Tiny, in fact, a territory of three percent of the land contained as much as 5 percent of the species diversity of the planet. Is it any wonder that to get to Costa Rica the dream of nature lovers from all over the world? And scientists from her in absolute delight. How else, after all, translated from Spanish, Costa Rica means “rich coast”.
This name was given to these edges the sailors of Christopher Columbus. Later, however, it was found that gold and minerals country is not rich, however she found plenty of other treasures.
Descendants of mixed marriages between Indians and white truly love their country – and for good reason. The smallest country of Central America is the most peaceful, most prosperous, most secure and, without a doubt, the most hospitable in the Caribbean.
Tourists find Costa Rica a true Paradise: two oceans coastline of 1,290 kilometers of endless beaches, covered with fine white sand. And that’s not counting the climate, which can only dream of, and incredible natural diversity.
But something’s not here. No army, and for a long time, as there is no conflict, not only war, but any. Fall and spring here either. The year is divided into two seasons: December to April – dry from may to November – rain.
Zoologists prefer the rainy season. Botanists prefer dry period. Still, after all this time bloom orchids, of which there are 1000 species, blooming large-flowered bougainvillea, and cacti, including the famous “Queen of the night”.
It should be noted that the government is anxious to protect its natural treasures. In a small Costa Rica – 27 national parks and many other protected areas covering almost a third of the country!
Some of them protect sea turtles and an exciting diversity of plants, birds and animals, while others are created around volcanoes and waterfalls.
Terrible and warm neighbors
Because Costa Rica is located in the “ring of fire” volcanoes, she also “owns” a hundred of those, including two very impressive. The Arenal volcano because of its conical shape correct is one of the most beautiful in the world.
The pre-Columbian tribes considered the land around it is sacred, and now in the National Park of the Arenal volcano you can walk along specially created footpaths.
The Poas volcano is not as dangerous, less famous and not symmetric, but its crater covering nearly 1.5 sq km, is considered the largest in the world, if we talk about an active volcano. On a clear day from the observation deck clearly visible bright blue lake in the crater of Poas. But it is not water but acid, and hot.
National Park Poas volcano is located just 50 km from the capital, San Jose, getting there is convenient.
It is good to live on volcanoes? Due to the heat and volcanic soil of the plants here felt like I was in heaven, while coffee and fruits yummy. Today for sleepless volcanoes is closely monitored, and therefore for locals and for tourists particularly at risk this neighborhood had not.
Mysterious island Coconut
Perhaps the most mysterious of all the national parks of Costa Rica – the nature reserve on the island of Coconut. It is 600 km from the Western coast of the country. And this is exactly the case, when the legendary glory of the place exceeds its size.
Coconut island is very small – slightly less than 24 square kilometers. And it’s uninhabited. Perhaps because in XVII-XVIII centuries it was called “pirate safe”. They say that the famous Pacific pirates William Dampier, Edward Davis, Benito Bonito, Billy Thompson, and captain Kidd had hidden untold treasures.
By the way, the prototype of “treasure Island” Stevenson was just Cocos island.
For decades, adventurers of all kinds were unsuccessfully looking for pirate treasure on the island. In the twentieth century the process is so intensified that in 1994 the Costa Rican government officially banned all searches both on the coast and in coastal waters. However, the number of those wishing to visit the Coconut has not decreased.
In 1997, the island and its coastal waters was listed as a UNESCO world heritage site, but it’s just one of the reasons why Coconut has gained worldwide fame. The second, no less important, was the films of Jacques Cousteau.
Anyone who has ever looked at these films that lit up the dream to see the unique underwater gardens of the island. Only some of the corals here are thirty-two kinds! Everyone who was immersed in these banks, can confirm that the Coconut is among the top ten most interesting in the world of diving. Always warm water is clear, visibility 50 meters – not a limit.
However, dive off the coast of Coconut – it is for the brave and experienced, not everyone is able to swim in a big company, whitetip reef sharks or sharks. But to meet the phlegmatic whale shark would like, because it is no less than a whale and it is completely not aggressive.
Coral gardens abound in Coconut giant Moray eels, manta ray, spotted oblakami, dolphins… Twenty-seven species from inhabiting the local reef fish are endemic-that is, the Coconut is the only place on the planet where you can see them.
Currently access to the reserve is possible only by sea, but the Costa Rican government plans to build on the island helipad. The number of tourists will certainly increase. And if you are attracted by pristine, then perhaps you should hurry.
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