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Sable coat: story cheats

The price of wild fur has always been more than what was prepared for the hunter. On the “soft gold”, rich not his miners, and those who bought it. Bounty hunters would have no opportunity to influence the situation, and furs went for the set buyer price.

The exception to this rule was considered the most valuable and legendary object of trapping the sable. The purchase price of sable skins depended on many factors, chief of which was the color of the fur, or rather, its richness in black.


About the real color of sable hunter learns only when taking a prize into the hands (running away why is it always the black). Work on the prey animal of any color, on average the same, but the dark, and especially black sable much more expensive light. Hunters at all times thought it was unfair and tried with this injustice to fight.

One of the attempts succeeded. The hunters invented the pre-tuning sable furs. Traditional for most ranges sable edit the skins for a short wide Palco allowed to hide the defects of fur so that they were found only on fur factory, and most importantly — sable on a short palce looked darker than it actually is. That was fine Sables, so that the tail reach to the ears.

It is responsible, with the lack of experience and carelessness was always the risk of spoiling a valuable production, but foreign buyers of quantities of furs to the Sables used to. And for the box set peel our merchants necessarily reduce the price. I am already in this Millennium had once again to make sure that the short palca can be useful.

Sable, and really black, in the trap shorn of the mouse. The holidays I cut, sewed as taught, and seam to edit the skins are hid. And took this sable as defect-free, although acceptance of skin and twisted and squeezed and shook me. It is bright, especially when many of them take fast and to the black the attention is always elevated. The most interesting that I myself as a deceiver at that time was not considered. Because Providence in our life is a game with its own rules, and the rules in this case were observed.

In a short historical period when the sable population was the lowest (the end of XIX — beginning of XX century), the demand for sable skins many times oversubscribed, and the price for them in accordance with the laws of the market have soared. Often one sable tried to purchase from some merchants. Hunters exploited the situation and made the most real auctions are “blind”.

Sable tied up in a sack, leaving the mind his tail, and showed the merchants. The tail is almost always black sable, to determine it the color of the fur is impossible. Merchants, of course, risked, and hunters had the opportunity to get Sables decent money.


The old method of coloring fur smoke for obvious reasons here were not good, but very stain resistant and is not required. Photo:

Probably it was then born a strong opinion that the extraction of sable — a very profitable occupation, since even average quality animal cost more than the average annual income of all households. Although sable has long fell, this view is alive and growing stronger. Most likely, in the same period in the Russian language appeared to all know the expression about the cat in the bag, because sable male called cat.

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There were attempts to artificially change the natural color of sable fur darker. A. Cherkasov, author of the immortal “Notes of a hunter in Eastern Siberia” wrote that when you buy Sables from first hand need to be very careful, as hunters sometimes smoke them skillfully.

How Sables smoked, I was able to learn from the old taiga men in the 70-ies of the last century. This method was widespread in the South and the North of the Irkutsk region. The technology was simple and Evenki used since time immemorial for dyeing small pieces of leather in the black color that was needed to decorate the national costume. But with increasing demand for the skins of black Sables, they began to paint-smoke not just Evenk, but also Russian fishers.

Perhaps one of the last attempts of blackening of sable skins smoke formation took place in the middle of the last century in the Bratsk district of the Irkutsk region, when even a hydroelectric power station or heavy timber industry was not, and taiga fishing was a natural part of the local culture of nature. Autumn village men without exception went into the forest to belawati. In the early postwar years there removed long ban on sable hunting.

After one of the seasons two hunters, brothers, surrendered four Sables taken as a “head high”, i.e. it’s pouring. In this part of the sable range such black sable meet, but not more than one in three hundred. Presumably, examined them very carefully. But sable went and inspector of furs, and Irkutsk fur center, where, incidentally, working professionals.

Deception is only revealed at the Moscow fur refrigerator, where furs were prepared for auction. All Sables in the Soviet period bercovici, i.e., upon acceptance to each skin was tied a square of white durable cloth on which were written the data about the origin and quality of fur. Of course, the hunters quickly tracked down and arrested. It became clear that to cheat the state itself is more expensive.

The art of dymlenija sable skins were unused and quickly forgotten. In the last quarter of the last century, when the black market is also valued black sable fur, no one smoked. Furs were sometimes painted, but primitive ways.

Remember when we, the students of the hunters, returned from fishing practices, one of my classmates rolled lead bullet on a light sable dark stripe along the ridge, as potential buyers wanted the fur with a strip…

Although the art of blackening sable furs was forgotten to paint the skins have not stopped. Early in the second half of the twentieth century was the large-scale resettlement sable. In the basin of the Vitim, from which he took the breeding material for the resettlement, actively used local method of coloring live animals in black. After all, hunters took alive only dark and black animals. And there population of only half.

Catch sable alive difficult, especially in a mountain Vitim taiga. It was hard to live sable, usually after a long pursuit, and the hunters dragged behind, in addition to the usual cargo, and even pressed down. Then this frosty pressed down whiled away long nights in every moment of readiness to action. As a result of all efforts in the hands of hunters in half of the cases were light or dark enough the idea of crossbreeding, which is alive is useless. It was unfair, and the hunters had corrected this injustice with improvised means.

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The old method of coloring fur smoke for obvious reasons here were not good, but very stain resistant and is not required. Alive Sables for acceptance was examined in a cylinder of wire mesh, the fur in his hands no you didn’t. After that, animals in cages were transported to the new place of residence and released, what is the probability of disclosure of the cheating was almost non-existent. That part settled Sables were tinted, no one knew.


Sable tied up in a sack, leaving the mind his tail, and showed the merchants. The tail is almost always black sable, to determine it the color of the fur is impossible. Photo:

Painted alive Sables a simple and effective way. First, did the stock thin bird cherry twigs and burned them at the stake. Then one hunter kept sable, clutching him to her from waist to shoulder and the other carefully, not to make the animal hurt, smacked it with these sticks, often changing used “tool” for a new one. In the process, the sable fur acquired the desirable black color. Of course, the hunters didn’t tell anyone, even their wives, but our experience with the colleagues shared.

The mystery remained, because zhivotnovod sable was involved in a serious man. We will never know how many of the resettled Sables was really black, and how much cherry smeared with soot. Because most of the trackers face, once fished Sables for resettlement, remain in the “fields are always happy hunting”…

It happened that the animals had time to shake off the grime from fur. In the Altai, for example, according to the documents, a party of black Sables, but in reality this was not the case. Could have caused a scandal with the subsequent criminal case, but the parties to the issue thought, assessed the possible consequences, he spat on the discrepancy and all Sables were released as black.

Time has shown that the work of re-acclimatization sable helped to recover the species, but the expected improvement of fur quality in areas of issue and has not followed.

Even where local Sables did not exist and were produced in black, was later observed and the appearance of light, and a General lightening of the fur of the descendants reacclimatization. Of course, this is a consequence of the action of environmental factors, but the bleaching process was influenced by the fact that sable is produced not only black, but blackened.

Now that the sable color furs mastered by industry, hunters are, it seems, have stopped to paint them. In my opinion, sable fur is beautiful, regardless of his saturation of black pigment — melanin.

Besides, some women go dark and black fur, others, on the contrary, light. The main purpose sable furs to accentuate the beauty of those who wear them. Ladies will wear them, and for us to get.

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