Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in the coming days will arrive in Moscow to meet with Vladimir Putin. It is already known that the main topic of the talks was the strengthening of Iran, the main political and military opponent of Israel.
Benjamin Netanyahu will arrive in Moscow after the death of a Russian Il-20 that occurred on the night of 17 on 18 September. And although the aircraft was shot down by Syrian air defense, the Russian defense Ministry immediately blamed for his downfall it is on the Israeli side, which carried out dangerous maneuvers over the province of Latakia. “Free press” became the first publication in Russia, which has revealed the most likely target of Israeli attack was Syrian President Bashar al-Assad, who was just about to fly to Moscow from a military airport Hamim.
Israel sees the Syrian sky as its own. Your aggressive actions of Israel explains the attempt to counter Iran, which today is the largest military-political ally of Syria. Suffice it to say that, according to Israeli intelligence, Syrian territory, not less than 2 thousand soldiers “of the Complex of guards of Islamic revolution”, up to 8 thousand fighters of Hezbollah in Lebanon and about 10 thousand Shia fighters from Pakistan, Iraq and Afghanistan.
Israel, almost unable to inflict significant blows on Iran (over which the deployed air defense system “Iron dome”), to attack Iranian military facilities on Syrian territory. In particular, in may, Israel carried out in Syria, the largest military operation since 1973 (when I did the Yom Kippur War): simultaneous blow of 50 airfields, weapons caches, intelligence facilities and other Iranian targets.
Against this background, the supply of Russian s-300 in Syria (defense Minister Sergei Shoigu reported to the President that will be put on combat duty 49 units) actually makes invulnerable to Israeli attacks not only the object of the Syrian — and Iranian. This is what most worries Israel, the Prime Minister is to urgently put forward in Moscow (note that after the death of Il-20 and accusations of the Ministry of defense of Russia he did not).
To negotiate with Russia will have to all parties
That is happening today in the middle East, the “Free press” talked to our resident expert — senior researcher, Institute of Oriental studies, Professor Mikhail Roschin.
“SP”: — Mikhail, Israel long before the beginning of the civil war conducted the RAID in Syria — it is enough to remember the murder of the chief of intelligence services of “Hezbollah” Imad Mughniyah in 2008. Why does Israel feel entitled to interfere directly in the Affairs of Syria?
— Israel is fighting with Hezbollah. In this respect, there is nothing new. But after the outbreak of civil war in Syria, Israel felt that his hands are completely untied, and it can do in Syria — and especially in its airspace — anything you want.
So it was, while the Syrian army was not able to control much of the Syrian territory. Today the situation has changed dramatically, and this raises the question of what the former arbitrariness of the Israeli air force in the skies over Syria needs to be stopped.
Russia, as one of the two main allies of Syria made clear that the Syrian air defense will be equipped with new modern facilities.
“SP”: — denser with the interests of the Syrian military establishment to integrate and Iran’s interests. However, Israeli publications write about the existence of a certain rift between President Hassan Rouhani and head of intelligence Qasem Soleimani — supporters, respectively, “soft” and “hard” paths in foreign policy. Which of these ways, in your opinion, will prevail in Iran in the case of Syria, given the growing pressure of Israel?
— Iran — an old ally of Syria. During the Shah, in the period before the Islamic revolution, Iran had the strongest army in the middle East. After the first turbulent years of the revolution, the Iranian armed forces have gradually restored its military power. They have been an excellent hardened during the Iran-Iraq war of 1980-1988 and in recent years, participating in the fight against extremists in Syria.
Israel today has no allies in the region that would have about it out loud. Indirectly these are a number of the Arabian monarchies, starting with Saudi Arabia, well, of course, will not go away the main geopolitical ally — the United States. Speaking of which, we should not forget that when Barack Obama’s relationship with Israeli leadership left much to be desired… Now if Donald trump seriously, they got stronger, especially after leaving the United States from the agreement on the Iranian nuclear dossier and to transfer the American Embassy from tel Aviv to Jerusalem.
Often forgotten, but these actions trump changed the political configuration in the middle East and led to the strengthening of the merits of allied relations between Iran and Russia and the further rapprochement between Russia and Iran.
Anti-Israeli and anti-Zionist rhetoric in Iran has not disappeared, but I would not say that Tehran was heard some tough calls for the beginning of hostilities against Israel. Rather, Jerusalem is constantly urged in recent years to air strikes against nuclear facilities in Iran.
After the signing of the agreement on the Iranian nuclear dossier, the rhetoric of Israeli hawks subsided somewhat, but now resumed. I think Russia could act as mediator for indirect contacts of Iran and Israel. Time complete free hand in Syria for Israel came to an end, and there, reluctantly, but starting to realize it.
“SP”: — Israel during the civil war in Syria, even provided humanitarian assistance to the Syrian military: was the supply of food, even the treatment of the wounded. At the same time in explicit sympathy for Bashar Assad, the Israelis will not suspect. Again double standards?
— Despite an uneasy relationship with Assad, and especially his father, Israel is more interested in maintaining the current Syrian regime in power. It is a secular regime, taking into account the peculiarities of the Syrian multi-confessional society.
The real armed opposition in Syria today represented mainly by either extremists, or Kurds, are an ethnic minority. The new government in Damascus (although now it is purely hypothetical possibility) would create unpredictable risks for Israel, and would inevitably lead to the escalation on the Syrian-Israeli border.
Russia, in my opinion, is today a successful and skillful foreign policy in the middle East, which leads to surprise our opponents. In this regard, we must recall the positive role of Russia as mediator between Syria and Israel, able to find points of mutual understanding between the two countries. And they are certainly there, as peace and stability both parties are interested.
Iran in Syria in the coming years will continue to maintain a presence, and Russia could successfully play the role of the moderator: obviously, to our opinion in Tehran seriously listen.
“SP”: — Iran today across the Middle East is increasing its support to Shiite armed groups. Including in Yemen, where years of civil war, the account of victims goes on tens of thousands. While all attention is focused on Syria, but what will happen to Yemen?
— The troops of the international coalition led by Saudi Arabia invaded Yemen March 25, 2015, and since there is a war with the government, with the Houthis controlling most of Northern Yemen.
The coalition, possessing a great superiority in military power, yet are unable to achieve decisive success and even come close to the Yemeni capital, Sanaa. In the spring, the coalition tried unsuccessfully to get the main port in the North of the country Hodeida, but despite the loud reports of the Saudis force the Houthis continued to successfully defended the city.
As a result of war the country is once again actually split into North and South. Real capital forces supporting the coalition today was Aden, but we have to remember that not so long ago it was the capital of South Yemen (22 may 1990). In the South the majority Sunni in the North — the Shia, whose interests today represents a Houthi government. It is quite natural that Iran supports its co-religionists.
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