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Scientists explain the rapid growth of black hole masses

Учёные объяснили быстрый прирост массы чёрных дырThe accumulation of dust and gas around a supermassive black hole does not form a solid disk.

British astrophysicists have found, with a maximum speed of supermassive black holes can absorb matter. This discovery they made, watching as a piece of matter the size of the Earth disappears into a black hole of the constellation coma Berenices.

Astrophysics from Leicester University found that the accumulation of dust and gas around a supermassive black hole does not form a solid disk, and the complex structure of the chaotic rings. Diving into the “loopholes” between the rings, matter can accelerate to 100 thousand km/sec. Previously scientists recorded the absorption of matter only small black holes and at a speed not exceeding 29 thousand km/sec.

This discovery, experts from the United Kingdom made watching the galaxy PG211+143, located in the billion light-years from Earth in the constellation coma Berenices. In the center of the galaxy is a supermassive black hole weighing in at 40 million solar masses. Using x-ray space telescope XMM-Newton of the European space Agency scientists have discovered how a black hole “sucks” matter the size of the Earth.

Analyzing the emission spectrum, astrophysicists have calculated that the matter of the galaxy PG211+143 with rapid speed moves in a straight line to the center of a supermassive black hole.

They found an explanation for this phenomenon: it turned out that the disk around such a massive hole “exploded” into separate rings of gas and dust and does not interfere with the free fall of the space object.

According to astrophysicists, this scenario of absorption of a substance are characteristic of supermassive black holes located in the centers of galaxies.

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