colds is to remove the symptoms of the disease to facilitate the disease — such as the suppression of pain in the throat, advises therapist Vyacheslav Babin.

How to speed up recovery

The General rule with any cold is drinking enough fluids. It reduces the toxicity and accelerates the elimination of destroyed viruses. To ease the pain in the throat, often drink both warm and cold beverages. For example, the use of cold juice or melted ice cream has an analgesic effect by reducing swelling and inflammation of the oropharynx (the same action will have a resolution of a piece of ice). But the use of lozenges with antiseptics or antibacterial drugs rather superfluous — the effect of these drugs are only superficial and are not able to speed the healing process, absorption lozenges can soothe a sore throat only due to the large saliva.

In case of strong discomfort when the background of the disease, your work capacity is markedly reduced — you should use products with analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen or aspirin (the latter can be taken from 18 years). It is also important to maintain sufficient humidity in the room (at least 50%), for example, cleaning the air — the device is able to purify and humidify the air, providing a constant circulation, or placing a wet towel on the battery, although in this case you will only be able to humidify the air, but not clean it, says Vyacheslav Babin.

When it’s time to see a doctor

The combination of the following signs: severe pain in the throat, increased body temperature (above the 38.2), swollen lymph nodes in the absence of cough and runny nose. In this case, a high risk of bacterial (streptococcal) lesions of the oropharynx, therefore the doctor should make the decision about the antibiotics.

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At a moderate sore throat with raids on the tonsils, severe nasal congestion, fever and swollen lymph nodes. You want to exclude infectious mononucleosis. In this situation, is often mistakenly prescribe antibiotics, and you should only relieve the symptoms of the disease.

When severe unilateral pain in the throat (when you find it difficult to swallow and impossible to fully open the mouth), accompanied by weakness and high fever. It is important to exclude paratonzillit, as well as his transition into peritonsillar abscess, which may require antibiotics or even surgical intervention.
The appearance of blood in the saliva or severe shortness of breath. Any inflammatory process can lead to hemoptysis, for example, due to increased vascular fragility or dryness of the pharynx. If the blood in saliva or shortness of breath began to appear angina or pharyngitis, the medical examination required because it may be a signal of disease complications or other more severe disease.

“Now there is a trend to buy advertised drugs from a sore throat, not going to the doctor. As a result of improper treatment, generated the strains of bacteria and microorganisms that are resistant to these agents. This self-medication often leads to a combined infection (viral and bacterial), and the clinical picture is unclear, which complicates the diagnosis. In such a situation, the doctor has to prescribe a more powerful drug with a long list of side effects. The effectiveness of the therapy decreases. In addition, when the pain in the throat can not completely exclude the fact that it may signal not cold, and, for example, about allergic reactions, inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, thyroid disease and other problems,” – says the doctor-the therapist Olga Ivanova.

The combination of the following signs: severe pain in the throat, increased body temperature (above the 38.2), swollen lymph nodes in the absence of cough and runny nose. In this case, a high risk of bacterial (streptococcal) lesions of the oropharynx, therefore the doctor should make the decision about the antibiotics.

At a moderate sore throat with raids on the tonsils, severe nasal congestion, fever and swollen lymph nodes. You want to exclude infectious mononucleosis. In this situation, is often mistakenly prescribe antibiotics, and you should only relieve the symptoms of the disease.

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When severe unilateral pain in the throat (when you find it difficult to swallow and impossible to fully open the mouth), accompanied by weakness and high fever. It is important to exclude paratonzillit, as well as his transition into peritonsillar abscess, which may require antibiotics or even surgical intervention.

The appearance of blood in the saliva or severe shortness of breath. Any inflammatory process can lead to hemoptysis, for example, due to increased vascular fragility or dryness of the pharynx. If the blood in saliva or shortness of breath began to appear angina or pharyngitis, the medical examination required because it may be a signal of disease complications or other more severe disease.

Recovery after antibiotics

I bet you it has happened: for several days you Wake up with a sore throat, and after Breakfast, without leaving a trace. To explain briefly sore throat infection just wrong. So before you start a fight with a non-existent bacteria, make sure that your body is really necessary. A recurring sore throat may be the result of the following processes:

– regular inhalation of air through the mouth with the nasopharynx. For example, when deviated septum, allergic rhinitis, hypertrophy of turbinates and adenoids, when breathing through the nose impossible. In this case, all the time you breathe through your mouth, inhaling the undamped air that causes irritation of the posterior pharyngeal wall and, as a consequence, chronic pharyngitis;

– frequent inhalation of contaminated air, containing dust or chemicals. This is a common problem for residents of large cities and employees of industrial enterprises;

– Smoking tobacco (because of the constant exposure of smoke with resin and chemical components of cigarettes). By the way, regular hookah Smoking can also lead to similar irritation;

– frequent consumption of tea (especially green), foods with lots of spices and cold drinks;

– alcohol abuse. Don’t forget that alcohol is organic solvent, and thus can have quite a strong effect on the tissues of the oropharynx;

– intensive verbal load (usually for singers, speakers, actors, lecturers and teachers);

– irritation of the posterior pharyngeal wall “pairs” of gastric juice in gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD).

When recurring pain in the oropharynx should quit Smoking or at least to limit Smoking to abstain from alcohol, cold drinks, strong tea, food with lots of spices and go to the doctor in these cases to make a diagnosis without examination of the expert and choose the right method of treatment impossible.

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