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Russia. The country is endangered peoples

Россия. Страна исчезающих народов

All of us, from school, a familiar catch phrase: “Russia — prison of peoples”. 13 people have disappeared from the ethnographic map of Russia, dozens more are on the verge of extinction.

If you ever take the court over the Russian Empire, the main accusers, but historians must be ethnologists, who will tell the court how many people have disappeared during the reign of the Russian tsars and Bolshevik leaders. 13 people have disappeared from the ethnographic map of Russia, dozens more are on the verge of extinction. Empire needed the earth to soothe my conscience, and the Russian tsars needed new filed obedient, and malice that is not ready to become “one family”. In fact, they had become, against their will, future Russians: Russian historiography thoroughly sanitized for the curious, the tutorials you will find information, e.g. about 150-year-old Chukchi-Russian war or the years of resistance of the peoples of southern Siberia — Khakassia, Tuva, Buryatia.

All these people who have decided with weapons to defend their right to be free, as if aware of what awaits them in the future — that in the beginning they announce “Russian”, then forcibly baptized, and the Bolsheviks will finish — will be deprived the opportunity to live as they lived many centuries their ancestors: they were forbidden to hunt and to fish, engage in traditional crafts. Severed from their roots and sloped the Empire to Orthodoxy, the Bolsheviks to atheism, the indigenous peoples of Siberia and the Far East could save only a few, in particular, shamanism, now perceived as exotic. And extinct and endangered peoples became dead and yet living exhibits of the Museum of the crimes of the Russian Empire.

A listing of the missing people — the lesson is useless, but try to imagine that even 100-200 years ago in the territory of the Empire lived peoples and tribes — all, golyad, kamasinski, carcity, melanchlaeni, Merya, Meschera, motors, Moore, Cumans, Ugric, Chud Zabolotskaya, abramasi. They, and the larger peoples who were conquered to become “Russians”, carrying out the wishes of the Russian tsars for the consolidation of the Russian State and the formation of the “Russian people”, which was not, but wished he was. With each conquest of another’s territory, which is elegantly called the “gathering of Russian lands” and increasing the population remaining alive after years of resistance. Muscovy in the 17th century consisted of only 4 million inhabitants, a couple of centuries has turned into an Empire with a population of over 100 million people, mostly victims of forced assimilation.

For the sake of objectivity we should still distinguish between the policy of the Russian Empire and the Bolsheviks, although which one is more monstrous — it’s hard to say. The Empire seized the territory, turning the population into “Russian Orthodox”, the Soviet government finished the Nations with all sorts of bans, turning them into “Soviet people” — without faith, no history, no language and no culture. The Soviet people lived by the rules, invented in Moscow, and these rules deprived the peoples traditional way of life, turning former hunters and fishermen, shepherds and gatherers in the collective-farm peasantry. When herding reindeer or sheep, has decided to no longer set thousands of years of experience the traditions of their ancestors, but an official in Moscow, who, most likely, never camps or pastures not seen. The Soviet people had to obey orders on milk yield and sheep shearing, from his memory erased all the rituals and traditions, songs and legends of their ancestors. Soviet anthropologists diligently collected material for their dissertations and books, as if aware that soon all this will disappear.

The worst thing is to observe the disappearance of the peoples now within the borders of modern Russia. To see people drink too much in the villages Shors in the South of the Kemerovo region and Khanty, Mansi, and Eskimos, who moved to the city and forgot their traditions. Is almost no one knows about the mushers, the Kamchadals, few people says that the land of the Khanty and Mansi produces 60 percent of Russia’s oil, and the people themselves become outcasts in their own land. Khanty account for only 1.2 percent of the population of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous district, Mansi even less — 0.7 percent. According to statistics, even the Ukrainians in the neighborhood a few times more, and Russians constitute an overwhelming majority — almost 70 percent of the population. Traditional reindeer herding has become exotic, from the numerous herds remained little more than thirty thousand heads. Now in district schools in their native language learn about two thousand children of the people of Muncie and a little over three thousand people Khanty.

Educated under the Soviet regime in the conquered lands beyond the Ural mountains national territory of the Republic or district — only in the names contain the names, the mention of indigenous peoples. In fact, the indigenous peoples there in the vast minority. In the Chukchi Autonomous district of the Chukchi actually make up only about 25 percent of the population, even less, on the verge of extinction, remained representatives of other indigenous peoples — the Eskimos, the evens and Chuvans. This ratio was created not only through assimilation during the years of Bolshevism, but also long, about 150 years, Chukchi-Russian war from 1641 to 1776 years. The story keeps the events of that time, the brutality and persistence of the invaders. Captain Tobolsk Dragoon regiment Dmitry Pavlutsky differed disproportionate brutality, when, in 1731, he led a detachment of more than 400 people undertook a punitive operation against the Chukchi, “And Maia 9 dosed to the first seated so the sea kukoc Yurt, in any way former kukoc beat… Saw from the place at a short distance… sedentary one Yurt and used it chukoch beat… And dashed to their Chukotskogo planing… and in that prison was Yurt to osimi, who ravaged and burned”.

Chukchi-Russian war ended with the seizure of land, but not the conquest of the people, insurrection was feared until the late 19th century. The military boasted that he killed over 10 thousand of the Chukchi, but the remaining survivors were slowly dying not only from the fact that the executioners destroyed a lot of deer. Together with the Russian through to the Chukchi Koryaks, Chuvans and Yukaghirs came contagious diseases, such as syphilis: syphilis is called the Chukchi “duvanska disease”, “Russian disease”. Along with the Russians came, and alcoholism, is seeking the remaining peoples. The peoples of the far North and Siberia, no of the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase that breaks down alcohol, and brought in Russian “fire water” slowly killed people. In Australia, the USA and Canada there are restrictions on the sale of alcohol in places of compact settlement of indigenous peoples — it is for this reason. In Russia, this one thought.

The mushers, Koryak, Mansi, Mansi, Nganasans, Nenets, Nivkhi, Selkups, kets, Tofalars, Itelmen, Dolgans, udegei, Nenets and Inuit are peoples, the number of which is estimated from several hundred to several thousand. The many people of Muncie, their slightly more than 30 thousand people. Because of oil in their land became a billionaire more than a dozen people, but not the Muncie. Critically endangered small peoples in other parts of Russia — the water in the Leningrad region, the Archi in the Dagestan Republic. Hard to imagine what will become of these people in 30 or 50 years — most likely, they will disappear and will become the lines in the list of those who only exist in ethnographic reference books. There is no hope that the current Russian government will make efforts for their salvation.

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