It turned out that the dog inclined to be offended for longer than wolves.
Austrian scientists have discovered another difference in social interaction of dogs and wolves, according to a paper published in Royal Society Open Science.
After reviewing several small flocks of animals, they found that wolves are much faster, showing a friendly behavior towards each other after the conflict, while dogs prefer to wait a few hours.
For many social animals characteristic of intra-group conflicts, ability to cope which are very important for maintaining relationships within the group and to minimize the negative impact on physical health or life.
Good ability to reconcile after a conflict have a cooperative animals that hunt and defend the territory together: for example, wolves.
Their domesticated relatives, dogs, however, from cooperation depend not so much because of what the ability to rapid reconciliation may be lost.
To test this, scientists from the Vienna University of veterinary medicine under the guidance of friedericke Rank (Friederike Range) conducted an experiment involving three packs of wolves (two to five individuals) and three packs of dogs (from two to four individuals.
All specimens were raised in captivity and after five first months of life formed in the pack; however, all animals lived in close contact with humans and were used as subjects in other behavioral experiments. Schools were followed for two years for an hour at least twice a week.
For the entire period of observations, scientists were able to document the 419 cases of aggressive behavior of wolves and only 55 dogs. All cases were divided into low conflict and high intensity, which differed in the absence and presence of physical contact.
For a pair of offender-victim observed since the conflict began and ended the observation, ten minutes after the conflict had ended. Reconciliation was considered a manifestation of friendly behavior between offender and victim. As control conditions for the offender, and the victim was observed on the day after the conflict at about the same time.
Scientists have found that immediately after the conflict among the wolves of victims and offenders show a friendly behavior to each other is 22.6 percent more than the next day, and dogs prefer to wait and try not to contact each other after a fight – they are in contact 3.4 percent more often on the next day than immediately after the conflict.
The authors noted that, despite the fact that conflicts among wolves happens more often, they very quickly ended, while the offenders and victims among the dogs avoided each other for a few hours. However, about 90 percent of conflicts between dogs were of high intensity; the wolves of such conflicts was only 60 percent.
The authors concluded that the ability to quickly reconcile after a conflict within the pack – required to maintain the normal social interaction of wolves. Dogs, however, this ability is lost: most likely, in the process of adaptation to living with man, not with other canines.
Comparing the behavior of dogs and wolves is often enough. This, for example, actively engaged group of scientists under the leadership of the Hungarian cognitivist Afii Virani (Zsófia Virányi): last year, they found that wolves are much better than dogs ustanavlivaetsya-and-effect relationships and solve group tasks.
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