Many of them you could not even guess.
Most people just know the Egyptian pyramids are big, impressive structures built very long time ago in ancient Egypt. Also widely known is the fact that the pyramids served as monumental tombs in which were buried the pharaohs – rulers of ancient Egypt. However, in reality there are much more interesting things and little known facts that many do not know about these fascinating buildings. To expand your knowledge about the Egyptian pyramids, see twenty-five facts below that you may not know.
25. The three most famous Egyptian pyramids are those that are in the Necropolis of Giza (Giza Necropolis), but in fact, in the region of ancient Egypt was discovered about 140 pyramids.
24. The oldest Egyptian pyramid is the Pyramid of Djoser (Pyramid of Djoser), which was built in the Saqqara Necropolis (Saqqara Necropolis) in the 27 century BC.
23. While the Pyramid of Djoser is considered the oldest, the great Pyramid (Pyramid of Khufu) (also known as the Great pyramid of Giza) is the largest. The original height of the pyramid was 146,5 meters, and the present altitude is equal to 138,8 m.
22. Until in England were not built of Lincoln the virgin Mary Cathedral (Lincoln Cathedral) in 1311, the Great pyramid of Giza held the title of tallest building in the world, created by human hands. She held the record for at least 3871 year!
21. The great pyramid of Giza is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (Seven Wonders of the Ancient World), and last, existing at the moment.
20. Estimates of the number of workers involved in the construction of the pyramids, vary widely, however, it is likely that they were erected at least 100 000 people.
19. The pyramids of Giza are guarded by the Large Sphinx (the Great Sphinx), the largest monolithic sculpture in the world. It is believed that the face of the Sphinx was given the resemblance to the face of the Pharaoh Chephren (Khafra).
18. All Egyptian pyramids were built on the West Bank of the Nile river, which is the place of the sunset and was associated with the realm of the dead in Egyptian mythology.
17. The ancient Egyptians buried their noble citizens in the pyramids with burial gifts ranged from household items to the most expensive things such as jewelry. They believed that the dead would use them in the afterlife.
16. The first known architect of the pyramid was Imhotep (Imhotep), an ancient Egyptian polymath, engineer and doctor. He is the author of the first major pyramid – the pyramid of Djoser.
15. While experts generally agree to the hypothesis that the pyramids were built of huge stones, carved with copper chisels in the quarries, the methods used to move them and folding, are still subjects of intense debate and speculation.
14. Another, relatively obvious, is the fact that the methods used for the construction of the pyramids evolved over time. Pyramids of a later period built not as the earliest of the pyramid.
13. After the period of the construction of the pyramids in Ancient Egypt, the outbreak started the construction of the pyramids on the territory of modern Sudan.
12. In the 12th century an attempt was made to destroy the pyramids of Giza. Al-Aziz (Al-Aziz), the Kurdish ruler and the second Sultan of the Ayyubid dynasty (Ayyubid Sultan of Egypt), attempted to carry them, but he had to give up because the task was too broad. However, he managed to damage the Pyramid of menkaure (Menkaure”s Pyramid), where it attempts vertical gaping hole was left in her Northern slope.
11. The three pyramids of Giza are exactly aligned in accordance with the constellation Orion (Constellation of Orion) that could well be the designers as the stars of Orion were associated with Osiris (Osiris), God of rebirth and the afterlife in Egyptian mythology.
10. According to the calculations, the Great pyramid of Giza consists of 2 300 000 stone blocks that weigh from 2 to 30 tons, and some of them even weigh more than 50 tons.
9. Originally the pyramids were covered with facing stones of highly polished white limestone. These stones reflected the sun light and made the pyramid Shine like precious stones.
8. When facing stones were covered with pyramids, they can be seen from the mountains in Israel and maybe even the moon.
7. Despite the wild heat, standing around the pyramids, the temperature in the pyramids themselves actually remains relatively constant and is kept around 20 degrees Celsius.
6. It is quite difficult to calculate exactly however, the weight of the Cheops Pyramid may be approximately 6 million tons.
5. The great pyramid was built facing North. In fact, it is the most carefully aligned to the North structure in the world. Despite the fact that it was built millennia ago, the pyramid is still standing face to the North, with only a minor error. However, the error occurred because the North pole is shifting, and this means that once the pyramid was directed just to the North.
4. On average, the construction of each pyramid took 200 years. This means that it is often built several, and not one pyramid.
3. One of the reasons why the pyramids are so well preserved, is used, a unique cement mortar. He is stronger than real stone, but we still don’t know how they were prepared.
2. Contrary to popular belief, the pyramids probably were not built by slaves or prisoners. They were built of ordinary workers receiving wages.
1. Although many people associate the pyramids with hieroglyphics in the great pyramid of Giza was not found any records or characters.
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