When in 2010, Russian scientists Andrei Geim and Konstantin Novoselov received the Nobel prize in physics, it caused delight among the patriots and enthusiasm in a professional environment. However, it soon became clear that the Game citizen of the Netherlands and Novoselov is a British citizen. T&P tells the story of Russian scientists, recognized at the international level doing science abroad.
Achievements: received the Nobel prize in physics, the prize “Evrovizija”, the Mott prize of the international Institute of physics, John Carty award of the National Academy USA, medal of behalf of the Hughes Royal society of great Britain. Has the title of knight bachelor of great Britain.
Country of residence: Holland, UK.
Scientific activities: name of Andrey Geim has thundered for the whole world in 2010 when he and his colleague Konstantin Novoselov were awarded the Nobel prize in physics for the discovery of the material graphene — a layer of graphite with a thickness of only one atom.
By the time of the awards the Game has long-term experience abroad. In 1990 he went to study in Nottingham (UK), and at the end of the internship engaged in direct research activities in Copenhagen and Nijmegen. After working in these cities, the Game disappointed in the Danish and Dutch scientific communities and chose the next destination is Manchester, where together with his disciple and Konstantin Novoselov made the discovery. After Nobel success of the Game was invited to work in SKOLKOVO, but in his interviews clearly gave to understand that home not going back.
The game is an amazing inventor with a great sense of humor. Exactly 10 years to the Nobel prize, he received the IG Nobel prize, which is given for dubious scientific achievements. Game, it was awarded for scientific article about how he made with a huge magnet to levitate a frog.
“Guys, excuse the expression, I need Russian? I got my Nobel prize, I am 50 years old. You (we) need to look not Nobel laureates, and to support those young guys who have something new to discover”
From an interview with the Newspaper.ru.
Achievements: received the Nobel prize in physics, the prize “Evrovizija”, award of the International Union of pure and applied Sciences, was awarded the title of best young scientist from the University of Manchester and the title of knight bachelor of great Britain.
Country of residence: Russia, UK.
Scientific activity: scientific fate Konstantin Novoselov is closely linked with the personality of Andrey Geim — his supervisor. In 1999, Novoselov moved to the Netherlands a few years after Higgins, to the UK. In 2004, the Duo of Russian scientists discovered graphene.
Together with Geim Novoselov also have worked to develop an adhesive tape, which would have a stickiness of the tongue of the Gecko. In 2010, the Nobel prize Committee considered graphene more important discovery than the language of the Gecko, and it is for the invention of heavy-duty material, Geim and Novoselov were awarded this prize. Thus, in 36 years old and Konstantin Novoselov became the youngest Nobel laureate with Russian citizenship.
“I thought there were more opportunities to do science in the West. And this is indeed the case. First, I went to Holland and worked there much harder than in Russia. Then I came to Manchester. In the tradition of all scientists to move from place to place every three to five to seven years, not to stagnate”
From an interview with radio “Freedom”.
Achievements: created the theory of Vapnik–Chervonenkis, was awarded the medal of Franklin, is a member of the U.S. National Academy of Engineering.
Host country: USA, UK.
Scientific work: Vladimir Vapnik is one of the most prominent experts in the field of machine learning. Without waiting for the final collapse of the Soviet Union, in 1990, Vapnik emigrated to the United States, where he began his ascent in large corporations, first in AT&T Bell Laboratories and since 2002, NEC.
Since the mid-nineties, the Professor began to work in the two countries, to lecture at the University of London Royal Holloway and Columbia University in new York. Together with his colleague Alexey Chervonenkis developed the theory of Vapnik–Chervonenkis explaining the principle of minimizing empirical risk.
Achievements: proved a conjecture of Witten opened the Kontsevich integral, received the award poincaré, Crawford prize and mathematical fields.
Host country: France.
Academic achievements: graduate of the MSU, went to Germany in 1993, and later he settled in France where, according to him, business with a concentration in mathematical brains are best. During his scientific career Kontsevich proved brilliantly brought to mind a theorem of Witten and went down in history as the author of the Kontsevich model. Then followed a geometric opening, called “invariant nodes of the Kontsevich”. In 1998 Kontsevich was awarded the fields medals, often called the Nobel prize of mathematics.
Forbes magazine named Maxim Kontsevich one of the ten most influential scientists of Russian origin.
“Before perestroika concentration mathematical brain Moscow was the main city on the planet. Then came Paris, then Boston, Chicago. Now, in my opinion, the leader of Paris. A lot of good universities in America, but there they are scattered across the country. Today, mathematics is booming, life is in full swing: every 15 years everything is completely changed”
From an interview with “AIF”.
Achievements: included in the list stern as the most cited Russian engineer and biologist.
The country: USA.
Scientific activities: Eugene koonin does comparative genomics and explores patterns in the course of evolution. Within their research, Kunin developed a mathematical model of the development of the genome, and also worked on finding the minimal genome — the set of genes sufficient for further reproduction of the body. Eugene since 1991 lives in USA and works at the us National Center for biotechnology information, but it often comes with a lecture in the home of MSU.
Achievements: became a laureate of the Foundation of the Peter Gruber Foundation and the Paul Dirac for his work on the theory of the origin of the Universe, received the medal, Oscar Klein in physics from Stockholm University, the Robinson prize in cosmology from Newcastle University (UK), and in 2006 — medal of the Institute of astrophysics in Paris (France) for the development of inflationary cosmology.
The country: USA.
Scientific activity: for a long time scientists believed that the universe resulted from the big Bang that it is constantly expanding and that one day will cease to exist. Andrei Linde approached the problem from a different point of view and its cosmological theories proved that certain quantum processes make the universe eternally existing and self-perpetuating.
“Now the scientific language of physics — English. Although in America now there is a problem. People are well aware that the same physics is now more difficult to get a job. Quite indicative of the fact that a significant portion of children from Russia, who come to us to do physics, then it cease to engage in, and go to mathematics of Finance”
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