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Space open, put scientists in a deadlock. Photo

Космические открытия, поставившие ученых в тупик. Фото Scientists have yet to figure this out.

The universe seems to be fond of confounding scientists. Sometimes open, which became sensational for science, are simultaneously the most obscure and forced to push a lot of different theories attempting to explain them. This overview contains just such a space open, they were all done recently and has scientists baffled.

1. Mysterious magnetic field of the moon

Космические открытия, поставившие ученых в тупик. Фото

The moon has remained magnetically inert for the continuation of thousands of years, but a new study confirms that it was not always so. More than four billion years ago the inner molten core of the moon has started to rotate in the direction opposite of the lunar mantle, similar to how it happens on Earth. After that around the moon there was a strong magnetic field. It would seem that it should be weaker than that of the Earth, because of the small mass of the moon, but somehow tiny compared to our planet, the satellite was able to generate a more powerful field than Earth.

No one knows why such a small cosmic body showed such powerful magnetic activity. Theories about this waveguide a lot, but nobody really knows why this could happen. It is also unknown why this field disappeared somewhere around 3.8 to 4 billion years ago. Surprisingly, studies show that the moon’s core is still at least partially is in the molten state.

2. Galaxy age of 13 billion years

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The early universe was something like the proverbial hell in which was boiling a mixture of electrons and protons. It took almost half a billion years before the universe cooled down enough to be able to form neutrons. Soon after that began to form stars and galaxies. Recent deep space exploration using the Subaru telescope in Hawaii have identified seven of the most ancient galaxies known to man.

From a distance of more than 13 billion light years, they look like unimaginably weak points of light. These were born of the galaxy just 700 million years after the Big Bang, and they are among the most ancient objects ever observed by man. These types of galaxies are characterized by an intense production of hydrogen and no heavier elements such as metals (excluding small amounts of lithium).

3. The magic island, Titan

Космические открытия, поставившие ученых в тупик. Фото

The largest moon of Saturn, Titan, may be the most intriguing cosmic body in the Solar system. In fact, this primitive Earth, with its atmosphere and geological activity. In 2013 orbiting spacecraft Cassini has photographed a totally new piece of land, which appeared from the second largest sea of Titan, Lihei. Soon after, the “magic island” as mysteriously disappeared in the translucent waters of the methane-atanasovo sea temperature of minus 200 degrees Celsius.

And then he came back, but his size was no longer. This phenomenon confirms the assumption that the alien oceans and seas of Titan are dynamic components of the active medium and not static objects. However, astronomers are at a loss to explain the physical processes, in which appears an area of land and different in size.

4. Asteroid with rings

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All the gas giants in the Solar system surrounded by rings, though most of these rings represents a very sparse particles of space debris, unlike the spectacular rings of Saturn. Recently astronomers have discovered for the first time ring around a much smaller space body. Meet Chariklo an asteroid with a diameter of 250 kilometers, which also boasts its own system of rings.

Chariklo always looked like an unremarkable chunk of space rock, but one day astronomers noticed an abnormal reflection of light. It turned out that Chariklo have a whole two rings, consisting of ice. The greater width of the ring is about 7 km, and the youngest is 3 km away. the Origin of the rings is unclear, although astronomers think they formed as a result of collision of a foreign body with an asteroid.

5. Where does ultraviolet light

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Scientists are proud that they were able to determine a universal balance between the various substances and processes across the cosmos. One such correlation has been observed between ultraviolet light and hydrogen — both have to coexist in well-defined proportions. However, a recent study showed a huge “underproduction” of photons of ultraviolet light known sources — the difference is 400 % compared to the predicted values.

At the moment scientists have only two processes that lead to the development of ultraviolet radiation — activity in young stars and massive black holes, but UV radiation is there is 4 times more than you can produce these two sources. Astronomers are unable to explain excess production of ultraviolet light and are forced to admit that “at least one thing that used to be considered relatively modern Universe, is not true”.

6. Weird x-rays

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Of the nuclei of galaxies of Andromeda and Perseus come a very strange x-ray pulses. Their range (or so-called “light signature”) does not match any of the known particles or atoms. Astronomers are rubbing their hands in anticipation, as this phenomenon may be the first tangible sign of dark matter.Dark matter – the elusive, invisible mass that makes up most of the mass of the Universe. As suggested by some scholars, it may consist of neutrinos — those strange particles that simultaneously exist and not. Supposedly these particles and produce x-rays in its decay, and this may explain the unexplained fluctuations in the radiation from the above-mentioned centers of galaxies.

7. Sistivity asteroid

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With the help of a telescope “Hubble” was done incredibly curious discovery – an asteroid, “who thinks he’s a comet.” As you know, koment is very bright tails, and asteroids can not boast of such, since they include too little ice (in General they consist of heavy elements and stone). Therefore, the opening of an asteroid, even with not one, but all six tails was an incredible surprise. It is absolutely unclear why the asteroid P / 2013 P5 looks that way. It has been suggested that it is spinning so fast it tears itself to pieces

8. Distant monster HD 106906 b

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Planet HD 106906 b is simply unimaginably huge. This super-monster is 11 times more than Jupiter and its strange orbit clearly proves how little scientists know about planet formation. HD distance from its star is absolutely mind-boggling 650 astronomical units (distance of Earth from the Sun). In the Solar system’s most remote planet, Neptune is at a distance of 30 astronomical units from the Sun. Scientists are trying to understand how such a planet could exist, given its size and the length of its orbit. The problem is that the forces responsible for the formation of planets, as a rule, simply do not exist at such large distances, so we can assume that the HD was created by connecting together fragments from the asteroid belt. However, HD is too massive to like this could happen.

9. Storms on Uranus

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Suddenly, astronomers were puzzled by the Uranium. The second farthest from the Earth planet in the Solar system has always been passionless calm, but for some reason the planet is being literally awash in raging storms. Storms on Uranus, as expected, was to begin in 2007, during the equinox, when the planet is halfway through its 82-year-old orbit. At the same time, scientists believed that a storm on the equator of Uranus is soon to subside. However, this did not happen.

Astronomers from UC Berkeley have recently seen more activity in the Northern hemisphere of the planet is covered with a huge layer of frozen methane. Some of these storms are so huge that close in size to the Earth, and they sparkle so much that even Amateur astronomers can detect large spots of light across the surface of the Uranium. It is possible that similar phenomena on the planet due to similar processes observed at a much more rapid Jupiter.

10. A system of three stars KIC 2856960

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Kepler space Observatory, which, as a rule, is engaged in “hunting” for new planets, but the staff spent four years of his life to the observation of three gravitationally bound stars under the name KIC 2856960. In this system, two small dwarf revolved around a third larger stars. Scientists noticed four daily Eclipse Shine when the binary dwarfs closed each other every six hours. They also noticed a slight decrease in the observed light every 204 days caused by the passage of the third star.

You’d think four years of observations is enough to obtain a complete picture of KIC. But it turned out that astronomers no longer anything to understand how moving the stars and couldn’t even determine their weight. It has been suggested that KIC can be a fourth star, but its orbit should ideally coincide with the orbit of the third (more massive), to create the appearance, if it is a one star.

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