Archaea survive within 3-21 days with characteristic of Mars low pressures.
American biologists have predicted that some groups of terrestrial archaea able to survive in the cold and the rarefied Martian atmosphere. A study published in the journal Origins of Life and Evolution of Biospheres.
Scientists have conducted experiments with the microbes of the species Methanothermobacter wolfeii, Methanosarcina barkeri, Methanobacterium formicicum and Methanococcus maripaludis. These organisms live in anoxic conditions and produce methane.
Experiments the biologists showed that the archaea to survive within 3-21 days with characteristic of Mars low pressures, reaching 0,006 earth’s atmosphere. This means that these microorganisms could survive on Mars.
Scientists plan to continue their research. First and foremost, biologists plan to assess the viability of archaea at temperatures around minus one hundred degrees Celsius, characteristic of the cold regions of Mars.
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